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, • » * • • 

Copyright, 1891, 

By Claudius. JL.iiARNswoRTH. 

• • •• • . 

- • • - • 

• • • • 

• • •« . • 







I. Joseph Farnsworth »3 

II, Thomas Farnsworth i6 

III. UlATTHiAs Farnsworth '. •• ^9 


I. Mrs. Robinson .... 33 

II. Matthias, Jr. 34 

III. John "W 

IV. Bknjamin '♦^' 


VI. Mrs. Thatcher 82 

VII. Mrs, Stone • *•» 

VIII. Samuel • ^^ 

IX. Abigail '"•♦ 

X. Jonathan '"5 

XI. Joseph, an "4 

E R 1< A T U M . 

/'<7i,v 4^. — The wife of Job Shattuck was daughter of 
Samuel Ilartwell and Sarah Holden, and not of Samuel Hart- 
well and Sarah Farnsworth. 


The descendants of Matthias Farnsworth may well rejoice that 
tlie annals of the family have at length been preserved in this 
little book ; their debt of gratitude to the faithful compiler, w^hose 
long and patient labors have borne this first fruit, can never be 
repaid. Only one who has essayed to piece together the frajj- 
ments of obscure family history ; to extract the kernel of truth 
from the chaff' of family tradition ; to reconcile the innumerable 
doubts raised by faulty records with ascertained facts ; to unravel 
the tangled skein of departed generations with its broken and 
missing threads— only one who has attempted any of these things 
can fully appreciate the labor involved in or the value of a work 
of this character. For it must be remembered that this mono- 
graph is but the reflex of a work of far greater magnitude and 
importance, the Genealogy of the family. Without the untiring 
investigations that have been continued through two generations, 
without the collection and arrangement of the slowly i'ccuniu- 
lated material for that work, this book never could have been 
written. In these pages the author has endeavored to present to 
those bearing the name what has been learned of their family 
history in the progress of those investigations, free from the 
statistics that necessarily encumber the pages of the Genealogy, 
and to give them such information concerning those who have 
borne or who now bear the name as seemed most worthy of pre- 
servation. Beyond this, it is an efibrt by one who has devoted a 
large portion of a long life to this work to arouse a more general 
interest among the members of the family now living in the com- 
pletion of the records of the family, past and present, and to 
hasten the publication of a Genealogy that, always of inestimable 
value, must be of still greater value and importance as time rolls 
on and the inevitable changes in social condition lead to an en- 
hanced social estimate of name and descent. If this book suc- 
ceeds in awakening that interest, and in eliciting from members 


of the family such .scraj)s of inforrnation as they may possess, thr 
author will feci that iiis lal)()rs Iwive not been in vain. 

How lonpj a time h • i elapsed since the Rev. James Dcla]) 
Farnsworth be^an the compilation of family records to which we 
now {j;ain the first insight in the following paj^es. Most of ns 
were then unborn, and volumes of family history have been 
enacted in the many intervening years. He died in i.Sv), nearly 
forty years ago, and the incomplete material he had gathered 
passed into the hands of a worthy successor, then in the prime of 
life. In his hands the framework erected by his predecessor has, 
by unremitting attention, grown to large prouortions. Now he, 
in turn, long past the age of three score and ten, finds his work 
still far from com|)letc, or from even a degree of perfection that 
will warrant its publication for some time to come. This should 
not be, and the Genealogy need not be long delayed if the Farns- 
worths in America "who read these pages will sjnd to the author 
the names and dates of births, marriages and deaths in their 
families, and urge others of the name to do the same. 

And what a creditable little chronicle it is — this of the Farns- 
worth family and its ancestors. Matthias Farnsworth brought 
with him from England none of the titles or insigni i of rank 
that art* so attractive to vanity even in the liosom of a Republic. 
Those who value such baubles 'vill not lind gratification in these 
pages. But he came to America endowed with a sturdy inde- 
pendence, a rugged integrity, a due regard for morality and a 
simple religious faith that were worth far more in subduing the 
unbroken forests and ungenial soil of New England than aristo- 
cratic descent or heraldic device. He was respected and honored 
by those with whom he cast his lot for the brave, true and manly 
qualities he possessed, and what can his descendants desire more 
than this? It was siich as he that made the Puritan stock the 
peer — if not the superior — of any outgrowth of the divergent 
social and religious elements that planted the seed of a great 
nation along the Atlantic coast in the seventeenth century. 

" Give praise to others, early come or late, 
For love and labor on our ship of State ; 
But this must stand above all fame and zeal : 
The I'ilifrim Fathers laid the ribs and keel ; 
On their strong; lines we base our social health — 
The man — the home — the town — the Commonwealth 1 " 


Matthias Famsworth was one of the early settlers who followed 
the Pilgrim Fathers, founded communities upon the lines marked 
out by them, and completed their work by transmitting some of 
their qualities to their descendants. If we of the nineteenth 
century have inherited some small portion — and let us hope that 
such is the case — we have ample cause for gratulation. The 
following pages will show that the descendants of Matthias 
Farnsworth have enjoyed in a marked degree the respect of their 
fellow-men ; that they have ever been earnest workers ; that such 
worldly honors as have come to individuals of the name, such 
positions as have been attained in the various pathways of life, 
have been the reward of merit rather than the result of self-seek- 
ing or favoritism ; that they have been self-made in the truest 
sense, and it is the proud boast of the author of this book that, 
in a search for genealogical material extending over more than 
half a century, the prison and the almshouse have contributea 
no names to the record. May future generations do as well. 

December^ i8go. 

r R !•: I • ACE. 

In the year 1S48 (!alcl) Butler printed in his History of Groton. 
Mass., Renealojjical tables of some droton families, atul he in- 
chuleii anK)n,'r them some of the family of Matthias Tarnsworth 
down to about the middle of the last century so far as they were 
resideiUs of old Groton. In their i^rejiaration Mr. IJutler was 
assisted by the late Rev. James Delap Farnsworth, who for 
several years before had interested himself in collecting from 
old records and the memories of aged people such facts as were 
then accessible, for the purpose eventually of making a gene- 
alogy of the Karnsworths mi .\merica. The tables thus formed 
by Mr. Hutler were quite imperfect, and not very extensive. 
Rev. James I). Farnsworth died in 1854, leaving his collections 
entirely unmethodized. After a while his papers were placed 
in my hands. I had known him from my childhood. I had 
heard him talk the subject over with the old people. I therefore 
took it as an inheritance, and made it the recreation of what 
leisure hours I had in a life devoted to business. I have accu- 
mulated a large mas's of material for a genealogy of the family; 
but I am unable to complete it. My health will not permit it. 
But my collections are at the service of the family, and, in my 
judgment, ought not to be lost. 

As a preliminary to the genealogy I have prepared this book, 
in oriler to show the origin of the family in America, its disper- 
sion through the country and its history. I ho])e it will tend to 
unify the members of the family, and lead them to take a 
greater interest in their common history, and in their common 
possessions. For it has treasures worthy of history. 

I here acknowledge my very great obligations to Edward H. 
Farnsworth who has rendered me invaluable assistance in pre- 
paring this book for, and in passing it through the press. 

Pawtucket, R. I., April, 1891. 


The families of Farnsworth in the United States are all of 
English origin, and undoubtedly derive their name from one of 
two places in Lancashire, England, bearing the name of Farn- 
worth. One of them is in the parish of Prescott, not far from 
Liverpool, on the way to Manchester. It is believed, however, 
that the family derived its name from Farnworth, in the parish 
of Dean, a few miles north-west from Manchester, in the 
Hundred of Salford. The name of those places has always 
been spelled without an s, and the families bearing the name in 
England almost uniformly write it Farnworth. All the immi- 
grants of that name to this country in the seventeenth century 
wrote it in the same, or substantially the same, way. But as the 
writers and recorders of those early times were not well instructed 
in orthography, they were not at all uniform in their spelling of 
this name. Thus we find ffarneworth, ffernvorth, ffearneworth, 
ffarnot, ffarnom, ffearnoth, and many other forms. The Farn- 
worths themselves were generally very little more uniform in 
their spelling than others were, until in the early part of the 
eighteenth century it was gradually changed to Farnsworth. 
The Groton records almost uniformly spell the name without an 
J until about 1750; but the usage of the family had changed 
somewhat earlier. The pronunciation in early times in this 
country was probably as if spelled Farnoth, as it is spelled 
in some of the records. 

The introduction of the s into the name is no doubt a cor- 
ruption, and probably arose from some notion of euphony. The 
same change has been made to some extent in England ; and 
persons spelling their names in the American fashion are to be 
found in the directories of Manchester, Liverpool and London ; 
and in Manchester is a street named Farnsworth, spelled in the 


10 o/:/(;/x or i he xami:. 

Manchester Directory as wc spell it. At the same time it must 
be noticed that the principal old families of the name, located 
mainly in Lancashire, but to some extent elsewhere, scrupulously 
adhere to the aiui'^nt sp?lliii;i. 

The word is undoubtedly a Saxon descriptive compound, from 
ftni (Anglo Saxon, /earn), the fern plant, and icorlh, in Saxon 
Kn;;lish a valuable farm, or estate, the whole sijjnifyinp a ferny 
land, farm, or estate, the places to which the name was applied 
having been very productive of ferns. The word *' worth," as 
used in the west of Knj^land, and to some extent elsewhere in 
early times, signified jiropcrty by means of v/hich a man was 
"worth it," or a "worthy," and as the principal property of 
those days was land, it came generall) to mean what we should 
call "landed property"; so a "landed estate" was spoken of 
as a "worMi" This usage was probably much more common 
in Lancashire than in any other part of England. And in the 
immediate ncighborhooil of Farnworth, within twenty miles of 
it, the rravellcr will find numerous places compounded with this 
word, such as Ainsworth, Runnvorlh, Cleworth, Unsworth, Tils- 
worth, Kdgworth, Longworth, Southworth, Failsworth. Breworth, 
Butterworth, Budworth, Wardleworth, Ashworth, Shuttleworth, 
and Whiiworth. These are not all ; and there are some names 
of the same origin, but of slightly different form. 

Farnworth lies on the westerly siile of the west branch of 
the Irwcll, and on the other side of the river to the cast lies a 
place rallt'il Feamt-y, It Ih not iinlikrly that as tin.* name was 
fr""|iit'iiily, p«'iliii|it» coiiiinMiily, in rarly llmrM wrillt'ii I'l'tirnr^ 
Woilli, II Wa"? pi'.»ii(tiiiHi'(| ill ihfrc sylldlilcn, .-m If wrlttL'ii /-/'///'• 
ot'yu<orl/i. Thus diio .signs as witness to a will, in 21 \'a\, I,, 
" Roger de Fanieworth," and in the 4th Kd, IL, Klias dc Sincth- 
ton, prior of the Knights Hospitalers of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem, conveys certain lands in IMatt, a place near by Farn- 
worth, by deed to Adam de farncworth, and his son Robert was 
seized of them by the same name in the 3th Ed. IL* 

Farnworth, in the parish of Dean, was an ancient manor, of 
abot4.t 1400 acres, with a manor court, and had upon it, as early 
as can be identified, a stone residence that bore the name of 
Farnworth Hall. It was standing and occupied as the manor 

* See Baine't History of Lancashire. 


house as late as Queen Elizabeth's time, and perhaps a little 
laier, but it was afterwards suffered to go to decay. It was 
probably occupied as a residence in the days of Joseph and 
Matthias Farnsworth, the early emigrants to this country. The 
place where it stood is now occupied by laborers' cottages, but is 
still called, and is so designated on the local maps, " Farnworth 
Hall." It is about two miles south-easterly from the railway 
station at Bolton le Moors. After the old hall went to decay a 
mansion house was built upon the manor, about two miles 
southerly, called Birch House, which is said to be a fine residence. 
The old manor is now a town, and has become noted as a place 
for the manufacture of paper. The largest mills in that trade 
in England are there. It had a population in 1881 of 19,330. 

The "manor," or "honor," of Farnworth in Dean was held 
for a long time by the same persons that held the adjoining 
estates of Hulton, Little-Hulton, Middle-Hulton and Over- 
Hulton, that lay directly south and south-west of it ; and their 
arms are entered in the returns of the herald's visitations as of 
Hulton, or of Hulton de farnworth, according as they were con- 
nected with one or the other of the estates. This was a power- 
ful family as ea'rly as the "eign of Edward I. As this place was 
probably included by the Doomsday report in the time of 
William the Conqueror in the territory of Manchester, and as 
the region is known to have been hardly used by him, perhaps 
he may have disposed of all of it to his followers. For all of 
Salford Hundred is said to have belonged to King Edward, 
wherein werp twenty-one berewicks and hs many th»n<'s, nanr f>f 
whose nanicN lu'o ^Ivtn, but «ll of whom, vc^iy likt'ly, wecp dls' 
poBscMscd, At uny fate they did not appear to liavc any title fo 
the land worth mentioning by the Conqueror, Richard Bancroft, 
D. D., Archbishop of Canterbury, son of John Bancroft, was born 
at Farnworth in 1554. 

Farnworth and Kcarsly are organized together ecclesiastically, 
Kearsly is a small adjoining place to the east, and Farnworth 
church is near the line between them, and called the " Church of 
St. John." It is a handsome church, built of light colored stone 
in 1825, and opened for use in 1827. Farnworth was for some 
time in dispute as to its ownership ; for the Hospitalers of St. 
John of Jerusalem claimed it in the twentieth year of Edward I., 
and the Abbey of Cockersand did so in the seventh and eighth : 


Richard II.; and it appears eventually to have fallen to the same 
family that held the neijjhhorinj^' and larjjcr estates of Hiiltoii. 

At that time surnames had not come much into use in lCnp[land; 
but at a later time they were adopted, and gradually became uni- 
versal. Some persons were named hereditarily for personal 
peculiarities, some took the names of their trades, and those who 
had landed estates took the names of their estates ; for estates 
bore well known names earlier than families. If they had more 
than one estate, the owner made his choice among them, or used 
as many of them as he plcasetl ; and if the estates passed to two 
or more sons, each took the name of the estate assigned to him. 
At first those named from their estates among the landed class 
of English either were, or affcctetl to be, of Norman descent, 
and in naming themselves used the French preposition //<•, and so 
the owners and residents on the feaniy worth called themselves 
*' de Karn worth." 

Farn worth in Trescott was less prominent than the one in Dean; 
but there is a chapel there wherein are many interesting mf)nu- 
mcnts of the family of IJold ; and it is said that King James I., 
when visiting the Earl of Derby who lived near by, while riding 
on horseback found a silver horseshoe in the road which was 
claimed by the rector of Prescott, which included Farnworth. 
On account of his e.xtravagance the tradition runs that the King 
compelled him to transfer the great tithes of the rectory to 
King's College, Cambridge. 

There are several places in England whose names are com- 
pounded with Farn, and having a signification similar to Farn- 
worth. For instance, there are three Farnboroughs — that is, a 
ferny town ; a Farndale — that is, a ferny valley ; a Farndish, 
three I-'arnduns, six Farnhams, a F'arningliam, said to have been 
corrupted to Framingham, Farnly, and Farnsfield. The family 
name is not very common in England, although there are several 
very respectable families bearing it, apparently all springing 
from the source named ; and in the churchyard of St. John, at 
Farnworth, the traveller can see the gravestones of many "of the 




Joseph Farnsworth of Dorchester, Mass., is the first person 
bearing the name of Farnsworth that we know of in this country. 
He is first heard of there about 1632, but he probably came over 
with the Dorchester Company, though perhaps not in the first 
vessel. He was admitted freeman March 14, 1638-9. Another 
Joseph Farnsworth, probably his son, was admitted freeman May 
2, 1649. The name is spelled in the record in both cases "ffarn- 
worth." He died Jan. 12, 1660, and his will was proved and 
is recorded in Suffolk Registry of Wills, vol. i., fol. 327, and has 
been printed in the Historic-Genealogical Register, vol. IX., p. 
140. He provides in it for his wife, whom he calls " Mary, for- 
merly wife of John Long and Thomas Long." He also gives 
legacies to his daughters, Elizabeth, wife of John Mansfield; 
Esther, Mary, wife of Abraham Ripley ; his grandson, ** Joseph 
Peck, son of Simon Peck, who married with Hannah, my daughter, 
now deceased," and Rebecca, and also to his eldest son Joseph, 
although he had, as he says, " already assisted him greatly," and 
the rest to his son Samuel, who appears to have been a minor. 
The inventory returned amounted to ;;^2o6 i8s. 2d. Joseph's 
first wife's name was Elizabeth, surname unknown. After 
Joseph's death his widow very soon married John Wilcock, then 
resident at Dorchester. She was executor of her husband 
"ffarnworth's " will, and joining her husband Wilcock she made 
a deed of part of his land, April 20, i66o, to William Pond : 
Suffolk Deeds, B. VII., fol. 296. 

By an old record in the City Register's office, Boston, entitled 
" Marriages, Births, Deaths," on page 39, under the head of 
•' Dorchester," together with other sources of information, we 
learn that Joseph had the following children : 



a. El.IZAIiEI H. 


4. Makv, born March 30, 1637 ; married Abraham Ripley. 

«;. IIannaii, born Dec. 14, 1^138 ; married Simon Teck. She died before 
her f.ithcr, as a|)iHars by the will. 

6. Kkmkccah, born Jan. 2, 163(^40 ; married, March 18, i66j, John 

7. Rt'Tll, horn June 3, 1642 ; m.irritd I'lifTcr, wlio probably lived 
at Wrcnlham, and \\m\ a son born tlicrc n.-imt-il William, July 17, if'hf). 

8. SamI'H., born ; moved to Windsor, Connecticut, where he married 

Sarah, daujjiitcr of Thomas Stoiighton, Jr., in 1667. 

There wa.s also apparently another daughter, Leonora, bap- 
tized at Dorchester, Nov. 14, 1639, of wlioni nothing else is 
known. There appears also to have been a Rachel Farnworth, 
who married Matthias Puffer at IJraintree, March 18, i66r. As 
she must have been living when Joseph made his will, Jan. 
2, 1659-60, and is not named in it, it is i;skcd whether she was 
Joseph's daughter. Possibly she may have been, and was 
o.iiitted accidentally. And again it is possible that she is one of 
those called by another name in the will. 

Samuel, the youngest son, took the largest part of the estate 
under the will. He sold part of that estate April 26, 167S, to 
Thomas Platts. la that deed he describes himself as "Samuel 
ffarnworth, of Winsor, in the Colony of Connetticot, house- 
wright (son of Joseph ffarneworth sometime of Dorchester in 
the Mattachusetts Colony of New I-lngland, cooper, deceased)." 
Apparently by the will Joseph has named, or intended to name, 
all his children in New ICngland, that were living when he made 
it.  It has been supjioscd by some that Joseph was father of 
Matthias, the ancestor of the (Iroton Farnsworths, who was at 
the date of the will probably living at Lynn, and is not men- 
tioned in it. lUit as he calls Joseph, Jr., his eldest son, and he 
was admitted freeman ^Lay 2, 1649, by which it appears possible 
that he may have been born as late as 1627, while Matthias was 
born about 161 1 or *i2, I think there is no probability that 
Joseph was father to Matthias. He was more likely to be brother, 
a supposition which is not improbable, though there is no suf- 
ficient data from which to form a definite opinion on the subject 
known to UjC. 

The descendants of Joseph bearing the name of Farnsworth 
are not numerous, but there are many descendants of daughters, 



that are scattered over the country. Joseph Farnsworth of this 
family, probably a descendant of Joseph, Jr., graduated at Yale 
College in 1736. He married Mary Blinn in 1741, and had 
children as follows : 

1. Mary, born August i, 1742. 

2. Joseph, bom August 12, 1744. 

3. William, born April 11, 1747. 

4. James, born August — , 1749. 

5. Abigail, born August 10, 1753. 

A Joseph Farnsworth, probably the son of Joseph and Mary 
Bhnn Farnsworth, was appointed Deputy Commissary to the 
Continental Army for Vermont, and in 1776 he was at Charles- 
town, N. H., in execution of the duties of his office to provide 
supplies for the army collected at Ticonderoga to oppose the 
movements in that direction of the British troops. He was at 
the time of his appointment a resident of Middletown, Conn., 
but he moved his family to Bennington, Vermont, where he took 
up his residence, and lived the rest of his days. He had a son, 
distinguished as a judge, a physician and a soldier, Hon. Joseph 
D. Farnsworth, who was born at Middletown, Dec. 22, 1771. 
He went to Vermont with his father, and became one of the most 
eminent citizens of that State. He studied medicine and prac- 
ticed at Addison, Vermont ; thence he removed to Fairfield in 
that State. In 1807 he was appointed a judge, and the next year 
cliief justice, which office he held, with one year's intermission, 
until 1824. He moved to Fairfax, Vermont, where he died 
Sept, 9, 1857, He was foremost in rousing the people of 
Vermont to oppose the invasion of the British troops by the way 
of Lake Champlain in the war ot 181 2, and volunteered to lead 
them in person,* His descendants are quite numerous in north- 
western Vermont, v/here they have been for many years among 
the most prominent people. Deacon Andrew Farnsworth of 
Bakersfield, Vermont, and Andrew A. Farnsworth of Peter- 
borough, N. H., are of his stock. 

Dr. Davilla Farnsworth, probably of this stock, a native of 
Connecticut, went west and settled in Ohio about 181 2, being 
one of the very early settlers of thai State. 

•See Vennont Hist. Gazetteer, vol. 3, p. 179. 


About the year 1681 there came to this country a Quaker, who 
apparently was connected i;i some way with ti)e adventure of 
William Penn, who about the same time took a conveyance of 
Pennsylvania from the Duke of York, and with it a conveyance 
of western New Jersey. 'I'homas Farnsworth invested in a 
large tract of land in the western New Jersey purchase, at what 
is now Bordentown. His land included all, or the main part, of 
the present city of liordentown. lie spent the remainder of his 
life there, wnere he raised a large family. Some time after hij 
death his famdy sold the place to a man named Horden, who 
eventually gave to it his own name. At present the name of the 
original owner is preserved there only in the name of the prin- 
cipal street of the place, which is called Farnsworth Avenue. 
The descendants of this Thomas Farnsworth are to be found in 
Pennsylvaiiia and in the more southern States. Some account 
of this family may be found in " Bordentown and the Surround- 
ing Country," by E. M. Woodward, F.Ilisdale, Monmouth Co., 
N. J.: Trenton, N. J., McCrellish & Quigley, 1879. 

There was a Thomas P'arnsworth who, I suppose, was a de- 
scendant of Thomas of Bordentown, who in the last century was 
owner of all the south part of Staten Island, near New York, 
which he occupied as a farm. This Thomas had three .sonp, 
Daniel, Thomas and John. About 1821 Daniel moved to Buck- 
hannon, in Upshur County, Virginia, now West Virginia, and 
took with him five sons, James S., Thomas, Nathaniel, Jolui and 
Isaac, who all located in that neighborhood, where they became 
very extensive land owners, and where they had very large 
families. James S. had tiKee sons, viz.: John S., Daniel 13. '1'., 
and Moses W. Thomas had two sons, Thomas G., and Frank- 
lin. Nathaniel had seven sons, viz.: Isaac P., William D., 
Thomas Jefferson, J>eonard S. S., Calvin E., Daniel M., and 
James Jackson, and three daughters. Daniel M. served through- 
out the War of the Rebellion in the Union Army in the First 


West Virginia Light Artillery, known as the Upshur Battery ; 
and Franklin, a son of Thomas, served in the Confederate Army. 
Sarah, a daughter of Nathaniel, married Edwin Fry, who served 
for four years and six months in the Union Army, leaving the 
service at the close of the war as Colonel of the Twentieth Ohio 
Infantry Volunteers. 

Daniel D. T. Farnsworth, son of James, took a very prominent 
part in behalf of the Union at the breaking out of the Rebellion. 
He was born on Staten Island, Dec. 23, 1819, before his father 
and grandfather emigrated to Virginia. He was elected to the 
legislature of Virginia which was to meet at Richmond in i86r. 
But as he was for the Union, the war which broke out just before 
its meeting prevented his taking his seat there. But by virtue 
of that election he became a member of the convention that or- 
ganized the State government of Virginia at Wheeling, June 11, 
1861, This body authorized the formation of the new State of 
West Virginia. He was chairman of the committee appointed to 
draft an ordinance for the formation -^f the new State, and the 
ordinance was mainly drawn by him. The State of West Vir- 
ginia was thereupon admitted as a State into the Union. He 
served in the Senate of the new State for seven years, and was 
President of the Senate for two years. During his presidency 
in 1869, on the election of Gov. A. J. Borgman to the United 
States Senate, he became Governor of the State for the 
remainder of the term. 

Governor Farnsworth rendered invaluable service to the 
country during the War of the Rebellion, as it was largely due 
to his great influence that West Virginia became an organized 
political power for the defence of the Union. 

Thomas Jefferson Farnsworth, son of Nathaniel, and cousin 
to Governor Farnsworth, likewise distinguished himself as a 
leading citizen of that State, having been repeatedly elected to 
both houses of its legislature, and serving as President of the 
Senate for four years. He was recognized as an uncommonly 
able presiding officer. Both the Governor and his cousin 
Thomas Jefferson Farnsworth are large landed proprietors in 
West Virginia and follow agricultural pursuits upon a large 

Joseph Farnsworth of Dorchester, and Thomas Farnsworth of 


Bf .dcntown, with Matthias Farnsworth, whose history and de- 
scendants form the subject of this work, were, so far as is known, 
the only emigrants of the name who settled in this country prior 
to the present century ; and all those found here, except a few 
emigrants of recent date, arc their descendants. In this account 
of those bearing the name we shall hereafter be confined to the 
family of Matthias Farnsworth. 


Mathias Farnworth, as he used to write his name, a name . 
that in early times in this country was usually pronounced Far- 
noth, first appears at Lynn, Mass., where he was resident 
in 1657 ; that being the earliest date in which his name appears 
in the records. But he was probably resident there ' ome years 
before. When he came to this country, how, and with what 
family, is unknown. But that he resided there, occupied as a 
farmer, and had a farm near what is now Federal Street, on which 
he lived till 1660 or 1661, seems to be certain. He had, as ap- 
pears by the records, one child, Joseph, bo n there Nov. 17, 
1657, and another, Mary, born there Oct. 11, 1060. He probably 
moved to Groton, Mass., not far from the last date. It is un- 
certain when the fi 'st actual settlement of Groton was made. It 
was not far, probably, from 1660. The records of the trwn com- 
mence in a very brief way in 1662, though it is very likely that 
many of the settlers had moved there in the preceding year, and 
perhaps earlier. 

Matthias is first mentioned in the records at the town meeting 
held in 1664 ; but it appears by the records that he was an 
original proprietor, holding what was called a twenty-acre right, 
that in its proportional application gave him something over a 
thousand acres. But so far we have net ascertained when he 
removed from Lynn, or when he settled at Groton. We simply 
know that he had a child born to him at Lynn, Oct. 11, i66o, 
and that it appears by the town records on Nov. 27, 1664, he was 
a recognized and acting citizen of Groton. It would be inter- 
esting to know what land he owned at Lynn, how long he occu- 
pied it, and when he disposed of it and moved to Groton, and 
also what children he had born to him at Lynn, but on these 
points we have very little information. The records are very 
brief, incomplete, and obscure. 

20 AfA 7 Till A S lA KXSWOh' Til. 

So far as the records go wc have the name of only one wife, 
Mary Karr, who was {latijjhter of (icorj^c I'arr of Lynn. Mat- 
thias I'arnsworlh died in 1689, Iravinj^' a will dated Jan. 15, 1C8H- 
89, wherein he calls himself "about 77 years of age." 1 1 is wife 
survived him many years, dyin); in i7i7,and probably was much 
younger than her husband. J!ut as tiis daugliter, "Mrs. Rol)in- 
son," was probably the wife of James Robinson, of Ciroton, and 
if so was born in 1647, aiul was Matthias' eldest daughter, and 
perhaps liis eldest child ; and as his last child, Jose|)h, the second 
that he so named, was born about, certainly not earlier than, 
1678, if she was the mother of all of his children, she must have 
borne them during a period extending over thirty-one years. This 
is possiI)le, but hardly probable. He may, therefore, have mar- 
ried and lost one wife before lie niarrieil Mary I'arr. Possibly 
the reference in his will to some chance of difficulty which his 
eldest son, Matthias, Jr., might have with some of the rest of 
the family may have had its origin in the jealousy of children 
by tlifferent mothers, (leorge Farr, the father of his wife, Mary 
Farr, is named in the letter of instructions sent from the com- 
pany in London to the officials at Salem as a shipwright sent out 
by them in that business in 1629. He appears, however, to have 
given up shipbuilding very early and to have engaged as a land 
owner m farming in Lynn, near the place where Matthias Farns- 
worth had land. He had several children who survived him, 
one of whom married Nicholas Hutchins, then of Lynn, but who 
soon after the settlement of (iroton moved there and purchased 
land adjoining to that owned by Matthias Farnsworth, and lived 
upon it. 

Matthias made a power of attorney in a case pending in the 
court at Salem to one Edward Richards, who appears to have 
been an early settler at Lynn, in which he calls Richards his 
"beloved brother." This Richards' wife's Christian name was 
Ann, which, so far as we know, was not the name of any 
of (leorge Farr'n dau^literH. In what way he came to be 
••brother," perhajjh brother-in-law, to MalthiaH, in a qucHlion 
which, if ever unsucrcd, may throw some further light on the 
lalter'n origin. 

The birthplace of Matthias in England, and the time of his 
arrival in this country are, so far as I am able to a.scertain, quite 
unknown. He may have been and very likely was nearly related 


to Joseph of Dorchester ; but there is no probability that he was 
Joseph's son, as has been supposed by some. Yet the naming 
of perhaps two sons, certainly one, Joseph, has led to the belief 
that he was at least interested in the name, and that he possibly 
was a younger brother of Joseph of Dorchester. 

The first certain knowledge that we have of Matthias at 
Groton is in the memorandum of the Rev. John Fisk of Chelms- 
ford, who was a member of a church council held at Groton in 
the early part of the year 1664 to consider certain dissensions 
which probably grew out of the settlement of Rev. Mr. Willard 
as the minister of the town.* The council consisted of Major 
Simon Willard, and Rev. Joseph Rolandson of Lancaster, and 
Rev. John Fisk and John Webb, of Chelmsford, 'I'his council 
met at Groton, May 10, 1664. The record goes on to say that : 

" By reason of some uncomfortable differences that had been amongst them as 
aboute Church Government they had been hitherto hindered from jjoeinj,' on with 
that worke of Christ, of coming into a Church way to enjoy all ordinances 
amongst them they Had now resolved to lay down and bury all former difTcrentes 
amongst them, and had sent to the persons above mentioned to be as a council 
to them, to which they submitted themselves to them to be directed according to 
the Rules of God's word," &c. 

This dispute, by consent of the town, was first submitted to a 
committee of eleven persons, of whom Matthias Farnsworth — 
the name is spelled in the record, Mathias Fanmouth — was one. 
The record proceeds : 

" These 11, being called before the Council presented themselves, and being 
Minded of the greatness of ye work they were now to attend about, and som 
other things as referring to their owne spiritual comfort and peace, and the honor 
of Christ and of ye gospel, were desired to go apart and consider amongst them- 
, selves if they could agree about a way of their satisfying themselves each in 
other as to the going on together in that work, and in case of agreement to 
come to us [the council] and make report of it and of the way they had agreed 
upon, in case otherwise, to let the council understand wherein they disagreed, 
and the cause." 

It is to be noticed that this was in the year 1664, soon after 
the rcKtorution of CharlcH Jl., and when men'» mindn were very 
unMcttlcd UH to whut conNtitutcd the church, who Nhoiild be en- 
titled to admission into it, and what should be its government. 
England had striven with these questions for about a hundred 

* Green's Early Kecords of Groton, p, 189. 


years and the ^rcat rebellion, with Cromwell at its hrad, tlial 
hail been caused more by the ecclesiastical than by liic political 
questions involved in it, had just been terminated. And Mat- 
thias I'arnsworth, and his associates, who were just building: 
their log houses and clearing away the forest so as to raise grain 
for feeding their families, while Indians were prowling like 
wolves around their settlement, were troubietl with the same 
questions that had so long troubled their old home. These were 
serious men, of prayerful habits, who were in earnest al)out these 
(|ucstions, as they thought they concerned the substance of 
religion. And we fnul his neighbors antl the council both look- 
ing to Matthias and his ten associates as projicr persons to settle 
this matter for them. The first day the committee discussed the 
question together in vain. They tried twice without success. 
They adjourned to the ne.xt day, but at their first session they 
could agree no better. On another attempt they did agree upon 
what should be required of members of the church, in very gen- 
eral terms, that appear eventually to have been the basis of the 
action in ecclesiastical matters of the church and the town. At 
any rate, the council adjourned after hearing the committee's 
report without expressing any very definite opinion upon it, a 
course perhaps to be commended for its prudence.* This first 
glimpse of 'Matthias shows him to have been a man fit, in the 
estimation of his neighbors, to consider and act for them on 
the highest questions, as they thought, in which they were 

Matthias was a member of the church, and no doubt brought 
up his children in the " fear of the Lord," as all of them became 
communicants of the church ; at least all his sons did so, and 
probably all his daughters. 

The way the thoughts of the people who settled Groton were 
turned is apparent from the fact that the whole subject of the 
first town meeting, held June 23, 1662, was to determine where 
the minister's house and the meeting-hou'^e should stand. All 
matters affecting only this world were allowed to wait. 

The next view we get of him is in the same year, at the town 
meeting, Nov. 27, 1664, and this is his first appearance in the town 
records, as they now are. As those records are imperfect, some 

* Green's " Groton Records," p. 191-193. 


parts having been lost, and the doings of the town having been 
very imperfectly recorded, he may have been connected with 
some town matters before. But we find at that meeting this 
vote passed : 

Yt Mathias ffarnworth shall have forty pole of land to ce laid out agaynst 
his house next to James his broke for a building place provided [it] do not 
predgedese the hieway. 

And at the same meeting we find a record that he and four 
others, "being chosen imparcial by the town and John Lawrence 
senior to arbitrate a dispute between the above said John Law- 
rence and the town, they [that is, the arbitrators] have and do 
hereby declare yt they do thus determine, that is to say ; his pro- 
portion of land being first made good according to his grant, we 
find ye remainder to be the town's land according as it [is] now 
bounded." These records, and the fact that in the preceding 
month of May he had been made one of the committee for set- 
tling the terms of their church organization, show that he had 
both a house and residence in Groton early in 1664, and that he 
had also been there so long as to have acquired such a respect- 
able position in the judgment of his associates that they were 
ready to submit to him the consideration, both in religious snd 
business matters, of those things which were of most consequence 
to them. It seems reasonable to conclude, therefore, that he 
came to Groton with the earliest settlers in 1661 or 1662. 

The land granted to the proprietors of the town of Groton was 
shared among them in proportion to the amount contributed by 
each to' the common fund. In this distribution the largest 
amount that was allowed to be assigned to one party was a 
twenty-acre right ; though any proprietor was allowed to increase 
his proportion by purchase from the others. The whole land 
was thus supposed to be appropriated. But by this arrangement 
it came about that an acre right represented a claim to about 
forty-four acres, but the exact amount has never been deter- 
mined. A sale of these rights was held valid when approved by 
the body of the proprietors. Some of the proprietors, using the 
privilege, increased their rights beyond the twenty acre propor- 
tion by purchase from others. Matthias was an original sub- 
scriber for the full amount of twenty acres allowed by the 
organization ; and his several proportions were assigned to him, 


or to his successors to the right, frf)m time to time as divisions 
weremach. The ii[)lan(l early assigned to him for his ownership 
in severalty is tims described in tlie records : 

" !Iis house lot, ninety acres more or less, lying on both sides the mill hi;;h- 
way, lK)un(k(l on the north with the sidehiU by James his brrxik, westerly partly 
l)y Justin lloMcn and jiartly with common land and south east with the mill 
hi^;llway. The other i).trt of his land on the ea»t side of the mil! hi>:hway 
bounded with lands of Simon Stone on tljc north ami cast and on nil other 
points with the town'?* common. Six acres and a h.df, more or less, lyin^; on Hill, bounded west with the 1-nds of Jonathan Morse, and with the 
lands of John C<)f)]ier partly on the east, and common land, the (ounlry hi^jh- 
way ninninj; throuj;!) ; north with Thomas Koyden, south with the ends of the 
other lots. ICijjhtcen acrcf, more or less, bounded west with the mill road, 
south easterly with the I;inds of Paniel I'earsc, and on all other p.irts with the 
town's common. Seventy one acres, more or less, lyinjj on the other side of 
the mill ro.ul, bouniled cast with the mill road, west and southerly with the 
meadows of the mill brook, and on all other jirnnts with the town's common." 

Besides the above l:e had several lots of meadow land. The 
brook forming so conspicuous a figure in the foregoing descrij)- 
lion as " James his brook," was probably so named in conse- 
quence of its being the well known hunting ground of an Indian 
called " Jecnis " by the settlers, whose remains, tradition re- 
ports, were found after his death by the brook, near the westerly 
edge of the land thus assigned to Matthias Farnsworth. 

James' brook is said by Butler and others to have been so 
named from James Parker, who lived near the brook, before it 
entered Broad Meadow, on the Main Street. But the lower i)art 
of the brook, below the meadow a mile or more from James 
Parker'i. house was first called by that name, as if well known, 
soon after the settlement. 

The first of the lots thus described was the one ujwn which 
he built his house, and lay on both sides of the road just south- 
erly and easterly from James' brook, where it crosses the second 
time the road from Groton Centre to Ajer. That and the 
next adjoining lot was probably in part on the other side of the 
brook. The last described lot was probably much farther south, 
in the present town of Harvard, and near the I'rescott Mill. 
Perhaps it was the land on which his son Jonathan afterwards 
lived. The house built on the first described lot, stood a little 
south-ea'terly of the bridge across the brook, about where H. 
Sawtell's house stood as marked on the map of Groton in 


Butler's History of the town. It was a log house, as were the 
houses of all the other settlers. It was undoubtedly burned by 
the Indians when nearly the whole town was destroyed by them, 
March 13, 1676. He subsequently rebuilt it, and it was standing 
until about the year 1820, when it was torn down to give place 
to modern improvements, The road near it was one of the 
earliest laid out in the town and was made to connect Groton 
with Lancaster, then its nearest neighbor, and was the second 
Lancaster road, and perhaps is the one referred to in the lown 
records in 1664 which Richard Blood and John Lakin were then 
engaged in laying out, although there must have been a path 
opened there as far as the crossing of the brook somewhat 
earlier. After the road had been opened for a few years to Lan- 
caster, the town made an agreement with John Prescott to build 
a mill near where it crossed the Nonacoicus, sometimes called 
" the mill brook," within the present town of Harvard, to grind 
the people's gram, and saw their lumber, and so it soon came to 
be popularly called "the mill highway," 

In going from the first Groton meeting-house to Lancaster in 
those days one would pass along on what is now the direct way 
to the bridge over the James brook, when he would come to 
what is now the Main Street, and would pass along ♦hat street 
southerly to near where Jonas Prescott used to live, where he 
would turn to the right, passing by Prescott's blacksmith shop, 
and thence on, crossing the brook again, passing on the westerly 
side in the depression between the hills near the brook, through 
which it flowed about a mile, when he would come to a shaip 
turn of the brook to the west, and he would find the road cross- 
ing the brook again. Then climbing up on to the high land he 
would pursue his way southerly by the mill and on to Lancaster. 
It was by the last-named crossing of the brook that Matthias 
built his house ; on his land about there he made his clearing 
in the original forest ; from there he saw the Indians in 1676 
burn the most of the town ; from there he escaped with his 
family to Concord to avoid the Indians ; to that place he re- 
turned two years later, and again began his venture in the 
wilderness ; there he spent the later years of his life ; there 
several of his children were born, and there he died. 

The place selected by or assigned to him has much natural 

26 AfA T TnrA s fa rns ivor T/r. 

brauty. The land is hiph. and looked over that to the west and 
south-west, the only open way, for io the north and east, directly 
behind him, lay the Indian Hills. As the country there was 
covered by an unbroken forest, it must have appeared very 
attractive. The westerly course of the James brook from there 
to the Nashua river is through a depression between the higher 
lands to the north and south ; and beyond the Nashua it opened 
into the valley to the north-west, through which the Squanacook 
runs at the foot of the Shirley highlands into the Nashua, mak- 
ing a view of many miles of gentle loveliness, quite gratifying 
to an appreciative taste. But at the end of this view and 
beyond these valleys you look over a beautiful rise on the left 
up to the Wachuiictt mountain, and thence northerly along a 
range of blue mountains that run all the way up to the Monad- 
nock in New Hampshire. 

It would be interesting to know the sort of life passed by 
Matthias and his family in that log-house. Far from the sea 
coast, far from markets, all the clothing and the food of the 
family was the product of the land they cleared, and of their 
persistent labor. All the cloth they wore was spun, woven and 
made up by the women ; and the sheep that furnished the wool 
and the flax that was wrought into linen came from the farm. 
And amid so much toil indoors and out, he and his wife brought 
up to mature age and to be married a family of nine children, 
losing, so far as we know, only two. He was admitted and 
sworn as a freeman of the colony, May i6, 1670. 

In the year 1675 -^ ^"^^ broke out between the New England 
settlers and the Indians, known as " King Philip's War." It 
commenced June 20, 1675, at Swanzey in the County of Bristol, 
in what was then the Plymouth Colony, and soon spread so that 
many Massachusetts towns were attacked, many of the settlers 
were killed, their property was destroyed and their houses and 
other buildings were burned. Rev. William Hubbard, in his 
" Narrative of the Indian Wars," says : 

" March 2, [1676] they assaulted Groton ; the next day over night Major 
Willard with seventy horse came into town ; forty foot also came up to their relief 
from Watertown, but the Indians were all fled having first burnt all the houses 
in town save four that were garrisoned, the meeting house being the second 
house they fired. Soon after Captain Sill was sent with a small party of 
dragoons of eight files to fetch off the inhabitants of Groton, and what was left 
frcm the spoil of the enemy, having under his conduct sixty carts, being in depth 


from front to rear above two miles, when a party of Indians lyinfe in ambnsh at 
a place of eminent advantage fired upon the front and mortally wounded two of 

the first carriers, who both died the next night Soon after, this 

village was deserted, and destroyed by the enemy, yet it was a special providence 
that though the carts were guarded with so slender a convoy, yet there was not 
any considerable loss sustained." 

The next night in the narrative is probably a misprint for fort- 
night, as the final attack, when the settlers moved away, was two 
weeks after, March 17th.* It probably was on the 17th of 
March, 1676, that Matthias, with his family in one of those 
*' sixty carts," was on his way to Concord in that frightened pro- 
cession, two miles in length. The Indians were around them, 
their house was burned, the product of fifteen years' hard labor 
in the wilderness, except so much as they could take with them, 
had been abandoned ; his wife, his daughter Sarah, then grown 
up ; his son Samuel, six years old ; his daughter Abigail, five 
years old ; and his son Jonathan, an infant under a year old, 
were in the cart. That must have been a terrible time for him. 
He had with him perhaps — or more likely in the armed guard — 
his three elder sons. His daughter Mary had been sent, in an- 
ticipation of the danger, to her mother's relations at Lynn for 
safety. Tt is also likely that his son Joseph had been sent there 
somewhat earlier for the same reason, and it appears that he 
died there. What hardships and sufferings Matthias and his 
family suffered in that forced emigration, and in their residence 
at Concord, where they and all the rest of the Groton settlers 
stayed for two years, and how they lived during that time, is not 
recorded. They stayed there till the immediate danger from 
tomahawks was over, and they thought they could try their 
venture in the wilderness again. 

In the spring of 1678, when many of the original settlers had 
given up their interest in the settlement, Matthias and his family, 
including his three oldest sons, who were then of age, went back 
to the old clearing in the forest, gathered together again such 
household stuff, farm tools and stock as they had been able to 
save, rebuilt their house and commenced anew the work of life 
at the ashes of their old homestead. But they must have carried 
on their work under a constant fear of the merciless Indians, who 
some sixteen years later again fell upon the exposed settlement 
and murdered many of the settlers. 

* Butler's History of Groton, p. 81. 


Matthias filled many offices in the town, the most impor 
being that of constable and selectman. 'The office of consti 
seems to have been singularly different in its duties from 
oftirc at this time, the princ ipal duty then being the collec 
of rates or taxes for the settlement. The last time he held 
ofhcc was in 1684, when he was 72 years old. Hut he livec 
far from that part which came to be the centre of the town 
very extended or long continued execution of the duties of t 
office must have been very difficult for him. He seems to \ 
been one of those strong men who naturally draw others aro 
them. Justinian Holden took land and built a house near 1 
Nicholas Hutchins, who married his wife's sister, sold out 
property at Lynn and bought land adjoining to his on the sc 
and settled upon it. Simon Stone, afterwards known as Dea 
Stone, came from Watertown, bought land adjoining his, 
married his daughter Sarah. Anil Jolin Stone, brother to Dea 
Simon, also came and bought land near by. These two Stc 
were the ancestors of very numerous families of desccnila 
now scattered throughout the country. He was not a Icar 
man ; none of the pioneers at (Iroton wert so ; but lie hai 
much education as the people of his time of the middle c 
usually had. It has been said that he signed his will 1 
a mark, and that perhaps he could not write. But his will 
evidently made only a short lime before his death, when he 
doubtless disabled by sickness, pnd there are in existence reci 
and returns made and signed by him, and as he fdled the o 
of constable several years and was tax collector by virtue of 
office, he must necessarily have been able to write sufficient! 
keep accounts. It is to be hoped that his orthography was 
worse than that of some of those who kept the records of 

On the 1 2th day of January, 1688-9, lie was on his death 
and took care to provide for his affairs in the world whicl 
was about leaving. He called to his assistance his friend J( 
Prescott, and dictated his will, which was put in writing probi 
by Prescott, and he soon afterwards died. The day of his d( 
is not known, though as it appears that his inventory was ta 
Feb. 4, 1688-9, twenty-three days after the date of the will, 
certain that he died within that time. The will was proved 1 
17, 1689, and is as follows : 


Groton jenewarey 15th, 1688-9 and in the 4 year of the Rain of King Jams 
the sacond I mathyas farnworth sen of groton in the coiinty of midisix in new 
ingland aged about 77 yers being wall considrat and of sound and parfit Judg- 
ment and understanding thanks be to god for it I being sensabl of my many 
frailtyes & unsartanty of my natueral lif and knowing what disadvantag many , 
times hapens for want of a Right sating the hous in order being desiras to act 
and satl things that consarns me doc mak conshans and doe daclare this prasent 
instrement to be my last will and tastement in manar and form as foloweth mak- 
ing void all formar wills ather by word or dead but first I Commit my soul to 
all myty god my Greater hoping I shal Rasave full pardon of all my sins throw 
Jasus Christ and I commit my bodey to the earth from whans it was taken to 
be beured in such deasant manar as my exsecters shall see meet and 

1. first to the distrebiting my estat I doe give to my beloved wif so long as 
she lives a widow won third of my whol astat and the moveabis within the hous 
I doe lave to hur to 

2. daspoe as shee pleases and sacondly I doe gave to my son mathyas farn- 
worth for his full porshan thp.t five akker Right which his deed spasefyes and a 
peese of madow called by the name of half moon madow and twanty akekers of 
land lying neer a plase called by the nam of Prascots olde mill and this to be 
counted to be his full porshan unlass he meets with malistation by any relations 
of his and if so then I will and give to my son mathyas my hom stall that I now 
dwall upon with hous and barn and that bom stall that my son mathyas now 
lives on to Raturn in seed thare of 

3. and thirdly I give to my son John farnworth that five akar Right that his 
deed spasefyes and tan shilins more to be payed of the astat for his full 

4. fourthly I give to my son bangeman farnworth that part of my land lying 
on the out side of my hom stallfans at the lower end of the lot and twanty ake- 
kers at the plas near prescotts old mill and six akkers of madow lying at south 
madow and this for his porshan. 

5. fiftly for my son samewall & Jonathan farnworth I doe give the Rast of 
my land and madow that is undisposed on lying at the old mill for thare 

and I give my daughter Robison won cow and to my daughter thacher I give 
twenty shilins and to my daughter Stoon won cow and twanty shilins and to my 
daughter abigall farnworth twalve pound for her porshan and as to the Rast of 
my eastat undasposed of I leave in the hand of my exsectters to daspose of to 
my wif or children as thay think to be most Rason I mak Cbois of my son 
Mathyas farnworth with nathaniel lawrins sen and Jonas Prescott for exsackten 
this taken from his cwn mouth syned and sealed in the prasants of us 





30 AfA T Tin A S FA RNS IVOR Til. 


also I give my loam and lacklins for waving to my son Mathyas farnworth. 

17, 1^)89 Charlcstowne. 

Nathanll I.arrancc & Jonas Trcscott appearing in Court made oath yt thry 
were present when Mathias fTarnworth I )eccd signed scaled and published 
this as hin last will & Testament, and yt he was of sound judgment and of dis- 
poseing minde when he did ye same and yt they sett theire hand* there to as 
witnesses with Nicholas Hutchins. 


The inventory filed is as follows : 

Imps. Wearing apparel 2 too 

Hedding 4»5 

Linen « 02 o 

Pewter 05 o 

IJrass and iron \b o 

Chests, (hairs and tables 12 o 

Meat and tubs I 02 O 

Hooks 12 o 

Cyder and barrels l 10 o 

Yarn, linen and woolen i 00 o 

Loom and tacklin 2000 

Indian corn, thrashed an in ear — tobacco 3 10 o 

Rye, thrashed and unthrashed and barley 2 06 o 

Oats thrashed 04 o 

House and bam and homestall within fence 48 ckd o 

Homeland without fence 3000 

Outlands and uplands 2 100 

Meadows 12 00 o 

A very old horse 100 

A yoke of oxen, small oxen 5 00 o 

Four cows 7000 

Two young cattle I 100 

Eight sheep and lambs i 10 o 

A sow and pigs i 100 

A cart plow and furniture I 08 o 

Axes, hoes, betle and wedges, sieves, sickles, spade, trammel, longs, 

old and impaired 15 O 

, Lumber 100 

Debts due from the estate to several i 19 10 

Debts due to 'he estate from several I 04 o 

Also to the estate in hemp and flax 05 o 

Hay in the barn 1 00 o 

Feb. 4. i08| at Groton, considered and appraised according to our best 


apprehension as witness our hands being desired thereto by the owners and 
parties herein concerned. 






This inventory is interesting in that it shows the property that 
a man so well along in life as Matthias could, by the assistance 
of his family, succeed in accumulating in the wilderness, sur- 
rounded by savages, and who but a few years before had seen 
his homestead destroyed and had been compelled to leave it a 
fugitive and pass two years at Concord. His wife survived him 
many years. She appears to have been a householder in 1692, 
when the garrisons were formed for the common defence. Prob- 
ably she continued to keep house for many years at the old 
homestead. In the latter part of her life she seems to have 
made her home with her son Samuel, who perhaps took charge 
of the homestead before he moved to Lunenburg. She made 
her will, which is dated Dec. 5, 1716, and was proved March 7, 
1717, so that she must have died between those dates, but the 
exact time is unknown. Her will is as follows : 

In the name of God Amen the fifth Day of December 1716: Mary ffamworth 
widow of Mathias ffamworth of Groaton in the Coui.tey of middlsix in the prov- 
ence of the masachusets bay in New England Deceased Beeing very sick and 
week in boddy but of Parfit mind and memory Thanks be given unto God for it: 
therfore calling unto minde the mortality of my bodey and knowing that is 
Appointed for all men once to Dye : Do make and ordain this my last will and 
testament, that is to say, principally, and first of all i Give and Recomend my 
soul into the hands of God that gave it : and my body I Recomend to the Earth 
to be buried in Decent Condition buiriall at the Discretion of my Executor 
nothing Doubting but at the General Resurection I shall Reseaume the same 
again by the mighty pouerof god. And as touching such worldly Estate wheare 
with it hast plesed god to bless me in this life I give Demise and Dispose of the 
same in the following maner— And form : Imprimis : I give to my well beeloved 
son Benjamin ffamworth sixteen pounds payd for him to Justinian holdin for 
land in the year 1688. And the year folowing one years bord which is ten 
pounds. And one acre of medow leying in the South medow which shall lie 
ajoyning to the six acors willed to him by his father Mathyas ffamworth 
Deceased. Item I Give to my well Beloved son samuci ffamworth whom I ere- 
ate constitute mak and ordain my sole Executor of this my last will and tesu- 
ment all and singular my Gre*t Bible to gather with my household goods Debu 

82 Af.4 T Tin A S FA RI^S I VOR Tlf. 

and moveable efects by him freely to bee posescd and injoycd. And I doe he«r 
By ulcrly Disalow Revoke and Disanull all and Every other testaments wills 
legases and becqucsts And K.TCcutors by mee in aney ways beeforenamed 
written and lU-iiiic.ithcd Katifyin;; and Confirming; this and now other to bee 
my last will and tcstcmcnl in witncs whereof I have here unto set my band and 
■ealc the day and year Above written. 

Uythe said Mary ffarnworth as her last 
will and tcsicmcnt in the presents of us 
the subscribers. 


Iler mark. 


The will is apparently in the handwriting of Daniel Farns- 
worth, and the signature is the writing of Ephraim Sawtell. This 
will seems to have been made after consultation with the family. 
Her grandson, Deacon Daniel Farnsworth, son of John, was one 
of the witnesses, and her daughter Mary's husband, Samuel 
Thatcher, who had come up from Watertown to see her in her 
old age and last sickness, is another. Her mention of her 
"great Bible," perhaps her whole library, which she gives to her 
son Samuel, with whom she lived, as her last blessing, gives a 
view of her simple faith that should be appreciated by her 



Matthias Farnsworth probably names all his children living 
at the time when he made his will in the order of their birth, 
except that he names all the sons together and all the daughters 
together. His oldest child was probably Elizabeth, who married 
James Robinson, Jan. i6, 1667. Her death is entered as occur- 
ring "December 22, 1729, aged 82 years." She was, therefore, 
born about 1647. James Robinson lived north of the present 
village of Groton. He was an original proprietor in the town- 
ship, and had a seven-acre right therein. So far as the records 
show, Elizabeth Robinson had but one child, Elizabeth, born 
Oct. 3, 1668, who married William Lakin, of Groton, Jan. 4, 
1685. He was the son of that William Lakin who was one of 
the original proprietors of Groton, and great grandson of 
William Lakin who died there in 1672, aged 90 or 91 years. 
The William who married Elizabeth Robinson lived not far from 
the new Groton cemetery. His house is said to have been for- 
tified for defense against Indians. At the time of the attack 
upon the town by them in 1694, when they murdered many of 
the inhabitants, it is said they assaulted his house, but that the 
attack was successfully resisted, William Lakin and Elizabeth 
Robinson had the following children : 

1. William, born Sept. 2, 1686 ; died April 14, 1753. 

2. Hannah, born Feb, 6, 1694, 

3. Lydia, born Jan. 14, 1697 ; married Captain Jonathan Shcple, Dec. a6, 
1723. She died Oct. 10, 1747, Captain Jonathan Sheple was a prominent 
and highly respected citizen, and was the ancestor of many persons who have 
acquired distinction, 

4. John, bom March 31, 1700 ; married Lydia Parker, Oct. 27, 1729, and 
died Jan. 16, 1770. 

5. Isaac, bom Dec, 11, 1702 ; married Elizabeth Sbattack, Jan, 2, 1726, 

The descendants of this family are very numerous, and are 
scattered throughout the country. 


Matthias Farnsworth's second child was probably Matthias, Jr. 
Although we tlo not know the tiate and place of his birth, 
he was apparently younger than his sister Elizabeth, and 
probably was born about 1649. He married Sarah Nutting, 
daughter of John and Sarah Nutting, who was born March 11, 
1663. As the town records show that they had a son Joseph, 
born Jan. 17, 1682, he may have been married early in the year 
1681, but probably not much earlier, as she was then but 
eighteen years old. John Nutting, her father, was an original 
proi)riet()r of the town, holding a seventeen-acre right, and 
lived directly north of the place where James' brook crosses the 
Groton Main Street, His house was near the brook, and was 
one of the most ancient of the garrisons of the town, and not 
very far from the garrisoned house of Captain James Parker on 
the southerly side of the brook. 

It is not certain where Matthias, Jr., lived, but the uniform 
tradition has been that he built a house and lived in it about a 
quarter of a mile southerly from his father's on the same side of 
the way toward "the mill." A Matthias Farnsworth was living 
there about 1830, and it used to be said that it had been occu- 
pied by one of that name from Matthias Farnsworth, Jr., down. 
Matthias, Jr., probably continued to reside at the place described 
until his death, which took place about four years after that of 
his father, probably in the year 1693, and it about the age of 
forty-four years. There is much uncertainty as to the exact 
time. His widow Sarah was appointed administratrix of his 
estate, Dec. 6, 1698, but the inventory bears date Nov. 8, 1693, 
before which time he must have died. And he must have been 
alive March 17, 1692, when it appears by the records that he 
was assigned to the Farnsworth garrison then organized for de- 
fense against the Indians. His death undoubtedly occurred 
during the disturbances caused by the Indian wars, perhaps in 
consecjuence of them ; and it is quite probable that the invent- 



ory was made soon after his death, which, in that case, occurred 
not long before Nov. 8, 1693. 

Sarah, his widow, caused the inventory of his property to be 
made, but she did nothing further with it until Dec. 6, 1698, 
when she applied for appointment as administratrix of his estate. 
She was thereupon appointed, and Deacon Simon Stone, and his 
brother John Stone, to whom she was married ten days later, 
were the sureties upon her bond. The appointment was made, 
the inventory was filed, and her final account was presented and 
allowed, all on the same day. The settlement of the estate was 
doubtless made at that time in anticipation of her marriage with 
John Stone, which took place at Concord, Dec. 16, 1698. By 
John Stone she had at least two children, John, Jr., born Sept. 
23, 1699, and James, born Jan. 23 1701. Both of them lived to 
be married and to have largi families. James was a deacon in 
the church at Groton. 

Matthias, Jr., did not live long enough to display his personal 
qualities so that they can be distinguished very clearly ; but he 
held several town offices, and appears to have been a man of 
ability. He served under Major Willard in King Philip's War 
in 1675 in an expedition to Brookfield. His children, so far as 
can be learned by the records, which are very obscure and brief, 
are as follows : 

1. Joseph, born Jan. 7, 1682 ; died Feb. 2, 1682. 

2. Ebenezer, date of birth unknown ; married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Joshua and Abigail [Tarbell] Whitney, April 17, 
1707. They " owned the Covenant," Sept. 19, 1708 ; she 
"united with the Church," April 6, 1718, and he did so March 
3, 1724. They had eight children, and their descendants are 
very numerous. His eldest son, Matthias, born Sept. 20, 1709, 
was three times married, left a large posterity, and died in 1796, 
aged 87. His son William, born August 4, 1714, married Ruth, 
daughter of Gershom and Lydia [Nutting] Hobart, and grand- 
daughter of Rev. Gershom Hobart, long time minister of the 
church in Groton. This Lydia Nutting, wife of Gershom 
Hobart, Jr., was daughter of James and Lydia [Jungly] Nutting, 
and Lydia Longley was daughter of William and Joanna [Goffe] 
Longley ; Joanna Goffe was sister to Thomas Goffe, a Londoij 
merchant, for some time Deputy-Governor of the Massachu.setts 


86 AfA TTIIIA S FA R^fSWQR Til, JR. , 

Bay Company in London, ')cf{jre it was brouglit over to -America, 
and who declined the oflice in orilcr that a governor should be 
chosen who could go to America with the Company. WilMam 
Farnsworth was a volunteer in the expedition sent by the 
Colonial authorities against the French in Louisburg in 1745, 
and lost his life in it, leaving four young children, the youngest 
of whom was born June 2, 1745, not far from the time of his 
own death. He has many descendants scattered through the 
country, chiefly in western Massachusetts and New York, and 
from thence on through the West. 

This William had a son William, born Dec. 27, 1737, who 
married Hepzibah Chandler, and livetl in Hawley, Mass. He 
was a soldier in the " French and hulian War." He lived for a 
time at Hawley and at Conway, in Massachusetts. He was dur- 
ing his long life remarkable for his retentive memory, and also 
for an abundance of wit and humor. He lived to be about one 
hundred years old, and died in 1837. He had nine children who 
lived to be married. One of them, also named William, born 
Nov. 15, 1766, married Deborah Rogers, about 1790, lived some 
time in Hawley, and then moved into Madison County, New 
York. He had a large family born in Hawley. Sarah, one of 
his daughters, married Rev. W. Adams, and lived at Painesville, 
O., Marshall Look, graduated at Union College in 
1825, was a teacher for many years at Norwich, Conn., and else- 
where, and became a minister in the Congregational Church. 
He was born March 12, 1798, and married Joanna B. Gosman, 
June 20, 1830, and died Nov. 27, 1838. He had a son, Jonathan 
Gosman Farnsworth, born Jan. 21, 1832, who was for several 
years Adjutant-General of the State of New York. He entered 
the army in the War of the Rebellion, was appointed Lieutenant- 
Colonel, and made Quartermaster of the Fourth Army Corps. 
He served in that capacity in the Army of the Potomac during 
1862 and 1863. In 1863 and 1864 he accompanied the Quarter- 
maoter-General of the army through a long inspection tour. In 
1864 and 1865, to the close of the war, he was Chief Quarter- 
master of the Department of West Virginia. He was an able 
and very efficient officer. The following account of him is 
taken from the " Public Service, State of New York," published 
by O.sgood &r. Co. in 1883 : 



Major-General Farnsworth, Adjutant-General of the State of New York, 
was born at Elmira, Chemung County, New York, January 21, 1832. He is a 
son of the late Rev. Marshall L. Farnsworth and Joanna B. Gosman. His 
paternal ancestors were among the earliest arrivals of the Tilgrim Fathers in 
Massachusetts. His mother was descended from the earliest Dutch settlers of 
New York, coming in a direct line from Rev. Laurentius Van Gaasbceck, the 
first clergyman of the New Netherlands. His education was mainly obtained 
at the Ithaca and Albany Academies, supplemented by a year's study at Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts. For many years he has been engaged in the wholesale 
lumber business at Albany, N. Y., as a member of the firm of J. O. Towner & 
Company. In politics General Farnsworth is a Democrat. On May i, 1878, 
he was appointed one of the Commissioners of Washington Park in the City of 
Albany, and still serves as such, his term not expiring until May i, 1887. 
General Famsworth's army service during the War of the Rebellion was notable 
and brilliant. He was appointed Captain and Assistant Quartermaster of 
United States Volunteers by President Lincoln, April 14, 1862, and assigned to 
duty in the Army of the Potomac at White House, Virginia, during May 
and June of that year. From July, 1862, until August, 1863, he was Chief 
Quartermaster of the Fourth Army Corps, Major-General E. D. Keyes, com- 
manding. He accompanied General M. C. Meigs, Quartermaster General of 
the United States Army, on an inspection tour from August, 1863, until Janu- 
ary, 1864, and was with him at Chattanooga during the siege and its closing 
scenes, including the battles of Mission Ridge and Lookout Mountain. He 
was in charge of the Quartermaster's Department at Wheeling, the principal 
supply depot of the Department of West Virginia, from Febniary, 1864, o 
November, 1864, and was Chief Quartermaster of the Dcp.-vrtment of We:K 
Virginia, with headquarters at Cumberland, Maryland, from November, 1864, 
to September, 1865. He was mustered out of the United Spates Service on his 
own application, October 23, 1865. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted 
Major, Lieutefaant-Colon«I and Colonel. From September 21, 1868, until 
July 29, 1871, he was Colonel Commanding the Tenth Regiment, National 
Guard of the State of New York, located in the City of Albany. He was ap- 
pointed Adjutant-General of the State of New York by Governor Cleveland on 
the first of January, 1883. 

Charles, son of the last-named William, studied medicine and 
moved to Michigan, where he practiced his profession. 

Thomas Swift, another son of the last-named William, grad- 
uated at Union College in 1838, engaged in mercantile pursuits 
at Albany, N. Y.; but died very early in 1845. 

Chandler, a brother of the last William, born Nov. 25, 1782, 
went West and settled in Michigan, where he had a family of 
seven children. One of them, Rev. Calvin Farnsworth, was a 

38 MAT Tin A S FA RNS IVOR Til, JR. . 

Baptist minister, settled for a considerable time at Spring Valley, 

Abij^ail, a daii;;hter of Kbcnezcr and grand-daiiglucr of 
Matthias, Jr., born April 2, 17 18, married Deacon David IJbjoil 
of Peppercll, May i, 1740, and had eleven children. Her de- 
scendants are very numerous and rcsj)ectable and arc scattered 
Ihronj^hoiit the country. 

Kezia, another daughter of Ebcnezer, married Jonathan 
Shatluck, Jr., of Pcpperell, and had eight children. Two of her 
sons, Joshua and Joel, lost their lives in the Revolutionary War. 

I,y(lia, another daughf jr of Ebcnezer, married Jonaliian Tar- 
bc-ll, ami had four sons, the ancestors of a very numerouu and 
respectable family. 

Kbenezer had a grandson Kbenezer, who had three sf)ns, 
Harbour, Kbenezer and ICdmund, all of .whom moved into New 
Hampshire. Harbour, so called from having been born in a 
boat in Boston harbor, June 10, 1756, married T.ucy Hale of 
Harvard, and lived at Stoddard, N. H. A son of this Harbour, 
who, continuing the family name, was called Ebenezer, born 
Nov. 7, 1790, went about 1S36 to Detroit, then considered in 
the extreme West, and established the shoe business. His son, 
Leander Lewis, and his grandsons, Frederick Eugene, Frank 
Hickey and Charles Lewis, still continue the business as "Farns- 
worth's Shoe House." 

3. JosiAH, born Feb. 24, 1687. He probably married ^L'lry, 
daughter of John and Mary Green, and widow of Jonathan 
Nutting, June i, 1710, but I know of no children by that mar- 
riage. She died, and he married Mary, daughter of Ephraim 
and Mary Pierce, March, 1720, and died in September, 1744. 
By hi i wife Mary Pierce he had ten children. 

Ebenezer, one of the sons of Josiah, born March 22, 1726, 
married Sarah Walker, who died in 1807, aged 82. He moved 
to Charlestown, N. H., in 1751, where he joined the settlement 
then recently made there under the lead of Samuel, David and 
Stephen Farnsworth, sons of Samuel Farnsworth, and grandsons 
of Matthias Farnsworth, Senior. These sons of Samuel, and 
their settlement of Charlestown, then called " No. 4," I shall 
have occasion to speak of farther on. These kinsmen of Eben- 
ezer had gone to Charlestown, then an extreme frontier town, a 
few years before, in 1740. In August, 1754, a raid was made 


by Indians on the settlement, urged on probably by the French, 
who were then at war with England, and Ebenezer was taken 
prisoner by them. He with several others, including Mrs. James 
Johnson, who afterwards wrote and published a narrative of her 
captivity and sufferings, were taken by the Indians to the French 
at Montreal, and afterwards to Quebec. From there he was 
taken to England, whence he was sent home. After his return 
he joined in an expedition that was sent against Canada during 
the war with France, and helped to take Isle Aux Noix, St, 
Johns, and Montreal. Still later, in the Revolutionary War, he 
was in the army that made the attack on the same places then 
held by the English. The pathetic story of Mrs. Johnson, who 
was carried off by the Indians in 1754, was for nearly a century 
to be found in almost every border cabin in New England. The 
children of this Ebenezer nearly all went, soon after the close of 
the Revolutionary War, tradition locates it about 1786, to 
Halifax in the north-western part of Vermont. There they 
cleared away the f crest and organized a town. Two of his sons 
soon afterwards sold out to their two brothers, and went to 
Westford, in Chittenden County, and commenced the settlement 
of that place. Levi, one of them, was moderator of the first 
town meeting held there, and was for many years a Justice of 
the Peace. The descendants of these early settlers of Halifax 
and Westford are very numerous, and although many remain 
there, many more are to be found scattered through the West, 
into which, as it has opened, all branches of the family have 

One of the grandsons of Levi, of Westford, is Dr. Philo Judson 
Farnsworth, who was born at Westford, Jan. 9, 1832, graduated 
at Vermont University in 1854, studied Medicine and took the 
degree of M. D. there in 1858, and subsequently at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons in New York in i860. He moved 
West and practiced his profession at Clinton, Iowa, and in 1870 
he was elected professor of materia medica and diseases of 
children in the University of Iowa, which position he now holds. 
He has been a considerable writer for medical journals, and he 
has published a course of lectures on the materia medica. His 
brother Henry S. Farnsworth, also studied medicine and is as- 
sociated with Sim as a partner at Clinton. 

Asahsl, the oldest son of Levi, lived at Westford. He was 


born April 25, 1787. He was in the army diirin;^ the war of 
iHij with Knis'iaiitl, and was present at the battle of riatlshurg. 
Ho had a j;randson, Jay Talmer Farnsworth, engaged in mer- 
cantile business at Topcka, Kansas, and many other descendants 
are scattered through the West. 

Ebenczer, the son of Josiah, had a son Kbcnczcr, born July 
12, 1765, who married Olive Hayden. He lived at Charlestown, 
N. H. There he had born a son Scth, June 4, 1795, who gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College in 1822, studied theology, was 
ordained minister of the Orthodox Congregational Church in 
Raymond, N. H., October 3, 1824 ; he left there in 1834 and 
was installed over the church in Hillsborough. N. H., in 1836, 
where he remained until his death, March 26, 1837. He was a 
very much respected minister of that denomination. 

Captain James I'"arnsworth, another son of Josiah, grandson 
of Matthias, Jr., was l)orn Dec. 2, 1727, and went with his 
brother Kbenezer, as before stated, to Charlestown, N. H., about 
1751, and joined his fortunes with that settlement. He was a 
man of very superior ability. Although well along in life at the 
breaking out of the Revolutionary War, he offered his services 
in it and was made a Captain. Years had not diminished his 
vigor, and he did good service in the field. 

Thomas, another son of Josiah, born April i, 1731, after 
marrying Elizabeth Tuttle, at Littleton, Mass., lived some time 
at Lunenburg, .NLiss., and then joined the party that settled New 
Ipswich, N. H., where he spent the remainder of his days. He 
had eleven children who lived to mature age, and his descend- 
ants are very numerous and widely scattered. His son Moses 
served in the Revolutionary War. Moses married Annie Wilson 
of Alstead, N. H., and in the latter part of his life he moved to 
Sugar Grove, Penn., where he died Oct. 23, 1837. A grandson 
of Moses, Rev. Wilson Amos Farnsworth, D. D., was born at 
Green, in New York, Aug. 29, 1822, graduated at Middlebury 
College in 1848, studied theology at Andover, where he took 
the degree of B. D. in 1852, was ordained to the Congregational 
ministry as a missionary at Thetford, Vt., Oct. 21, 1852, and 
went as a missionary of the American Board of Commissioners 
of Foreign Missions to Caisarea in Asia Minor, where he has 
ever since remained, one of the most respected and trusted mis- 
sionaries of that society. One of his daughters, Carrie Palmer, 


born at Coesarea, Nov. 27, 1854, married Rev. James L. Fowle, 
another missionary of the American Board at the same place, 
and renders him valuable assistance in his civilizing and 
Christianizing work there. John Wilson Farnsworth, another 
grandson of the last-named Moses, born Jan. 24, 1829, married 
Nancy A. Jacobs, March 4, 1858, engaged in mercantile affairs 
and lives at Topeka, Kan. He is a highly respected citizen and 
has represented the Diocese of Kansas in the General Conven- 
tions of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

The above-named Thomas had a daughter Hannah, who 
married Abijah Stone of St. Albans, Vt., Aug. 4, 1785. She had 
a daughter who became the wife of Hon. Jacob Collamer, an 
eminent citizen of Vermont, who for many years represented 
that State in the United States Senate. 

The youngest son of Thomas was Jonathan, born Aug. 12, 
1774, who married Olive Kingsbury. He and his wife were 
probably born at Alstead, N. H., but they moved to and lived at 
Potsdam, N. Y. He had eleven children, who are widely 
scattered over the country, though they were all, or nearly all, 
born before his removal from New Hampshire. Jonathan's 
daughter, Philana, born Sept. 15, 1807, married Alpheus Kil- 
bourn, June 13, 1826, and had one son, Hallet Kilbourn, the well- 
known journalist, and long editor of the Washington Critic , a 
daily evening newspaper published at Washington, D. C. Jon- 
athan's youngest daughter, Mary Jane, married Hopkins A. 
Reed, Oct. 29, 1853, and they had one child, Henry L. Reed, 
who holds the very responsible office of Assistant General 
Manager of the Crown Point Iron Company, at Crown Point, 
N. Y. 

4. Matihias. The fourth known child of Matthias, Jr., was 

Matthias, born Aug. 6, 1690. About 1704, probably in August 

of that year, he was taken prisoner by Indians and carried to 

Canada, where he was delivered to the French. There is 

nothing in the Groton records showing when or how he was 

captured. He was long supposed to be dead, but after some 

time his name appeared in a list of prisoners in the hands of the 

French in Canada. For more than twenty years after this young 

man's birth the colony was subject to Indian raids and to the 

loss of children, for the capture of which the Indians seemed to 

have a peculiar fancy, — perhaps led to it by finding a better 

42 AM T Tin A S FA A'A'S irOA' TIf, JR. . 

market for them amonjj the French than they did for adults. 
It was during' that time that the children of \ViIliam Lonj,'ley 
and Thomas Tarbell were carried off. By the parish records of 
Montreal it appears that he was baptized into the Roman 
Catholic Church there, and the record, as made in French, gives 
his name as Matthias Claude Farnet. The name Claude seems 
to have been given him by his godfather, Claude de Rameray, 
who was probably a gentleman connected with the government, 
then under the dominion of the French King. The name Far- 
tut is the approximate spelling by the French authorities of the 
name, doubtless pronounced Farnoth by the young prisoner. He 
was naturalized at Montreal, and he married, as appears by the 
records, Catherine Charpentier, by whom he had nine children. 
Although they can be identified with very little uncertainty, the 
name has been by the church authorities of that region most 
marvellously varied. Voung Matthias, about fourteen years old 
when carried off, had probably ac(iuired the rudiments of an 
English education ; but he evidently soon fell into an association 
of French that had little, if any, education of any kind. So the 
parish authorities, as the children were baptized and married, 
spelled the name as each one fancied ; and they give us " Far- 
net," "Farnef," " Tharnef," and " Phaneuf." His descendants, 
under these transformations of the name, are very numerous, 
and some of them are to be found among the P'rcnch Canadian 
emigrants into the United States. 

There may have been, and prijbably were, more children of 
Matthias, Jr., than have been named here ; but the troubled 
times in which he lived, the difficulties under which records were 
kept, and the imperfection of those that were kept, leave us in 
much doubt about them. He is supposed to have had a daughter 
Sarah, of whom nothing at present is certainly known. I think 
the presumption is that he had such a daughter, and that she 
married Jonathan Shed of Groton, although Butler's History of 
Groton is an authority to the contrary. And it is not unlikely 
that the Rebecca Farnsworth who was drowned in a well at 
Watertown in 1692, as recorded in Bond's History of that town, 
was a daughter of Matthias, sent to her Aunt Thatcher for 
safety against Indian raids, and on account of the distressed con- 
dition of the people of Groton. 

The forcible and energetic character of Matthias Farnsworth's 


two sons, Ebenezer and Josiah, shows that the stock from which 
they sprung was strong and vigorous, and that the training and 
discipline which they got from the family surroundings were 
such as make efficient men. Were it otherwise, two such boys, 
left fatherless at from six to eight years old in the wilderness 
into which in 1694, about a year later, came the terrible Indian 
invasion, when many of the people of Groton were killed, and 
many homesteads were burned, and where for a long time all 
the people lived in armed garrisons, would hardly have turned 
out as well as they did. 


The scCi)tul son and third child of Matthias I'ariisworth was 
John, the date and phice of wliosc birth arc unknown ; but he 
was probably born about 1651. He was in j^cneral estimation 
the ablest, as he certainly was the most pro:nincnt, of Matthias' 
sons. He married Hannah, dau^diter of John and Sarah [Kliot] 
Aldis of Dedham, Dec. 8, 1686. She was grand-daughter of 
Philip Eliot, who was brother of Rev. John Eliot, known as the 
"Apostle to the Indians." John built a house and lived on the 
place in the southerly part of Oroton now owned by Nathan F. 
Culver, and formerly known as ihe " Major Moors place." It 
is marked " B. Moors" on Butler's map of Groton. He was a 
man of great force of character, and was held in such high 
esteem by his fellow townsmen that he was, after he arrived at a 
suitable age, almost continually as long as he lived in public 
office. From 1709 to 1715 he was a deacon in the church. For 
many years he was one of the selectmen, and he represented the 
town m the Colonial Legislature in the years 1709, 1710, 17 12 
and 1 7 13. In 1689, at a time of great public distress, he uniteii 
with Josiah and James Parker and Jonas Prescott to buy grain 
from the town's people for money, so as to enable them to pay 
their taxes. He also filled many other offices of influence and 
importance. Very early, perhaps about 1680 or 1690, he built a 
mill, it may be in connection with one John Page, on his lanil 
lying by James' brook, a little east from where the road, passing 
by the " B. Moors " place, crosses the brook. The remains of 
the old dam are still visible, though the mill itself has not been 
in existence for one hundred and fifty years, or more ; perhaps 
not since the time when he sold it to Abraham, the grandfather 
of Benjamin Moors, Feb. S, 1717. In his deed to Moors he 
calls it an " old saw mill," and conveys three quarter parts of it. 
His will is dated Oct. 13, 1729, and he died on the 17th day of 
the same month. John Farnsworth and his wife Hannah Aldis 
had the following children : 


1. Abigail, born Oct. 17, 1687. She married Captain 
Ephraim Sawtell, April 10, 17 13, at Concord. They lived at 
Groton and had seven children. She died Dec. 4, 1753. 

2. John, born Dec. i, 1689, and died Sept. 19, 1703. 

3. Daniel, born May 11, 1692, and married Abigail, widow 
of Daniel Shed of Groton, Oct. 20, 1725, but had no children. 
He was chosen deacon of the church in Groton, May 14, 1729, 
and died Jan. 27, 1775. 

4. Nathan, born March 13, 1696, was never married, and 
died Aug. 4, 1753. 

5. Joseph, born Feb, 26, 1698. He married Rebecca, 
daughter of Thomas and Rebecca [Gates] Gibson of Sudbury, 
at Concord, May 4, 1727, and had three children. He died in 

6. Jeremiah, born March 24, 1701, married Sarah, probably 
daughter of John Gilson of Groton, Jan. 18, 1728; had two 
children, and died Nov. 25, 1731. His eldest daughter, Hannah, 
born March 26, 1729, married Isaac Willard of Charlestown, 
March 31, 1748, and her descendants are very numerous. 

7. Hannah, born July 21, 1702, and married Ebenezer Pres- 
cott of Groton, May 24, 1721. She had eight children, and her 
descendants are very numerous. 

8. Rachel, born Dec. 8, 1704 ; married Ebenezer Hartwell 
of Concord, Aug. 24, 1727. 

9. Sarah, born Nov. 20, 1707 ; married Samuel Hartwell of 
Groton about 1732. She had one daughter, Sarah, born May 
29, 1733, who married Job Shattuck, May 25, 1758. Her hus- 
band was the well-known leader in the *' Shays Rebellion," for 
which he was tried and condemned to be hung, but was after- 
wards pardoned. He was a very able man, but like many others 
made a great mistake in the course he took. She had nine 
children by him, and died May 5, 1798. 

It is remarkable that though John Farnsworth had five sons, 
three of whom lived to be married, he had but one grandson, 
and that one died in childhood ; so that there are no descend- 
ants of his bearing the name of Farnsworth. 


The third son and probably the fourth child of Matthias was 
l?enjamin, the date and place of whose birth arc unknown. 
There is reason to believe that he was born at Lynn about 
1653, and he is probably the " Bengiman," surname blank, num- 
bered 43 in the list of settlers who had returned from Concord 
to Groton after the town was burned by the Indians in 1676, as 
the list appears in Green's " Early Records of Groton," p. 70. 
If that name was for Henjamin Karnsworth, it is the first time 
it appears in the records. The list was made about 1680 or 
1681. In 1695 he married Mary, eldest daughter of Jonas 
I'rescott, who was born I''eb. 3, 1674. 

Jonas Prcscott was son of John and Mary [I'latts] Trescott.* 
John I'rescott was born in Knghuid and came to America in 
1640. He settled first at Watertown and afterwards removed to 
Lancaster. He was an heroic figure in the early history of 
Lancaster and Groton, and would have undoubtedly attained 
great distinction if it had been his fortune to occupy a more 
prominent position in the world's affairs. Of a commanding 
figure, especially when it was incased in the plate armor which 
he sometimes wore in his dealings with the Indians, he impressed 
the savages as a superior being. The settlers of the region 
around him, however, were as much impressed with his great 
force, capacity, and good judgment as the Indians were with the 
armor which he wore when meeting them. In accordance with 
an agreement which he made Sept. 29, 1667, with the people of 
Groton, he built a m.ll in the southern part of the town, now in 
Harvard, on the Nonacoicus brook, generally called in the 
records "the Mill brook," for grinding the people's grain and 
sawing their lumber, which was run mainly by his son Jonas. 
Jonas, like his father, was a blacksmith, and added that business 
to that of milling. He built his house and had a blacksmith's 

* John Prescott was great-grandson of James Prescott of Lancashire (Eng.), 
who married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Sundish, of Standish. 


shop at Groton, on the place since occupied by the late Stuart 
J. Park, as marked on Butler's map of Groton. He also, while 
probably retaining an interest in the first mill, built another and 
subsequently a forge at a place, then in the south-easterly part 
of Groton, now called the " Forge Village," in the town of 
Westford. He had a numerous family of descendants, many of 
whom have been persons of great ability and distinction. Jonas 
Prescott married Mary, daughter of John and Mary [Draper] 
Loker of Sudbury. According to tradition, her marriage with 
the young blacksmith was opposed by her parents, who do not 
seem to have seen his effective qualities so clearly as she did. 
As the story goes, they shut her up to prevent her meeting him; 
but in those days it was difficult to keep lovers apart. At any 
rate, she escaped from her confinement, was married and went 
to Groton to keep house with a very limited supply of materials 
for the purpose. But whatever may have been their circum- 
stances when they began, they became one of the wealthiest and 
most influential families in the region. Jonas Prescott and his 
wife had twelve children, four boys and eight girls, of whom all 
but two boys grew up, were married, and left children who.Hc 
descendants have shown remarkable ability. 'J'hcir grandson. 
Colonel William Prescott, was chief in command at the battle of 
Bunker Hill. 

Benjamin Farnsworth built a house and lived on the easterly 
side of the road running on the westerly side of Broad Meadow, 
a little south of the residence of the late Abel Farnsworth, as it 
is marked on Butler's map. He owned a large stretch of land 
west of the meadow and southerly of the road from Farmer's 
Row across the meadow to the first parish meeting-house. His 
house was standing until about 1830 ; but in the later years it 
was unoccupied. When a boy I went through it many times 
with a wondering fear of the memories that haunted it. At that 
time the most, perhaps all, of his farm was held by his great 
grandsons, Ezra and Abel Farnsworth, whose residences were 
upon it. On the westerly side of the road on which Benjamin's 
house stood, and a little farther south, on the spot occupied by 
the house of S. Kendall, as marked on Butler's map, was the 
residence of John Longley, his brother-in-law, the husband of 
his wife's sister Sarah Prescott, and of whom I shall have occa- 
sion to speak farther on. 

48 flFXJAAffjV /■ARNSn'ORT/r. 

Benjamin Farnsworth held several town fjfTices, incliulinj:^ that 
of selectman, but he ajipears to have been less a leader and 
ailviser of men than his brother John. He and his wife were 
both members of tlie church, and their children were all baptized. 
Kor some time in the latter |>art of his life hi.-; 'lealth, and with 
it his mind, was impaired, and his wife was appointcil guardian 
for the necessary care of his estate. 'I'liey had children as 
follows : 

1. NlArtV, l)orn Jan. 5, 1696 ; married Lieutenant William 
Tarbell, son of Thomas Tarbell, in 1718, and had ten children. 
Her descendants have been very respectable. Among them 
were the late Genera! John Tarbell of Cambridge, Mass., who 
was her grandson, as was also Colonel Abel Tarbell of Scjuana- 
cook. She died Feb. 29, 1784. 

2. Martha, born Jan. 9, 1698 ; died Feb. 11, 1698. 

3. Br-NjAMiN, born Jan. 16, 1700 ; married (i) Patience , 

1726, who (lied July 10, 1735 I (2) Rebecca Pratt of Maiden, 
May 19, 1736, who dictl Oct. r, '756. He died of small pox 
Sept. iS, 1757, and left five children. His eldest son Oliver, 
born Nov. 9, 1727, married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Tarbell, 
Dec, 14, 1749, and settled at Shelburne, Mass. He had ten 
children. His daughter Lydia, born May 15, 1764, married Asa 
Lawrence of (iroton, and was mother to Hon. Asa Farnsworth 
Lawrence, who graduated at Harvard University in 1824. He 
was a lawyer of distinction, and practiced his profession at 
Pcppcrcll and Groton, and was a member of the Massachusetts 

Solomon, fourth child of Penjamin, Jr., married his cousin 
Lucy, daughter of Amos Farnsworth, Dec. 6, t77o, and lived in 
Nova Scotia, where he had gone some time before his marriage. 
At the breaking out of the Revolutionary War he remained there 
with his family. His wife had four children and then died, when 
he married Chute and had several children. Their de- 
scendants are numerous, and the most of them have continued 
to reside in Nova Scotia. 

Ebenezer, the fifth child of Benjamin, Jr., born Nov. 22, 1739, 
married Sarah Nichols, Feb. 18, 1767. He lived in the south 
part of Groton in what is now the village of Ayer, and died in 
1819. Joseph, fourth child of Kbenezer, born June 4, 1778, 
married, March 22, 1803, Abigail, daughter of Benjamin Stow of 


Harvard. Their oldest child, Benjamin Stow Farnsworth, wa*; 
born Aug. 9, 1804. He married Eliza F., daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Valentine of Hopkinton, Mass. In 1836 he moved to 
Detroit, Mich., where he engaged in business. He is still living 
there (1891) and much respected. 

^ 4. Isaac, born July 4, 1701, married Sarah, daughter of 
Samuel Page of South Carolina, April, 1723. He lived at Lun- 
enburg, Mass., of which he was the first town clerk, which office 
he held for ten years, and he also held various other town offices, 
and was one of the most prominent and respected citizens of that 
place. He died in December, 1744. 

Isaac's oldest son was Isaac, Jr., born Nov. 30, 1723. He 
lived in Groton, and married (i) Anna Green, Dec. 4, 1744, and 
(2) Lydia Moors, widov/ of Timothy Moors, Oct. 9, 1800. He 
was one of the most respected of the citizens of Groton in his 
time. He was town clerk from 1778 to 1781, when he was 
chosen the first representative of the town to the General Court 
under the Constitution in 1781, declined an election to that office 
the next year, and was elected to the office of town clerk in 
1785, filling the position for three years. He was chosen deacon 
of the church in Groton, Dec. 31, 1773. He died in October, 

Deacon Isaac Farnsworth was one of the most influential men 
in the town during the Revolutionary period. His recognized 
good sense and conscientious frankness, together with his cour- 
age to act according to his convictions, made him a prominent 
figure. In January, 1773, the selectmen called a town meeting, 
"to enquire into and consider the matters of grievance which 
the people of North America and the inhabitants of this province 
in particular labor under, relating to the violation and infringe- 
ment of their rights and liberties." A committee was appointed, 
of which Deacon Isaac was one, that reported in two weeks 
afterward with a spirit and energy not anywhere exceeded.* At 
a subsequent town meeting held Dec. 16, 1773, respecting the 
tea tax, he was again made a member of a committee to consider 
and report on the subject. That committee recommended the 
support of the people of Boston in their action upon the subject, 
and at their recommendation the people voted unanimously to 

* Butler'i Groton, p. 118, 


use no tea. He was also appointed on several committees from 
that time on to Kuide the proccedinjjs of the town in matters 
affecting' the then pendinjj revolution. On Jan. 3, 1775, he was 
appointed one of the imi)ortant "Committee of Inspection " for 
the town, that was to see that the recommendations of the Pro- 
vincial Congress of the preceding 5th of December, 1774, were 
carried into effect. 

Deacon Isaac Farnsworth had a son John, born Jan. 19, 1765, 
who married Nancy Baker. Dec. 29, 1789, and died Dec. 22, 
1843. This John had a son John, born Dec. 17, 1790, who mar- 
ried Rebecca Wright of Charlestown, Mass., in 1814, engaged in 
commercial pursuits in Hoston, and died there Dec. 25, 1843. 
He had a son, John Augustus, who has for forty years been one 
of the most prominent citizens of southern Vermont. He was 
born Feb. 26, 1815, and early in life removed to Sa.xton's River, 
Vt., to work in a small woollen mill at that point. Some time 
in the forties this mill was burned — a serious blow to the little 
village of which it was almost the sole support. With two or 
three others, John A. Farnsworth, who had by rigid economy 
saved a small sum of money, rebuilt the mill which eventually, 
under the name of Farnsworth (!v Co., became one of the most 
prosperous manufacturing establishments of its size and capacity 
in the State. It accpiircd a wide reputation for the (luality of its 
manufactured goods, while the firm's name was a synonym fnr 
integrity and honorable dealing. In the community in which he 
lives the position occui>ied by John A. Farnsworth has long been 
one of commanding influence. Public office he never sought, 
although almost continually forced upon him, and he has fillcil 
many positions of trust and inijiortance. He has also repre- 
sented his town in the State House and Senate on several 
occasions. His wealth has been freely dispensed for the benefit 
of the church, the community and education, and Farnsworth 
Hall, the central building of the group comprising Vermont 
Academy at Saxton's River, of which he is a trustee and treas- 
urer, is an eloquent witness of his generosity to this institution. 
John Augustus married Mary Jane Osgood, of Newfane, Vt., 
and has no children living, 

A younger son of John, Jr., was Andrew Jackson, born Oct. 6, 
1817, who married (i) Rosaline Currier, and (2) Margaret Loach. 
He was an old Boston printer, but for twelve years was engaged 


in mercantile pursuits at Bath, Me. Shortly after the outbreak 
of the Rebellion he, under commission from Governor Andrew 
of Massachusetts, was engaged in recruiting a company of 
soldiers in Boston. At that time [July, 1861] patriotism was the 
sole inducement for enlistment, and, the first rush to the front 
over, recruits were few. The general impresion then was that 
the war would soon be over, and Andrew Jackson, fearing that 
his company would not be filled in time to participate in the 
struggle, turned over his recruited soldiers to whoever would 
take them, and enlisted as a private in Company K, Twelfth 
Massachusetts Volunteers, known as the "Webster Regiment," 
being commanded by Fletcher Webster, the son of Daniel 
Webster. With his regiment he participated in the serious en- 
gagements of the Peninsula campaign, including and following 
the second Bull Run. At Antietam he was wounded by a ball 
passing through the leg, and two days after rejoining his regi- 
ment, he was shot through the shoulder at Fredericksburg, a 
wound that left him crippled for life. He now resides at 
Grafton, Vt. Andrew Jackson and Rosaline Currier had a son, 
Edward Harding, born Nov. 17, 1850, and married Carrie Isabel 
Langdon of Springfield, Mass. He is a well-known journalist, 
long on the editorial staff of the Boston Post. John, Jr., had also 
a daughter, Emily Rebecca, who married Addison B. Jacques, 
who was for more than twenty years town clerk, treasurer and 
collector of Haverhill, Mass., and later for many years was 
treasurer of the Haverhill Savings Bank. 

John Earns vorth (senior) had a son, his fifth child. Rev. 
Thomas Green Farnsworth, born July 3, 1798, a Universalist 
clergyman, very much respected in his denomination. He was 
pastor of several churches. He married Mary B. Hollis, 
daughter of Captain Jesse Hollis of Boston, and died, after a 
long and faithful service in his calling, in 1884. 

Deacon Isaac's eighth child was Dr. Samuel, born Sept. 29, 
1767, at Groton. He married Betsey Fitch, daughter of Captain 
Zachariah Fitch, of that place, Nov. 25, 1788, studied medicine 
and settled at Bridgton, Me., where he died Nov. 4, 181 7. He 
was eminent in his profession and practiced it through a wide 
extent of country about Bridgton. He had two sons who gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College in 1813. The elder of them, Dr. 
Samuel, Jr., born Oct. 19, 1791, fitted for college at the Groton 


Aradcmy and took the decrees of A. M. and M. D. at Dart- 
iiKMiih in 1816. His father Iiavinp^ recently died, he settled at 
llri(l;,'ton and succeeded to his fatlier's practice. Tlie Doctors 
Samuel I'amsu'orlh, father and son, and their families, were 
liheral s»i|)|)orters of the llrid^^ton A(a<lemy. A biiildin;,' liaH 
recently been creeled for it, with a library, recitation rooms and 
a dorn)itory, called '* Farnsworth Hail," that will perpetuate the 
memory of that liberal and jniblic spirited family. The younjL^er 
Samuel married Nancy Mussey, Sept. 16, 1817, and died April 
13, 1842. He left a son, (leorge Shattuck, born Jan. 11, 182 i, 
who married Cordelia C. Frye, Dec. 8, 1847, anil lives at North 
IJridgton, Me. His daughter Virginia Harris, born Sept. 16, 
1849, married Rev. Edwin P. Wilson, of Watertown, Mass., and 
has several children. Dr. Samuel, Jr., also had another son. Dr. 
Charles Henry Farnsworth, born June 14, 1823, who married 
Elizabeth A. Potter, daughter of Captain William Potter of 
Bridgton, studied medicine, and settled as a homoeopathic physi- 
cian at East Cambridge, Mass., where he now resides. liarrict 
Mussey, eldest child of Dr. Samuel, Jr., born April 10, i8ry, 
married Dr. M. ('. Richardson, and had a daughter who married 
a Dr. Turner, a surgeon in the L'nited States army. 

Dr. Samuel Farnsworth (senior) had a son Benjamin Franklin, 
born Dec. 17, 1793, who graduated with his brother, Samuel Jr., 
at Dartmouth College, in 1813, where he took the degree of 
A. M. He studied theology and was ordained pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Edenton, N. C, where he remained two years. 
He afterwards devoted himself mainly to teaching. From 182 1 
to 1823 he was principal of the Bridgewater (Mass) Academy, 
then he took charge of a girls' school at Worcester, Mass., 
and later he edited the Christian Watchman newspaper until 
1826, when he took the chair of theology at Newhampton 
(N. H.) Institute, where he remained until 1833, and hud con- 
ferred on him the degree of S. T. D. He then taught for a 
time at Providence, R. I., after which he was elected president 
of the college at Georgetown, Ky., which conferred on him the 
degree of D, D. In 1837 he was chosen president of Tennessee 
University, in which office he remained until his death, which 
took place May 4, 185 1, at his residence near Lexington. He 
married (i) Julia Ann Cushing, Aug. 20, 1817 ; she died and he 
married (2) Maria C. Ripley, daughter of John and Jane Ripley, 


of Boston, and had six children who settled in the West. Henry 
Fitch Farnsworth, his eldest son, lives in Chicago. 

Dr. Samuel Farnsworth's (senior) eldest daughter, Rctsey, 
married Thomas Perley, and had a son, Thomas Flint I'crlcy, 
born Feb, 23, 1815, who, continumg the traditions of the family, 
studied medicine, and followed his profession at Frycburg, Me., 
where he had an extensive practice. Dr. Samuel's (senior) 
youngest child was Sybil Anna, born April 25, 1812, at Bridg- 
ton. She appears to have possessed in a marked degree the 
abilities shared by this remarkable family. She married Solomon 
Andrews of that place, Dec. 5, 1831, had four children, and 
died at Stamford, Conn., Jan. 22, 1882. One of her children, 
George P. Andrews, was born Sept. 29, 1835, at North Bridg- 
ton. Born into a family devoted to learning and high culture, 
he fitted for and entered Yale College, where he graduated 
in 1858. He distinguished himself there as a scholar, and 
during his course he was chosen by his classmates class orator. 
On completing his college course he commenced the study of 
the law at Portland, Maine, in the office of Hon. William Pitt 
Fcsscndcn, since then a United States Senator and Secretary of 
the Treasury of the United States. He completed his studies 
there and was admitted to the bar. In the Spring of 1859 he 
removed to New York, and entered the office in Wall Street of 
H. P. Fessenden, a cousin of the Senator. Politically a Demo- 
crat, he was appointed by President Buchanan Assistant District 
Attorney, which office he held for six years under four changes 
of chiefs. Three of those chiefs were Democrats, and the last, 
Hon. E. Delafield Smith, was a Republican. A deputation of 
Republicans, after Mr. Smith's accession to office, waited upon 
him, and requested him to remove Mr. Andrews as a Democrat ; 
but, notwithstanding his politics, Mr. Smith refused to remove 
him, saying he could not dispense with his services, and express- 
ing entire confidence in his ability and fidelity. In the office of 
United States District Attorney, Mr. Andrews had a very large 
and varied experience, particularly in cases relating to criminal 
prosecutions, internal revenue, bankruptcy, and the numerous 
miscellaneous common law and equity cases pending at that 
time. Mr. Andrews was appointed Assistant Corporation Coun- 
sel for the City of New York in 1872 ; and he found the office 
fairly overflowing with litigations and with perplexing questions 

54 fi/:XJAAf/X /■AA'A'SUOA"/// 

growing out of the changes in the city charter and government 
which were made in 1871. There it became his duty so far as 
he could to bring oriler out of chaos. He was appointed Corpor- 
ation Counsel by Mayor Crace, during his term of office. This 
appointment was warmly urged by Mr. Whitney, t len about to 
retire from the office, and under whom Mr. Andrews had long 
been serving as his assistant. In the office of Corporation 
Counsel it became his duty to act as adviser of all the depart- 
ments of the city government, the Mayor, the Commissioners of 
tlie Sinking Funtl, the Board of Estimate and Apportionment, 
the Acjuetluct Commission, the Gas Commission, and the Board 
of Assessors ; and he was, by virtue of his office, a member of 
the Hoard of Revision and Correction of Assessments, and City 
Record Board. His duties as Corporation Counsel were per- 
formed with such general satisfaction to the public that he was 
considered the most suitable person to be presented as a candi- 
date for the office of Judge of the Supreme Court of the State of 
New V'ork. To that ofitice he was elected in November, 1S83, 
for the term of fourteen years, and he entered upon its duties 
June I, 1884. He has served in that office to this time with 
eminent satisfaction both to the bar and to the people, 

Isaac's (senior) second son was William, born at Croton, Feb. 
26, 1726. He lived for a time in the southerly part of the town 
which was afterwards set off either to Harvard or Shirley. Hut 
about 1760 he removed to Maine and became a settler in the 
"Waldo purchase," at what has since been called Wakloboro. 
Here he became owner of a large tract of land, and was one of 
the L-aders of the new settlers. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rev. Robert Rutherford, a Scotch Irish clergyman of the 
Presbyterian denomination, who came there under the patronage 
of the Colonial Governor, as a missionary among the new settlers, 
and by whom he had several children whose descendants are 
found in that neighborhood and scattered elsewhere through the 
country. The late William A. Farnsworth, a merchant of wealth 
and influence, who lived at Rockland, Maine, was one of his de- 
scendants. William was prominent among the defenders of 
the country during the Revolutionary War, in which he attained 
the rank of Colonel. Two of his sons, William Jr., and Robert, 
also served in that war, although quite young. He died and was 


buried in the old VValdoboro graveyard, where his gravestone 
may be seen. 

5. Ezra, born Jan, 17, 1703 ; married (1) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Benjamin and grand-daughter of Ensign John Lakin, who 
was an original proprietor among the Groton settlers and vho 
came to this country with his grandfather William Lakin. - She 
died and he married (2) Abigail, daughter of Ephraim and Mary 
[Whitney] Pierce, born Sept. 19, 1723. She died Jan, 8, 1800, 
aged 89 years. Ephraim Pierce, her father, was another of the 
original proprietors of Groton. Ezra was a blacksmith, and a 
lieutenant in the militia. He built a house on his father's farm 
at the place where his grandson Ezra lived at the time when 
Butler's map was made, on which it is marked " E. Farnsworth." 
It was on the southerly side of the road that runs from "Farmer's 
Row " across Broad Meadow to the first parish meeting-house. 
He had three children by his first wife and four by his second 
wife, and died June 19, 1788, His third child by his wife Abigail 
Pierce was Ezra, born Sept. 21, 1744, who married Betsey, 
daughter of Captain Joseph Sheple, and died March 19, 1798. 
He lived where his father had lived, and where his son Ezra 
lived until his death, in 1856, continuing that Christian name as 
occupying the place for three generations. He was a corporate 
member of the Presbyterian Society at Groton during its not 
very long life. This Ezra had ten children, of whom all but one 
lived to be married. His fourth child was Abel, born July 15, 
1773. He married Polly Goodell of Sutton, Mass., Dec. 28, 
1808, and died April 11, i860. He was a farmer, and his farm 
was a part of the estate of his great-grandfather Benjamin. 
The place of his residence is indicated by his name on Butler's 
map of Groton. 

Ezra, Abel's second child, was born Jan. 5, 1813 ; he married 
(i) Sarah Melville, daughter of Isaac Parker, senior partner in 
the commercial house of Parker, Wilder & Co., of Boston, Oct. 
I, 1840. She died June 28, 1862, and he married (2) Mrs. Mary 
K. Taylor of Groton, Mass., March 30, 1864. His education 
was obtained in the common schools of Groton and in the 
Groton Academy. His commercial education began in a clerk- 
ship in a country store in Groton, which he entered when fifteen 
years old, and in which he remained two years. He then ob- 
tained employment with the firm of Gordon & Stoddard, a dry- 

66 PEN] A MIN FA RS'S ll'OA Tlf 

goods importing; house in Hoston. He served that house s 
faithfully, and with so much judj^nicnt and discretion, that i 
1835, at the age of twenty-two, he was sent by it to Kurope a 
purchasing agent for the firm, and he remained there for tw 
years in that capacity. Here his knowledge of business and th 
world was so much enlarged, and he bore himself so well, thj 
very flattering offers were made to him to take a position in a 
English commercial house engaged in the American trade, a 
the manager of a branch of that house to be established in Scol 
land. This offer he declined, and soon after returned t 
America. After his return he remained with Messrs. (lordon I 
Stoddard about two years longer, after which he entered a cc 
partnership under the name of I'"arnsworih iV Shaw, dealing i 
dry goods, which continued until 1850. He then entered th 
commission house of Parker, Wilder & Co., the head of whicl 
Mr. Isaac Parker, was his wife's father. In that house he wa 
for many years prior to his death the senior partner, Messrs 
Parker & Wilder having long been dead. Until advancing year 
made it e.xpedient to resign the position to younger men, he wa 
the financial manager of the house. And it is safe to say tha 
no large financial business has for so long a time been more sue 
cessfully managed. Its successful weatherings of the financia 
storms of 1857, of 1861, 1865, and 1873, were, it is common! 
understood, largely t^e result of his good judgment and unflinch 
ing nerve. 

Ezra Farnsworth was connected with the Boston Board o 
Trade from its organization in 1854 ; in 1873 he was elected it 
Vice-President ; he was chosen a member of the city govern 
ment of Boston in 1856, and the same year became a director o 
the Boston National Bank. But it was in his religious life tha 
he was best known to the community ; for in his business caree 
his personality was largely merged in the business organizatioi 
of which he was so efficient a member, but in which his name di( 
not appear. 

In 1S28, at the age of fifteen years, he made a public profes 
sion of religion by uniting with the Congregational church ii 
his native town. On his removal to Boston he connected him 
self with the Bowdoin Street Church, then under the pastora 
care of the Rev. Lyman Beecher, D. D.; and he remained ; 
member of that church until the year 1835, when he united wit! 


others in the organization of a new church which for some time 
occupied the Odeon, under the pastoral care of Rev. William M. 
Rogers. That church removed its place of worship in 1841 to 
Winter Street, and was known as the Central Church. In that 
church he was chosen deacon, and he served it in that capacity 
for a considerable time. In 1853 he changed his church rela- 
tions to Park Street Church, of which he was soon chosen a 
deacon, and he served that church in that capacity until his 
death. In all his long career after his removal to Boston he 
was identified with the Sunday school interest, and he was con- 
nected with Sunday schools either as teacher or superintendent 
until his death. For many years he was associated with the 
JJoard of City Missions, and from 1848 to 1850 served as lis 
president. In 1868 he was chosen a member of the Prudential 
Committee of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
Missions, of which committee he was an influential member. In 
1865 he was appointed by Governor Andrew a trustee of the 
Massachusetts General Hospital, which office he held until 
1872. He was also a supporter of various institutions of learn- 
ing, to which he was a liberal contributor in money, and of 
which he was also a benefactor in various trusteeships, to which 
he gave freely of his time and the benefit of his sound judgment. 
Deacon Ezra Farnsworth's eldest daughter, Mary Rice, born 
Aug, 26, 1841, married John Lewis Bremer, a merchant of New 
York, Jan. 18, 1872, and has several children. His second 
child was Ezra, Jr., born Jan, 3, 1843, He married Leila 
Frances, daughter of John Jay and Mary [Marshall] Newcomb, 
Oct. 6, 1869. When a few months over eighteen years old, Oct. 
16, 1861, Ezra, Jr,, enlisted as a private in the Twenty-Si.xth 
Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, Colonel E. F. Jones 
commanding, to serve for three years in the War of the Rebel- 
lion. He was promoted to be corporal in Company B, in the 
December following. He was made sergeant of the regiment in 
February, 1862, was commissioned second lieutenant of Com- 
pany D, in the same regiment, Feb. 11, 1863, first lieutenant of 
Company C, May 19, 1863, and captain of the same company, 
Oct, 18, 1864. While serving as sergeant-major he was for some 
time acting adjutant of the regiment. While he was first lieu- 
tenant he was for a time quartermaster of the regiment at New 
Orleans and vicinity. In the summer of 1863 he was sent north 


to Boston Harbor for recruits from the draft, and kept on such 
detached service until February, 1864, when at his own tirj^ent 
recjuest, made many times before that date, he was ordered to 
rejoin his reKuncnt on Bayou Teche, in I>ouisiana. He was on 
board General Butler's fla),'ship with the army when A(hniral 
Farrapjut ran by Forts Jackson and St. Philip and cajHured 
New Orleans, and he participated in several small skirmishes 
in the Department of the (iulf. In May, 1864, he moved north 
with his rcg;iment, which rejiorted to Cieneral Grant at Bermuda 
Hundred on the James River. In August, 1864, the rep^imcnt 
moved by boat to Washington, and from thence he marched 
with it through Sinclair's Gap to the Shenandoah valley under 
General Sheridan. While his regiment was on the James River 
he particif.ated with it in several skirmishes at Bermuda Hundred 
and Deep Bottom, Va. While he was under Sheridan on the 
Shenandoah he was in several severe engagements and his 
regiment suffered severely. It was in the battle at Winchester, 
Va., Sept. 19, 1864, in which it bore a prominent part and 
suffered terribly. He was also with the regiment in the battles 
of Cedar Creek and Middletown, Oct. 19, 1864. In the latter 
fight he lost his left leg below the knee, in consequence of which 
he was discharged from the service Feb. 11, 1865. The important 
duties entrusted to him in the service while he was a very 
young man show very clearly the high estimation in which his 
bravery, judgment and discretion were held by his superior 
officers. After his retirement from the army he engaged in 
farming in the North-west for a time, after which he engaged in 
banking, and he is now (1891) the president and treasurer of the 
Farnsworth Loan and Realty Company, a banking corporation 
at Minneapolis, Minn. 

Isaac Barker, the fourth child of Deacon Ezra, born Dec. 8, 
1848, a very promising young man, entered Williams College, 
but died May 12, 1868, before graduation. William, Deacon 
Ezra's seventh child, born July 3, 1856, entered Harvard College, 
where he graduated in 1877. He married Lucy Holmes Burgess 
of Dedham, Oct. 3, 1888. He has engaged in commercial pur- 
suit? and is (1891) a member of the firm of Weston, Whitman & 
Co., of Boston, engaged in the wool trade. 

Ezra Farnsworth, son of the first Ezra and grandson of Ben- 
jamin, had a son Joseph, born July 16, 1775. He married 


Asenath Waters of Sutton, Mass., where he lived for some time. 
He took much interest in military affairs and attained the rank 
of brigadier general in the Massachusetts militia. He moved 
to and lived all the latter part of his life at Westfield, N. Y. He 
had seven children, and their descendants, scattered through the 
State of New York and the West, are very numerous. His old- 
est son was Asa, born Aug. 20, 1801. He married Laura Abell, 
and lived in New York city. This Asa had a son, Henry Joseph, 
born July 2, 1832. He entered a New York regiment in the 
War of the Rebellion, July 8, 1864, and was commissioned as 
captain, and made an assistant quartermaster in Julv, 1864. He 
served under Sheridan in his campaign in the Shenandoah 
valley. He was in Cumberland in June, 1865, and later in 
Baltimore as depot quartermaster. For faithful and meritorious 
services during the war he was made brevet lieutenant colonel, 
and at the disbandment of the volunteer army he was made a 
first lieutenant in the Thirty-Fourth Infantry of the regular 
army, and brevet captain. He was afterwards made captain in 
the Eighth Cavalry, and served for some time in Texas. In 
January, 1886, he was made an inspector-general of the United 
States Army, with the rank of major. He died at Fortress 
Monroe, unmarried, Nov. 19, 1888. 

General Joseph Farnsworth had a son Joseph, born June 12, 
1809, at Millbury, Mass., who subsequently settled at Wabash, 
Indiana. He married Mary Stevens, daughter of Erastus 
Finney, and had three children. One of them, Josephine, born 
in 1835, married Hon. Joseph E. McDonald, who for many 
years represented the State of Indiana in the United States 
Senate. Another, Frank B. Farnsworth, born Jan. 19, 1847, 
married Eliza Rebecca Dunham, called " Belle" Dunham, Oct. 
I, 1870, and is a clerk in the Post Office Department at Wash- 

6. Amos, born Nov. 27, 1704, married Lydia, daughter of 
John and Sarah [Prescott] Longley, his cousin, March 20, 1735. 
She was daughter of that John Longley who in 1694, at the age 
of about eleven years, had seen his father and mother, and all 
the rest of the family except two sisters, murdered by the Indians 
in their attack on Groton, and who, with his sisters, was taken 
to Canada and turned over to the French. He remained a 
prisoner in Canada for five years, when he was redeemed by his 


relatives from captivity. According to tradition he had become 
so accustomed to the savajs^c life of his captors by his live years' 
residence among them that he was unwilling to return, and force 
had tf) be used to compel liin) to leave them. However that may 
be, after his return, which was at the age of sixteen, he became 
one of the most prominent and well-to-do inhabitants of the 
town. He served in many offices of honor and trust, and for 
several years was the town clerk. John Longley's grandmother, 
the wife of William Longley (senior), was Joana Cloffe, sister of 
'I'homas (iolfe, a merchant of London, an original patentee 
in the charter of Charles I., which was granted to the Massa- 
chusetts Hay Company, and in it was named deputy governor of 
the company. At the first election by the company he was 
chosen to that office, and he held it until Oct. 20, 1629, when it 
was determined to bring the com|)any over to this country, and 
a governor and a deputy were chosen who could leave Englantl 
at the time. Thus Matthew Cradock, the governor, gave place 
to John W'inthrop, and Thomas (loffe, the deputy, to John 
Humphrey, who also was unable to go with the company, where- 
upon 'Ihomas Dudley, who could go, was chosen in his place 
March 2^, 1630. As soon as Goffe could settle up his business 
so as to come to America he undertook to do so, but died on his 
passage out. The facts as to this connection appear in a 
petition of "Robert Rand of Hoston, sailmaker," a grandson of 
William l.ongley, who presented a petition to the General Court 
of Massachusetts, April 17, 1734, in which he states that his 
grandmother was sister to that Thomas Goffe, and that he was 
eldest son to her daughter, and he prayed that, as the colony 
was greatly benefited at the expense of Mr. Goffe's estate, which 
was never paid for, he should have something from the govern- 
menr. The facts set forth by him seem to have been satis- 
factorily proved, as the General Court granted him one thousand 
acres of land.* 

Amos l-'arnsworth is said to have been a very tall man, six feet 
and four inches high, and of very striking appearance. He built 
the house and lived on the place that was subsequently occupied 
by his son. Major Amos Farnsworth, on the road leading from 
Groton Centre to Page's Bridge, about two miles from the old 

• See Mass. Gen. Court Records, vol, 15, p. 530, and vol. 16, p. 76. See 
also Journal of House of Kep., vol. 2, p. 159. 


Groton meeting-house. He was a man of much energy, and 
well educated for a farmer of his time. Having a large family 
to support, for there were ten of his children, when the British 
government, after the conquest of Canada, opened the territory 
for settlement, and offered such terms to settlers of English 
stock that there seemed to be much to be gained by accepting 
them, he went to Nova Scotia. He left his family at Groton, 
but possibly took with him one or more of his sons. There he 
engaged in surveying, and secured a grant of land at Granville, 
near Annapolis. He erected buildings and got ready to 
remove his family there, when he placed agents on his land and 
returned to Groton for his wife and children. While he was 
absent, his agents made such representations to the officials of 
the Nova Scotia government that the title to the lands was 
transferred to them. On his arriving there with his family he 
found himself crowded out of his own house. He made a peti- 
tion to the government, then at Halifax, a copy of which in his 
own handwriting is still in existence, and had the matter been 
pursued, he would probably have got his own again. But with 
his family on his hands, and Halifax then practically a great 
deal farther from Granville or Annapolis than it now is, it 
was impossible, for him to wait for justice, and he returned to 
Groton in 1774 with a part of his family, and settled again on 
his old homestead. Two of his daughters, however, married in 
Nova Scotia, and remained there. His two youngest sons, 
Amos, Jr., and Benjamin, returned with him, and his only other 
son, Jonas, returned not long afterwards. The Revolutionary 
War came on soon afterwards, in which he took great interest, 
but on the 5th December, 1775, he and his youngest son 
Benjamin, then about eighteen years cf age, were both drowned 
by the upsetting of a boat on the Nashua River.. 

Jonas, the seventh child of Amos, went with his father to 
Nova Scotia, and was living there when the Revolutionary War 
broke out. He was born Aug. 18, 1748, and married Jane Delap, 
daughter of James and Mary [Kelley] Delap of Granville, N. S., 
— , 1774. James Delap and his family were also emigrants into 
that province from Massachusetts. Jonas had one child born 
in Nova Scotia, when it became apparent that it had become 
necessary for him to take part with England in the approaching 
controversy, or to return to Groton and join his fortunes with 


the revoltinjj colonics. He promptly chose the latter course, 
but he had much difficulty, and his family endured great suffer- 
ing in doing so. He arrived, however, in April, 1776, at the 
paternal homestead, and built him a house about a quarter of a 
mile southerly from that where his father lived, where he had 
nine children born to him in addition to the one born in Nova 
Scotia. He died July 16, 1805. His wife, Jane Delaj), survived 
him many years, and died May 20, 1826. 

.Nancy, the eldest child of Jonas Farnsworth, born April 7, 
1775, married Amos Otis of Barnstable, Mass., anil had five 
children, one of whom, Amos, Jr., born Aug. 17, i8or, was a 
prominent citizen, held many public offices, and was for many 
years cashier of the Barnstable Bank. Nancy died Sept. 5, 1808, 
and Amos Otis married her sister Sally, born Aug. 7, 1778, and 
had five children. Jane, the second child of Jonas, born Dec. 7, 
177C, married Captain Sanuui Hi^lden of Clrolon, Oct. i, 1797. 
He wan a very forcible, inlclligcnt and enterprising citizen. In 
1798, the next year after lii.n marri.igc, he removed to Norridgc- 
wock, Me., and from tiience, some time afterward.s, he went to 
the extreme border of the country then settled, at Moose River, 
Me., where they had a family of ten children, whose descendants 
are scattered throughout the country. 

Benjamin, the fourth child of Jonas, born July 8, 1780, mar- 
ried Dorcas Whittemore of Lancaster, Mass., and lived in that 
town. He was a farmer and largely interested in raising hops, 
the culture of which he advised and encouraged In conse- 
quence of his interest in the business, and of his recognized 
good judgment, he was appointed Inspector General of Hops by 
the State of Massachusetts, and he held the office for many 
years. He had a family of ten children. 

Rev. James Delap Farnsworth was the ninth of the children 
of Jonas. He was born at Groton, Sept. 11, 1793. He fitted 
for college at the Groton Academy, and entered Harvard 
College in 1814. He graduated there A. B. in 1818, and A. M. 
and B. D. in 182 1, having studied theology in the Cambridge 
Divinity School. He was ordained as an Orthodox Congre- 
gational clergyman over the church at Orford, N. H., Jan. 21, 
1823. He was afterwards successively minister of churches of 
that denomination in Paxton, Boxborough, North Chelsea, and 
Bridgewater, all in Massachusetts ; and he was in the year 1853 


chaplain of the Massachusetts Senate. He made a large collec- 
tion of material for the genealogies of the families with which 
he was connected. His largest collection related to the Farns- 
worths, and without his labors, the fruits of which came into the 
writer's hands soon after his death, which took place Nov. 12, 
1854, this memoir would probably never have been attempted. 
He died very suddenly on a Sunday morning, sitting at his study 
table, looking over the sermon which he was about to preach. 
The text of the last sermon which he had preached was, " It is 
finished," and that of the sermon which he was then examining 
and was about to preach was, " Follow me." He was not, prob- 
ably, aware that his work here was finished, and he was not 
intending literally to ask his hearers to follow himself, but to 
follow the Master whom he served. Yet there was a wonderful 
aptness in those texts, and he would have been, if followed, a 
most excellent guide into the track of the footsteps that Our 
Lord had left. He was a man of great liberality and kindness 
of heart, and led rather than drove people into that divine path, 
He was a corresponding member of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, having been elected May 23, 1846, and a 
memoir of him may be found in the second volume of the Bio- 
graphical Memoirs of that Society, page 312, et seg. Rev. James 
D. Farnsworth married Rebecca Miller Thayer Fogg, daughter of 
Dr. Daniel Fogg, of Braintree, Mass., Nov. i, 1825, and had six 
children. Edward Miller, his third child, was born at Orford, 
N. H., Sept. 13, 1829, married Charlotte F. Pinkham, daughter 
of Vincent Pinkham, of Chelsea, Mass., June 4, 1855, and is en- 
gaged in the wholesale shoe business in Boston. His son, 
Edward Miller, Jr., was born May 28, 1857, and married Esther 
Crafts, daughter of John C. and Joanna Paige [Emmons] 
Morse, Dec. i, 1881. He lives at Brookline, Mass., and has 
been engaged many years in the banking business with Messrs. 
Kidder, Peabody & Co., of Boston. 

Amos, Jr., was the ninth child of Amos Farnsworth and Lydia 
Longley. He was born April 28, 1754, As has been mentioned, 
he went with his father, when about eleven years old, to Nova 
Scotia, and returned vith him to Groton in 1774. Directly on 
his return he united himself with a company of " Minute Men " 
that was organized at Groton under the command of Captain 
Henry Farwell for the defence of the popular rights. On the 

64 fiENJA.\fli\ FARNSWORTll 

19th 'lay of April, 1775. word was broiivjht to Groton of the ad- 
vance of the British troops, " Rt-j^ulars," they were popularly 
called, upon Lexinj^ton and Concord. The company was imme- 
diately called upon to meet these '* British Regulars," thouji[h it 
consisted only of young farmers collected from the fields. He 
joined his company and marched that night, expecting to 
meet the enemy at Concord. Hut they were too late to partici- 
pate in the fight which, took jilace that day, as the news of '.he 
advance of the " Regulars " did not in fact reach Groton until 
they had commenced their retreat toward Boston. Fortunately 
we have a diary of the main facts in this movement, kept by 
Amos Farnsworth at the time. He says : 

\\> marched and came there [that is, to Concord], where some had been 
killed. I'ulled on and catne to I.cxinjjton, where much hurt was done to the 
houses by breaking glass and burning many houses, but they were forced to 
retreat though they were more numerous than we. And I saw many dead 
regulars by the way. Went into a house where the blood was half over shoes. 

Thursday, April 20. (^ame to Cambridge in the forenoon. There were 
some men wanted to go to Charlestown. I went for one and viewed the 
Regulars, and found they were intrenching on Charlestown Hill. 

His diary goes on giving an acciMint of the daily duties and 
movements until " Friday, May yc 26," when he says : 

At night I and about ten of our company marched with a party of men, 
betwixt two and three hundred, for Noddle's Island, headed by Col. Nixon. 
\Ve marched through Mystic, Maiden and to ("helsca. 

Saturday May ye 27. Went on Hog Island and brought off six horses, 
twenty-seven horned cattle and four luiiulred anil eleven sheep. .\bout the 
middle of the afterno(^n went from Hog Island to Noddle's Island and set one 
house and barn on lire. Killeil some horses and cattle ; brought off two or 
three cows ; one horse. I with five men got off the horse and before we got 
from Noddle's Island to Hog Island we were llreii upon by a privateer schooner; 
but we crossed the river and about liflien of us squatted down in a ditch on 
the marsh and stood our ground ; and tinre <ame a company of Regulars on the 
march on the other side of the river and the schooner, and we had a hot tire until 
the Regulars retreated. l!ut notwithstanding the bullets flew very thick not a 
man of us [was] killed. Surely (iod has a favor towards us, and he can save in 
one place as well as another. We left the Island about sunset and came to Chel- 
sea, and on Saturday, about ten at night marched to Winnisimet ferry wliere 
there was a schooner and a sloop a firing with great fury upon us there ; but 
thanks be to (iod that gave us the victory at this time for through his Providence 
:he schooner that played upon us ran aground and we set fire to her and consumed 
her there, and the sloop received much damage in this engagement. We had 
not  man killed ; but four wounded, and we hope all will recover. One of the 


four was a Townsend man belonging to our company. The bullet went 
through his mouth from one cheek to the other. 

Thursday June ye r. There were sheep and cattle and horses we hear, to ye 
amount of four or five hundred sheep, twenty or thirty cattle and a number of 
horses brought along that our people took from the Regulars off Noddies 

Friday, June i6. Nothing done in ye forenoon. In the afternoon we had 
orders to be ready to march at six. Agreeable to orders our regiment paraded 
and about sunset we were drawn up, and had prayers, and about dusk marched 
for Bunker Hill under command of our own Col. Prescott. Just before we 
turned out of the road to go up Bunker's Hill, Charlestown, we were halted, 
and about sixty men were taken out of our battalion to go into Charlestown, I 
being one of them. Capt. Nutting* headed us down to the town house. We 
set our sentinels by the water side. The most of us got in the Town House, 
but had orders not to shut our eyes. Our men marched to Bunker Hill and 
begun their entrenchments, and carried it on with the utmost vigor all night. 
Early in the morning I joined them. 

Saturday June ye 17. The enemy appeared fo be much alarmed on Satur- 
day morning when they discovered our operations, and immediately began a 
heavy cannonading from a battery on Cop's Hil'., Boston, and from the ships 
in ye harbor. We with little loss continued to carry on our work till ten 
o'clock, when we discovered a large body of the enemy crossing Charles River 
from Boston. They landed on a point of land about a mile eastward of our 
entrenchment and immediately disposed their army for an attack, previous to 
which they set fire to the town of Charlestown. It is supposed that i;he enemy 
intended to attack us under the cover of the smoke from the burning houses ; 
the wind favoring them in such a design ; while on the other side their army 
was extending northward towards Mystic river with an apparent desij^ii of sur- 
rounding our men in the works, and of cutting off any assistance intended for 
our relief. They were however in some measure counteracted in this design, 
and drew their army into closer order. As the enemy approached our men 
were not only exposed to the attack of a very numerous musquetry, but to a 
heavy fire from the battery on Cop's Hill, 4 or 5 men of war, several armed 
boats or floating batteries in Mystic River, and a number of field pieces. Not- 
withstanding we within the entrenchment, and at a breastwork without, sus- 
tained the enemy's attacks with real bravery and resolution. Killed and 
wounded great numbers, and repulsed them several times ; and after bearing 
for about two hours as severe and heavy a fire as perhaps ever was known, and 
many having fired away all their amunition, and having no reinforcement 
although there was a great body of men nie by, we were overpowered by num- 
bers and obliged to leave the intrenchment, retreating about sunset to a small 
distance over Charlestown neck. N. B. I did not leave the intrenchment 
until the enemy had got in. I then retreated about ten or fifteen rods. Then 
I received a wound in my right arm, the ball going through a little below the 

* Probably Capt, John Nutting of Pepperell, captain of a company of 
Minute Men " from that place. 

C>6 /i/:.V/.4.\f/.V FAKS'SWOKT/l 

cn)Ow, brcnkinj; tin* littk- slicll hour. Another l);ill Mniik my bark, takinjjoff a 
piece of skin about as bi^; as a penny ; but I ;;ot to C'ambrid^je that nijjht. 

The town of C'harli-stown I siipjx)sed to contain about 300 dwellin^j housei, 
a great nmnUr of which were larj^e and elegant, besides 150 or 200 other 
buililiii^js ['I'licsc] arc almost all laid in ashes by the barbarity and wanton 
crucllj' of that infernal villain I lionias (iaj^c. Oh ! the goodness of God in 
preserving my life thoiij;h they fell on my ri^jht hand am! on my left. . , , 
I was in great pain the first ni;.'ht with my wound. 

Sunday June 18. I and I'hineas Hubbard came to Mr. Watsonc. 

Monilay June K). Mr. Hubbard and I set out for home. Came as far as 
Lincoln ; met our honored fathers. Got as far as Concord that night. 

Tuesday June 20. We got home. 

Here he makes a inemoraiulum that " for a considerable time 
past " he coiikl not keej) up his journal on account of the 
wound in his arm, but under the date of August 14, he says : 
" Now I begin to write a little ;" and he proceeds : " Monday 
August 14. Set out for Cambridge got there that day : found 
our company pretty well." From that day to August 24 
nothing of interest is recorded. On that day he says : 

About twelve o'clock I had my arm drcst. Dr. Hart opened it nigh two 
Inches down to the bone. About 3 in the afternoon Col. I'rescott gave orders 
to march to Scwcil's I'oint, and they marched, but I did not go with them 
because of my wound. 

He remained with the army at Cambridge until Oct. 27, and 
his diary contains a record of the doings, in which, in conse- 
quence of his wound, he was an actor only to a limited extent. 
On that day he was furloughed and sent home, when it was 
found that in addition to his wound he had camp fever. He 
recovered, however, but was unable again to return to the army 
at Cambridge. I have not thought proper to change a word of 
this simple record of what was done under his observation and 
of the acts in which he was a participant from the 19th of April 
to the 17th of June, 1775. ^^'^ words are better than mine. 

Much that he observed was not committed to his diary, and 
the writer remembers listening as a boy to his reminiscences of 
Hunker Hill and other acts in the Revolutionary drama in which 
he was an actor. Among other things he heard him say that as 
the troops under Colonel Prescott were leaving the entrench- 
ments at Bunker Hill they met General Putnam, who, with a 
large body of men, had remained " nie by," as Amos Farns- 
worth expressed it in his diary, but had not participated in the 


battle. Amos Farnsworth was very near the two commanders 
and distinctly heard the conversation between them. Colonel 
Prescott began by sharply asking General Putnam why he had 
not sent up reinforcements as he had promised. Putnam 

answered that he "could not drive the d d dogs up." To 

this Colonel Prescott hotly responded : " Then why did you not 
lead them up ? They would have followed you." 

On Tuesday, Dec. 5, 1775, his father and his brother Benjamin 
were both drowned by the upsetting of a boat in the Nashua 
River, near where they lived, and the whole care of the family 
devolved upon him. Yet, in spite of his wounded and weak arm, 
and the state of the family, the next year, in the summer of 1776, 
he volunteered to go to the defence of Ticonderoga, in Colonel 
Reed's regiment that was raised in the neighborhood of Groton 
for that purpose. He had served as a corporal at Bunker Hill. 
He had done so well that he was made an ensign, equivalent to 
a second lieutenant, in that expedition. He went into service 
in Colonel Reed's expedition on the 23d of July, and returned 
home at the close of the year with his men. While at Ticonder- 
oj^a he was engaged in .several .small affairs with the^ 
which he briefly relates in his journal, but which are not of 
sufificient interest to repeat here. He was afterwards, while 
holding a commission as first lieutenant in a company of 
Matrosses (commanded by William Swan) in Colonel Jonathan 
Reed's regiment, sent with some troops to New Jer.sey, where, 
notwithstanding his weak arm, he performed effective service by 
his bravery and judgment and by his care of his men, with whom 
he was always popular. 

His first commission as ensign, or second lieutenant, was in the 
infantry. His next commission was in the artillery or " Mat- 
rosses," as that branch of the service was called. His commis- 
sion as first lieutenant is in the name of " The Major Part of the 
Council of Massachusetts-Bay in New England," as the State 
government had not then been organized, and Massachusetts 
was then under an ex tempore government. His commission as 
first lieutenant is as follows : 


PES' J A MIX FA K.\'S W 'OR Tlf 

SlaU cf 
Mmssathusttts Bay. 

The Major Part of ihe Coundl of Afat'aclnistfts- 
Bay XH New Ent^land. 

•"■^ • To Amos Farnsworth, Gentleman, Greeting. 

\ SEAL. .' 

/ y Vou being appointed First of a company of 

•-— r— ^* Matrosscs (commanded by William Swan) raised in the Sixth 
Rcfjiment of Militia in the County of Middlesex whereof Jonathan keed 
F, squire is Colonel to rank as Captain, — Hy Virtue of the Power vested in us, 
\S'c do by these Presents (rcposinj; special Trust and Confidence in your 
I.oy.dty, Courajje and jfOod Comluct,) Commissi(jn you accorilin^ly. — Vou 
arc therefore carefully and dili^;ently to discharjje the Duty of a !• irst l.ieui. 
in le.idin^.', orderinjj, and cxercisin({ said Company in Arms, both inferior 
Ofl'icers and Sf)ldiers ; and to keep them in f^ood Order and Discipline ; And 
they are hereby commanded to obey you as their first I.ieut., and you are your- 
self, to observe and follow such Orders and instructions as you shall from Time 
to Time receive from the Major Fart of the Council or your Superior Officers. 

(;iVKN under our Hands, and the Seal of the said State at Boston the Nine- 
teenth Day of October in the Year of our Lord, 1778. 

By the Command of the Major Part of the Council 

Jkr. Powk.i.i, 
Artk.mas Ward 
T. CtsniN(; 
Benj. Austin 
H. Gardner 
D. Hopkins 
Saml. Danielson 
N. Clshing 
B. White 
Danl, Davis 
Oliver Prescott 
Oliver Wendell 


K. Brooks 
Kra. Dana 

After tlic close of the war, July 9, 1753, he was commissioned 
as *• Captain of a company of Matrosses in the Ikigadc of 
Militia m the County of Middlesex." That company is the old 
Groton Artillery Company. The commission bears the signa- 
ture of John Hancock as "Governor and Commander in Chief 
in and over the Common^vealth of Massachusetts." This com- 
pany is still in existence. His next commission, signed by 
Samuel Adams as Governor, appoints him " Major of a Bat- 
talion of Artillery in the Second Brigade of the Third Division 


of the Militia of this Commonwealth comprehending the County 
of Middlesex," and is dated July i, 1794. 

The poverty of the people of Massachusetts at the close of 
the Revolutionar)' War, and their distress in consequence of it 
was very great. Paper money became valueless ; many were 
heavily indebted ; taxes were burdensome ; and the way out of 
their difficulties was obscure. Great economy in the govern- 
ment was needed and practiced. The military organizations 
were reduced to a point lower than was consistent with safety. 
In the year 1786 the "Shay's Rebellion " broke out. The ne- 
cessity of having some provision in the laws for the collection 
of debts so exasperated some hasty and indebted persons that 
they did as has been done in other periods of the world's history, 
they rebelled. Job Shattuck of Groton was one of the leaders 
in the rebellion. The cannon of the Groton Artillery Com- 
pany, then under Major Farnsworth's command, were usually 
kept in an out-building on his farm. The first movement 
made by Shattuck and his associates was one October night, 
1786, to break open the building in which the guns were stored, 
drag them across the fields to the Nashua River and pitch them 
into it, after which they retired quietly to their homes. The 
loss of the guns was learned early the next morning; the course 
taken with them was tracked through the frosty grass ; they were 
very soon found, and before night they were restored to the 
place from which they had been taken, and a guard was kept 
over them afterwards until the close of the political troubles. 

Amos Farnsworth had the reputation of being an efficient and 
very popular officer. In addition 10 his military services he was 
for several years a deacon of the church in Groton, and he served 
the church in many business ways until old age diminished his 
powers. He died Oct. 29, 1847, at the advanced age of ninety- 
three years and six months. His wife survived him but a few 
weeks, and died Dec. 11, 1847, aged ninety years. 

Major Amos Farnsworth's eldest son, Luke, born Sept. 16, 
1785, married, April 6, 1814, Sarah, daughter of Oliver and 
Hannah [Kelley] Hartwell of Lyndon, Vt. He was a farmer at 
Groton and died there May 17, 1876, in his ninety-first year. 
His eldest son Claudius Buchanan, born Jan. 8, 1815, mar- 
ried, Feb. 27, 185T, Marianna, daughter of Joseph and Ann 
[Mayberry] Mclntirc of Pawtucket, R. I. He fitted for college 


at the Groton Academy and graduated at Harvard College A. B. 
in 1841. He entered the law school of that university, where he 
remained a while ; and he continued and finished his studies 
with Timothy (i. Coffin, Esq., of New Bedford, Mass., and was 
admitted to the Massachusetts bar at Taunton in March, 1844. 
He commenced the practice of the law directly after at Paw- 
tucket, then under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, but which 
was in 1862 made a part of the State of Rhode Island. In 1859 
he was made treasurer of the Dunnell Manufacturing Company, 
then carrying on the business of calico printing at Pawtucket. 
He held that office until 1881, when he resigned, and resumed 
the practice of law at Pawtucket. He is the author of these 
memoirs, having been led to collect the materials and to prepare 
them by his early association with his kinsman. Rev. James D. 
Farnsworth, who died early, and whose papers were committed 
to his hands. 

Claudius Buchanan had a son John Prescott, born Feb. 19, 
i860, who entered Harvard College, where he graduated A. B., 
1881, and went at once into the business of bleaching. He is at 
present the general agent and treasurer of the Providence 
Dying, Bleaching and Calendering Company, one of the oldest 
business corporations in Rhode Island. He married Margaret 
Cochrane, daughter of William and Elizabeth [Cochrane] Bar- 
bour of New York city, Nov. 25, 1885, and has a son John 
Prescott, Jr., born Feb. 8, 1888. 

Claudius Buchanan has also a son, Claude Joseph, born Dec. 
15, 1862, who entered Brown University in 1880. Having an 
attack of typhoid fever that rendered him unable to continue 
with his class, in his senior year he left college, and as soon as he 
was able to do so commenced the study of the law, and was ad- 
mitted to practice at the Rhode Island bar in P'ebruary, 1887, 
and is now engaged in the practice with his father at Pawtucket, 
R. I. On the election of John W. Davis as Governor of Rhode 
Island in 1887 he was appointed private secretary to the gover- 
nor, and on Governor Davis' reelection to office in 1890, he was 
appointed " Executive Secretary," an office then recently cre- 
ated by the General Assembly, the advantages of which were 
made clear by his previous services as private secretary, which 
was an office extcmporiied by the governor. 

Major Amos's second son was Amos, the third in descent of 


that name, born Aug. 30, 1788. He commenced the study of 
medicine with Dr. Thomas of Tyngsborough, Mass , and con- 
tinued and completed his studies with Dr. John C. Warren of 
Boston. He was appointed a surgeon's mate by the President 
in the army engaged in the war with England, April 14, 181 2. 
He left South Boston in that capacity with the Fourth Regiment 
of Infantry, June 15, 1812, for Burlington, Vt., his regiment 
having been assigned to the defense of that frontier. He wrote 
his thesis, which was upon the subject of pneumonia, in camp 
by the light of pine knots ; he submitted it to the university 
examiner and was graduated in the Harvard Medical School in 
1813. He resigned his commission and commenced the practice 
of medicine at Boston, May i, 1814, and was elected a Fellow of 
the Massachusetts Medical Society, Oct. 2, 1816. He continued 
in practice at Boston for about twelve years. In 1832 he moved 
to Groton and lived for several years near the old homestead of 
his ancestor, Jonas Prescott. Dr. Amos married Mrs. Mary 
Bourne Webber, widow of Captain Seth Webber of Boston, 
March 21, 1823. He died July 31, 1861. He was an ardent 
supporter of the anti-slavery cause in the days when it was most 
unpopular ; and his hospitable home at Groton was the resort of 
the leaders of that cause. There came George Thompson, and 
Wendell Phillips, and Samuel J. May, and William Lloyd Garrison, 
with many of the lesser lights of that movement, that in about 
twenty years after Garrison had sounded his trumpet blast in his 
paper in Baltimore, swept away the whole fabric of negro slavery 
in the United States. Dr. S. A. Green, in his " Groton His- 
torical Series," vol. i, No. 11., p. 20, says of him : 

He was a man of marked ability, and Mr. Hawley's appreciation of his 
character is eminently just. At an early period he espoused the cause of the 
slave when it cost a man his social position and popularity to take the side of 
that unfortunate class. He was with Garrison at the time of the " Garrison 
mob" in Boston, Oct. 21, 1835, and he also helped largely to furnish the 
means for sUrting the " National Anti-Slavery SUndard " at New York. Dr. 
Famsworth's labors are noticed in the second volume of Mr. Garrison's life, 
recently published. 

The '• Mr. Hawley's appreciation," referred to above, is in 
the same number of Dr. Green'f "Historical Scries," just 
quoted, page 6, where he says : 

This brought one fortuiutely to Grotos and to the charming home of Dr. 


Amos Famsworth. I was his Riifst by virtue of his membership in the 

Executive Committee of the State [Anti-Slavery] Society. And, as intini.-ited, 

a high favor it was. A home indeed was his. While there was nothing pre- 

fentious about it, everything was in taste. All was solidly sensibU . He had 

buried his wife, and yet his home had the light and cheer of a lovely daughter. 

There were two sons also, and of promise, one of them a student at Ca.iibridge*. 

Still he himself was the central charm. He was tall and symmctricjllv bi'ilt ; 

with a large head, mild eyes, broad, expansive, pleasant face, and compressed 

lips. Fverything indicated strength and good nature. With the elements of a 

commaniler, he had the gentleness of a woman. He was one of the sunniest of 

men. Though impressing you with his superiority you felt wholly at ease in his 

presence. You knew him at once ; could trust him at sight. And greatly was 

I struck with his originality. It cropped out in everything. He could not 

think in a groove, or act in a groove ; no copyist could he be. In the rig of 

his horse and the way of treating him on a trip, you saw it. So, and more 

strikingly, in his treatment of vines and fruit trees, and the preservation of their 

products. He had Cato's love of these things ; had means too. Retired from 

a long and lucrative practice in Boston, he was able to work out his ideal. Of 

course he had the best. And he had a method, it seemed, strictly his own of 

preserving the same. I own I was ni t a little irked when I could not draw 

from him the secret of this to me surprising preservation. At a select party at 

his house, as late as February [1840], I think, he had on his table water-melon 

seemingly as fresh as when taken from the vines, also choice varieties of grapes 

jn a like state. Pressing him for the secret, I got this in reply : " The Hon. 

George Thompson," — alluding to the great anti-slavery orator — "occupying 

the very seat you occupy, put to me the same question ; and he went back to 

England just as wise on the subject as when he came." This I knew -was 

decisive , . . Needless is it to add that my esteemed host was a man of 

poHitivc convictions, nml wiih loyal to them. He could not be anything cUf, 

When lie UKik 11 HtiiiKl lie was lixcd in it ; when lir nl liin f<Ni| down it wuh down, 

And this fitted hitn for his time, it nindc him the stalwart reformer he was. 

The "lovely daughter" of Dr. Amos, referred to by Mr. 
Hawley, was necessarily his only daughter, Mary Elizabeth, 
born Dec. 28, 1823, and then about fifteen or sixteen years 
old. She married Josiah Burrage Kilbourn, Dec. 9, 1851. He 
died, and she then married Samuel Hall, May 2, 1861, by whom 
she had Prescott Farnsworth, born Sept. 27, 1868, who graduated 
at Harvard University in 1889. 

Amos Henry, Dr. Amos's eldest son, was born Aug. 8, 1825, 
graduated at Harvard University A. B., 1844, and took the 
degree there of L L. B., in 1846. He married Julia P. Cushman 
of Troy, N. Y., and resides there. George Bourne, his youngest 
son, was born Feb. 29, 1828, graduated at Harvard University 

* He M spcakiag of th« y—s 1841. 


A. B. in 1847, and A. M. in 1850. He was appointed a lieu- 
tenant in the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment of Cavalry (colored) 
in the War of the Rebellion, and served until the close of the 
war. He married Marian S. True, daughter of Dr. N. B. True 
of Bethel, Me., June i, 1870, and lived at Boston, where he died 
April 12, 1887. 

Major Amos Farnsworth's next child was Elizabeth, born Oct. 
19, 1792. She was a woman of great intellectual capacity and 
force of character. The following just description of her char- 
acter is from the Boston Commonwealth of Feb. 23, 1884 : 

In Groton, 2d. inst., [Feb. 2, 1884] Miss Elizabeth Famsworth, aged 91 yrs. 
3 mos., daughter of Major Amos Farnsworth, who fought at Bunker Hill. 

This lady was a rare specimen of a genuine New England woman — strong in 
intellect, decided and independent in character, of great energy, and firm in 
her religious faith, and a constant reader of the best books, having a tenacious 
memory and keeping herself well informed of things occurring all over the 
world, in which she retained the vivid interest of a young person. An early 
Garrison abolitionist (as were her whole family), she was in sympathy with all 
reformatory efforts, including those to secure larger rights for women, and her- 
self voted at the town election for school committee when 86. She excelled as 
a most ready letter-writer, and wrote a long letter the very morning of her death, 
which occurred suddenly, while her mind was as bright as ever. Among her 
papers has been found the following letter from Mr, Garrison, written her about 
five weeks before his death, dated Roxbury, April 19, 1879. After acknowledg- 
ing some gifts for the suffering colored people in Kansas, he says : 

It would be Indeed a most pleasing occurrence to me jf I could have the 
((pporuiniiy of secin}( you fftcc to fftcc and conversing with yon In rcy.ird lo 
things past and present, but though I am at Icnst twelve yours your Junior, my 
health is so far affected that I am obliged to keep very closely to my honic, 
though none the less in favor of " immediate and unconditional emancipation " 
" from all the ills that flesh is heir to ;" but happily that will be realized at no 
distant day, in accordance with the law of mortality. I bear in affectionate 
remembrance your deceased brother, Dr. Amos Farnsworth, whose friendship 
I greatly prized, and who brought to the anti-slavery cause an inflexible purpose, 
a whole souled consecration, a warmly sympathetic spirit, and a noble disregard 
of that " fear of man that bringeth a snare." I hope to clasp hands with him 
on another plane of existence, and with many other dear friends and co-workcri 
who have preceded me in the matter of translation to a higher life. May the 
remainder of your days be without any drawback and yet extended to a centen- 
nial period. 

Yours with profound respect. 


Mr, Silas Hawley, in the article ' before referred to when 


spcakin)^; of her brother, Dr. Amos Karnsworth, in Dr. Green's 
"Groton Historical Series," vol. i, No. ii, jiage 12, says: 

One of the most m.irkcd of these is Kli/.ibcth Farnsworth : she would be 
marked anywliere. Remarkable was her brain-power and force of charactc-. 
Physically much like her brother, the doctor ; mentally if anything his superior. 
She was capable of fillinjj any position, and with honor. Her mind was 
decidedly of a p}iilosn|)hiial cast ; broad, deep and intensely clear, .^he was 
quick to detect error and to see truth, and grandly able to ex|X)sc the one and 
defend the other. Her pen was keen, incisive, stronfj ; so to the last. I have 
scores of her letters, which if printeil in a volume would attract wide attention ; 
and age, as hinted, had no power to impair that pen. Iler last letters to me. 
and when she was along in the nineties, are as racy, trenchant and nervous as 
any T ever received from her. Her pcnniatiship, too, held much the same. I 
have surprised and deiifjhtcd nutnbers of my friends by showing them these 
letters. The like none of them had ever seen. She was early a Christian and 
of the Puritan stamp. Ilerr. was the faith brought in the Mayflower. 

Elizabeth Farnsworth was the cousin and schoolmate of Rev. 
James D. Farnsworth, and his early efforts at collectinjj the 
family liistory were greatly aided by her, whose memory was 
remarkably tenacious, and who had a kind of intuitive skill in 
sorting out from the current traditions the true from the false. 

Major Amos Farnsworth's fourtli child was Ralph, born Sept. 
20, 1795. After working on his father's farm until he had 
arrived at mature years, he determined to acciuire a thorough 
education. He fitted for college at the Groton Academy in 
eleven months, and entereil at Harvard at commencement 181 7. 
There, by sheer force of intellect and hard work, he graduated 
among the best seven of his class in 1S21, with Governor Kent 
of Maine and Ralph Waldo Kmerson. After graduating he 
taught a school at Portsmouth, N. H., for a time, where he stood 
so well that Dartmouth College gave him the honorary degree of 
A. M. in 1825. He studied medicine with Dr. John C. Warren 
of Hoston, and took his degree of M. D. at the Harvard Medical 
School in 1826, and his thesis which he prepared for the occasion 
was so well appreciated by the examiners that it was awarded 
the Boylston prize. He settled at Norwich, Conn., the same year 
and commenced the practice of medicine, which he pursued with 
enthusiasm to the end of his life, which came to him July 16, 
1S75. He was a splendidly developed man physically, capable 
of enduring any amount of continuous work, and he was also as 
well equipped mentally. Dr. Willard Parker spoke of him as 


" seven men in one." He brought to his professional labors a 
mind fit for the work, thoroughly equipped with all that was 
then known in the profession ; and he never ceased adding to 
his knowledge by carefully examining all the current medical 
literature of his time, and making it subservient to the wants of 
his practice. He was by nature unable to be a mere routine 
physician ; but he brought all new discoveries, not only in his 
profession, but in general science, to assist his work, and he won 
a reputation for skill and capability as a practitioner throughout 
the State, 

Dr. Ralph Farnsworth, like his brother and sister, took a 
strong interest in all public movements, and equally with them 
was a man of very positive opinions. He was among the first 
to take the ground that slavery was a great wrong, and was to 
be attacked wherever it could be reached. He did not, however, 
favor the formation of a third political party to secure the de- 
sired end, but thought slavery could be best opposed in the old 
Whig party, until the formation by a sort of natural selection 
of the Republican party, with which he united ; and his strong 
convictions made him an ardent supporter of it. Such a con- 
stitution, with such convictions, usually arouse opposition ; they 
did so in his case. Weaker and less positive minds do not see 
things with the distinctness with which they appear to the 
stronger man. But he usually expressed his opinions with such 
clearness that they could be understood by all, and they were 
acceded to because his logic was invincible. And yet he was a 
man of the kindest heart, and tenderest sympathies. No man 
was e/er looked to by people of all grades and associations in 
times of real trouble with more confidence that he would both 
understand and appreciate their condition than Dr. Ralph Farns- 
worth. He married Eunice, daughter of Coddington Billings, 
Esq., of New London, Conn., Nov. 25, 1828, and had several 
children, of whom two sons and a grandson survived him. One 
of his sons, Coddington Billings, born Sept. 9, 1829, studied 
medicine and succeeded to his father's practice at Norwich, 
where he now resides. Another, Frederick, born Dec. 5, 1842, 
took the degree of P. B. at Yale College in 1864, studied 
medicine and took the degree of M. D, at the same college in 
1867. Soon after he went into commercial business at Phila- 
delphia, from which he has recently retired, and he is now resid- 
ing at New London, Conn. 


Dr. R.ilpli had also a son Charles, born Jan. 30, 1^3^), wlio did 
good service to the country in the War of the Rebellion. He 
entered the First Regiment of Connecticut Cavalry, and was 
commissioned as a captain. In .April, 1.S62, while scouting with 
twelve men he was attacked by a strong force of rebels, and was 
severely wounded. He halted his men and formed them in line 
of battle, but fainting from loss of blood he was brought into 
camp. Recovering from his injuries, he rejoined his command. 
He was a])pointed major as a recognition of his valiant services. 
Afterwards, in July, 1863. he was ordered with fifty men to 
reconnoitre the enemy's position. He did so, and charged upon 
a cavalry picket of two hundred men and drove them within 
their lines, capturing many prisoners, 'i'he rebels, fuiding that 
his force was small, rallictl, and a hand-to-hand fight followcil. 
His horse was shot, and he, with twenty-six of his men, was 
taken prisoner and put in the Libby prison at Richmond, where 
he remained for eight months. He was then appointed Lieuten- 
ant Colonel ; but his health was so broken by his wounds and 
imjirisonment that he resigned, and was honorably discharged. 
May 17, 1S64, with the rank of colonel, and with the record of a 
brave and spiriteil officer, well adapted to his arm of the service. 
The report on rebel prisons says : 

Amonp those who contributed testimony b.iscd on Vnowled^je w'as 
Lieuten.Tnt-Coloncl C"harles Farnsworth. His letters were of great interest ; 
his evidence on points of fact emphatic ; exposing clearly the sufferings and 
horrors incident to life in Libby prison and at Hclle Isle. 

In another place the report says : 

Lieutenant-Colonel Farnsworth, of the First "Connecticut Cavalr)*, was also 
an inmate of Libby ; and while there did what he could to see that those of his 
own command captured with him, as well as others whom he knew, shared with 
him the good things sent to him from his own home. His thoughtfulness and 
zeal in this particular were remembered with devout gratitude by some who 
returned to speak of it, and who felt their own preservation from death by starv- 
ing was due to him. When he was exchanged and returned home, he not only 
had words of testimony concerning the inhuman treatment which prevailed at 
Richmond, but he forwarded as early as po&sible to those he left behind him in 
confinement a box containing such things as he knew from experience would 
comfort and cheer them. 

By the time he had recovered from the effects of his wounds 
and his imprisonment the war was over. He then engaged in' 


business at Savannah, Ga., and married, Nov. i, 1865, Harriet 
Peck Lester of Norwich, Conn. About that time he engaged in 
rice planting in Georgia, and procured a rice plantation. In 
going in a boat from his house to the plantation his boat was 
upset, and he was drowned, April 17, 1867. He left a son, born 
after his death, June 11, 1867, who graduated A. B. at Brown 
University in 1889, and then became a student in the Law 
School of Harvard University. 

Walter was the fifth and youngest of the children of Major 
Amos Farnsworth. He was born April 9, 1798. He engaged 
in mercantile pursuits in Boston, in which he was very success- 
ful. He married Elizabeth Loring, daughter of Alexander 
Young of Boston. He died Feb. 26, 1881. 

7. LvDiA, born Sept. 26, 1706. She married, Dec. 29, 1725, 
Samuel Tarbell, brother to William Tarbcll, who married her 
sister Mary, by whom she had nine children. She died Nov. 1 1, 
1778. Her daughter Lydia, born Oct. 9, 1727, married Captain 
Henry Farwell of Groton, who commanded the company of 
"Minute Men" that, we have seen, pursued on the 19th of April, 
1775, the British troops who had marched out to Lexington and 
Concord. He with his company remained in service until the 
battle of Bunker Hill, in which his command took a prominent 
part. Lydia had three children. 

8. Aaron was the eighth child of Benjamin, and was born 
Aug. 29, 1709. He married (i) Hannah Barron. She died and 

he married (2) Sarah ; (3) Elizabeth, widow of Josiah 

Parker; she died Dec. 12, 1766 ; and he married (4) June 16, 
1767, Sarah Bennett, who survived him and subsequently married 
— Bolton, and died June 24, 1822, aged ninety-nine years and 
ten months. Aaron died in July, 1769. 

Mary, the third child of Aaron, born May 29, 1732, married 
Colonel Osman Baker, Jr., March 2, 1767. Colonel Baker, with 
his father, had been among the early settlers of Charlestown, 
N. H., and she went there to live. She had two sons. Major 
Jonathan and Dr. Isaac Baker, both of whom were distinguished 
men. She died Sept. 19, 1796. 

Hannah, the fourth child of Aaron Farnsworth, born June 11, 
1734, married James Locke, Jr., of Townsend, where she went 
to live. She had a daughter Eunice who tells the following 
story of the enthusiasm existing in that branch of the family 


during the Revolutionary War. It is to be found in Sawtell's 
History of Townsend. She say.s : 

Late one afternoon in May, 1777, when I was a few month* short of fiftrrn 
yrars old, notirt came to Townsend ttiat ("ifleen soldiers were wanted. The 
train band was instantly called out, ami my brother next older llian myself was 
one of those selected. He did not return till late that ni^jht when all were in 
bed. When I rose the next morninj; mother informed mc that brother John 
was to march the day after to-morr{)w at sunrise. My father was in Hoston in 
the Massachusetts Assembly. iMolher s.iid John would be away seven or ci^;ht 
months, and would sufTcr for want of winter j;arments. There was at that time 
no store, and no articles to be had except such as each family could make itself. 
The sifjht of my mother's tears broujjht all my strenjijth of mind into action. I 
asketl what garments were needful. She said " pantaloons." " Oh, if that is 
all," I said, "we will spin and weave him a pair before he goes." " But," 
said my mother, " the sheep are in the pasture and the wool is on their backs." 
I bade a younger brother bring a salt dish and c:;Il them to the yard. Mother 
replied : " Poor child, there are no sheep shears within three miles and a'half." 
" I have some small shears at the loom," said I. " Hut we cannot spin and 
weave it in so short a time." "I am certain we can." "How can you weave ii? 
There is a long weo of linen in the loom." " No matter, I can find an empty 
loom." By this time the sound of the sheep made me quicken my steps. I 
asked my sister to bring the wheel and cards while I went for the wool. I went 
to the yard with my brother and sheared with my loom shears from a white 
sheep half enough for the web, and then from a black sheep enough wool for 
my tilling and half the warp. The wool was duly carded and spun, washed, 
sized and dried. A loom was found a few doors off ; the web got in, woven 
and prepared, and the pantaloons were cut and made two or three hours before 
my brother's departure, that is in forty hours from the commencement, without 
help from any modern improvement. 

This heroine, Eunice Locke, married Edinund Richards of 
Rockingham, Vt., Jan. i, 1787. 

9. Martha, the ninth child of Benjamin was born May — , 
17 1 1. She married Captain John Stevens of Groton, Oct. 11, 
1728. They lived some time at Townsend, but he died and was 
buried in Groton. 

10. Jonas, born Oct. 4, 1713. He married Thankful Ward 
of Worcester, — , 1739, who died May 1, 1799, aged 88. He 
died L>ec. — , 1803. He was a joiner, and lived on the "great 
road " to Boston, a little south of the old " Prescott place." He 
was interested in the immigration made by his brother Amos 
and some others of the family to Nova Scotia, as before stated. 
Whether he went there himself I am not certain. Several of his 
children, however, joined the expedition, and it is not unlikely 


that he did so. He had nine children, all but one of whom 
were marned, and six of them went to Nova Scotia to live. 
His son, Jonas, Jr., born Oct. a, 1744, married Sarah Delap of 
Granville, N. S., June 13, T775. He joined his fortunes with 
the revolted colonies, moved into Maine and was one of the 
original settlers of Machias. He was a captain in the militia, 
and was adjutant of Colonel Benjamin Foster's Regiment at 
Machias in service in 1777 ; and was recognized as an efficient 
and patriotic man. 

Deborah, a daughter of Jonas (senior), married Joseph 
Wheelock of Nova Scotia, Nov. 5, 1769, and lived in that 
province, where she has many descendants. 

Isaac, sixth child of Jonas, was born Aug. 9, 1750. He mar- 
ried Martha Barth of Granville, N. S., where he had lived for 
some time. He also took the side of the revolted colonies, and 
removed to Jonesboro, Me., of which he was an early settler. 
He died there, April — , 1832, where his wife had died about 
two years before. He had a large family and his descendants 
are very numerous. Levi, a grandson of his, born about 1804, 
was one of the early adventurers to the Pacific coast, for which 
place he left Machias in the brig Agate, Nov. 4, 1849. He lived 
many years in Washington territory, where he held many public 
offices, and returned to his early home in 1882. William H. 
Farnsworth, a great-great-grandson of Isaac, born Aug. 14, 
i860, is an attorney-at-law, of the firm of Osborn & Farnsworth, 
practicing at Blair, Nebraska. 

Calvin Farnsworth, another great-grandson of the same Isaac, 
born at Jonesport, Maine, October, 1845, enlisted when sixteen 
years old in the Sixteenth Maine Infantry, for the War of the 
Rebellion. He was afterwards transferred to the First Maine 
Heavy Artillery, as one of its non-commissioned officers. He 
was three times wounded in battle, once at Spottsylvania Court 
House, and twice at Petersburg, Virginia. He was afterwards 
discharged by special order of President Lincoln for the pur- 
pose of being commissioned as major of a new regiment, but as 
the war closed directly afterwards, the new regiment was never 
mustered into the service. He has served in the Grand Army 
of the Republic as Junior and Senior Vice Commander and as 
Department Commander ; and he is now a clerk in the Register's 
Office of the Treasury Department of the United States. 

80 nF.NJA.\tlN FARS'SWOKTir 

Peter, eifi;lith child of Jonas, was horn Aug. i8, 1754. He mar- 
ried Margaret Marshall of Hath, Me., and died in 1803. He 
lived in Norridgewock, Me., where he went in 1780. Peter was 
a prominent citizen and held numerous uffices. He was much 
interested in military affairs, and became a colonel in the militia. 
His son Jonas was one of the settlers of Pembroke, Me., where 
he went in 1815. Peter's son Drummond, born Nov. 3, 17^9, 
married Charlotte Carter of Unity, Me., Nov. 10, 1816, who 
died Aug. 23. 1831 ; he married (2) Meroe Sylvester of Xor- 
ridgewock. Me., March 4, 1833. She died Dec. 23, 1844, and he 
married (3) Julia A. Whittemore. of West Cambridge, Mass., 
Jan. 7, 1846. He died May 16, 1866. He was a lieutenant in 
the Thirty-Fourth United States Infantry in the war of 1812 
against England. He was in the Senate of Maine, and after- 
wards Judge of Probate for Somerset County in that State, 
which oftke he resigned in 1840. Peter had also a son Cephas, 
born March 14, 1793, who married Eunice IJrown in 1816. He 
went in 1849 with his son Benjamin Hrown to California, but 
returned to end his days in Maine. Cephas had six children, 
and their descendants are very numerous. 

The descendants of Jonas, the tenth child of Benjamin, are 
perhaps scattered more widely through the United States and 
the British provinces than those of any other one of the family. 

II. Deborah, the eleventh and youngest child of Benjamin, 
was born — , 17 15. She married Samuel Bowers, Jr., March 19, 
'735- Bowers kept a tavern in Groton at the place known as 
the Champney House. She had six children. Dr. S. A. Green 
thus speaks of Mr. Bowers in his "Groton Historical Series," 
No. 8, p. 4. 

The Trowbriilfje Tavern cannot now be identified with certainty ; but it is 
highly probable that it was the same as the Bowers Inn, mentioned in the next 

The earliest tavern in Groton of which there is any positive record or know- 
ledge, was kept by Samuel Bowers, Jr., in the house lately and for a long time 
occupied by the Champney family. Mr. Bowers was born in (iroton on Dec. 
21, 171 1, and, according to his tombstone, died on "the Sixteenth day of 
December Anno Domini 1768. Half a hour after three of the clock in ye 
Afternoon, and in the F"ifty Eighth year of his age." He was first licensed in 
the year 1755, and was known in the neighborhood as " Land'urd Bowers."— 
the innkeeper of that period being generally addressed by the title of landlord. 
I do not know who succeeded him in his useful and imporunt functions. 


It seems proper to remark that in the middle of the last 
century many of the most prominent citizens were licensed as 
retailers of spirits. Deacon Benjamin Bancroft, Deacon Isaac 
P'arnsworth, Amos Lawrence, Ezra Farnsworth, Abraham Moors, 
Caleb Trowbridge, Jr., and others were licensed as retailers, and 
they were among the best citizens of the place. Popular ideas 
have changed since then. 


Joseph, the fifth child of Matthias Farnsworth, was born at 
Lynn, Nov. 17, 1657, and died there Oct. 31, 1674, unmarried. 



Mary, the second daughter and sixth child of Matthias, was 
born at Lynn, Oct. ii, 1660. She married Samuel Thatcher of 
Watertown, April 11, 1676. He was the son of Samuel and 
Hannah Thatcher, immigrants from England who had settled in 
Watertown. Samuel Thatcher, the elder, was admitted freeman 
May 18, 1642, was a deacon in the church, for several years a 
selectman of Watertown, and he represented that place in the 
Legislature in the years 1665, 1666, 1668 and 1669. His son, 
the husband of Mary Earnsworth, was born Oct. 20, 1648, ad- 
mitted freeman April 18, 1690, was a lieutenant in the militia, 
held various town ofifices, and died Oct. 21, 1726. She died 
Aug. 17, 1725. They had children as follows : 

1. Mary, bom Aug. i, 1681 ; died May, 1682. 

2. Sami'kl, born April 8, 1683. 

3. John, born Jan. 22, 1686; died Feb. 29, 1734. He married Elizabeth 
Morse of Groton, Oct. 24, 1712, and lived in place. 

4. Anna (Hannah), born April 30, 1688 ; died July 22, 1690. 

5. Mary, born Sept. 17, 1690; married, July 8, 1713, Joseph Child. 

6. Hannah, born Nov. 10, 1692; ^ied Nov. 3. 1741. 

7. Amr.AiL, born June 6, 1694. 

8. Mf.rcy, born Jan. 2, 1698 ; died Oct. 14, 17 — . 

9. Sarah, born Nov. 30, 1699 ; died June 13, 1727. 

10. Ebenezer, born March 17, 1704 ; married, January 27, 1732, Susanna 
Spring;, and had ten children. 

Some of Mary Thatcher's descendants have been eminent 
both in church and state. Her grandson Samuel Thatcher of 
Watertown was a colonel, representative in the Legislature, 
selectman and treasurer of the town, and one of the most prom- 
inent and active men in it during the Revolutionary War. He 
was father of Ebenezer [H. U. 1798], who married Lucy, 
daughter of General Henry Knox, was a prominent lawyer of 
Thomaston, Me., and father of the late Rear Admiral Henry 
Knox Thatcher. 

Henry Knox Thatcher was born at Montpelier, the seat of his 
grandfather, Major General Henry Knox of Revolutionary fame 


and first Secretary of War under Washington, in Thomaston, 
Me., May 26, 1806, a few months before the decease of his grand- 
father, which occurred Oct. 25, 1806. July i, 1822, he was 
admitted a cadet in the military academy at West Point, His 
health failing, he was allowed to exchange his cadetship for a 
midshipman's appointment in the United States navy. The 
appointment bore date March 4, 1823, He served for some time 
under Commodore David Porter, afterwards under Commodore 
Isaac Hull; and in 1829 he was promoted to be a passed mid- 
shipman. His great natural abilities showed themselves in 
admirable service, and he received deserved promotion. Soon 
after the opening of the War of the Rebellion he was promoted 
to be Commodore on the active list and placed in command of 
the screw corvette Colorado, and in that ship commanded the 
first division of Porter's fleet in December, 1864, and January, 
1865, during the attacks upon and final capture of Fort Fisher 
and its dependencies. Rear Admiral Porter said of him, in his 
report of this action to the Secretary of the Navy : 

First and foremost in the list of commodores is Commodore H. K. Thatcher. 
. . . I believe Commodore Thatcher would have fought his ship until she 
went to the bottom, and went into the fight with the full determination to con- 
quer or die. There is no reward too great for this gallant officer ; he has shown 
the kind of ability naval leaders should possess, a love of fighting and an invin- 
cible courage. 

He was then as a reward appointed Rear Admiral and assumed 
command of the West Gulf squadron as successor to Vice 
Admiral Farragut, who after fighting the battle of Mobile Har- 
bor had gone north on account of ill health. He was in com- 
mand of the fleet at the final taking of Mobile, April 15, 1865, 
and then he closed his brilliant war record by taking possession 
of the forts at Galveston, at the termination of the war. After 
the restoration of peace he served as commander of the squadron 
in the Pacific Ocean. On the 26th May, 1868, having been 45 
years in the naval service, he was placed on the retired He 
died April 5, 1880, aged 73 years, 10 months and 10 days. He 
had been attached to the navy fifty-seven years ; twenty-one 
years and eight months of this time had been spent at sea. A 
braver or a better sailor never lived, and it is enough to say of 
him that he maintained in his own person the standard of man- 
liness set by his grandfather, General Knox. 


According to tradition and the probabilities, the seventh child 
of Matthias Farnsworth was Sarah, who marrietl Simon Stone, 
of Watertown, whose father hatl taken land at (iroton adjoining 
to tiiat of Matthias Variiswurth. He was eldest son of Simon 
and Mary [Whipple] Sttjne of Watertown, and a much respected 
citizen. He was born Sept. 8, 1656, and died Dec. 19, 174', 
"aged 85 years, 3 months and 11 days." Her gravestone gives 
her death as Sept. 16, 1731, "in the 68th year of her age," so that 
she was born about 166.}, and probably at Groton, before the 
town records were kept with any completeness. Simon Stone 
was deacon in the church, and held several town offices. There 
was a Simon Stone who held land at Groton in 1670, the same 
land on which Deacon Simon subsequently lived ; but as in 1670 
Deacon Simon was only fourteen years old, it is not likely that 
he was the Simon named in the records ; but it is reasonable to 
suppose that the land belonged to his father, whose name was 
Simon, who is not understood ever to have been a resilient of the 
town, but who prol)ably lived at Watertown. The records do 
not speak of either of the lots owned by Simon Stone in 1670 as 
a "house lot." Probably, therefore, Simon senior took the land 
for his son Simon, and perhaps in part for his younger son John, 
as both of them came, when they grew up, to occupy parts of it. 

John Stone, it will be remembered, married the widow of 
Matthias Farnsworth, Jr.; but he did so Dec. 16, 1698. several 
years after Deacon Simon had married the daughter of Matthias 
senior. Simon and John Stone both lived in the immediate 
neighborhood of Matthias, and after his death, in view of the 
danger from Indian invasions, when garrisons were formed in 
the town, March 17, 1692, for common defense, one of them con- 
sisted of the following persons, really one family. They were, 
as entered in the records : " John Farnsworth, Matthias Farns- 
worth [Jr.], Benjamin Farnsworth, Samuel Farnsworth, Widow 
Farnsworth, Simon Stone, John Stone, Nicholas Hutchins and 


their families : lo men." John Farnsworth, who was an ensign 
in the militia, was probably in command. " Widow Farns- 
worth," the widow of Matthias [senior], is named as a house- 
holder, and had with her probably her son Jonathan. Nicholas 
Hutchins, whose wife was sister to the widow, also had a son 
John with him, that probably married about that time the 
youngest daughter of Matthias ; and thus are made out " ten 
men," if we count the widow as one. 

Deacon Simon Stone and Sarah Farnsworth had many children, 
but the exact number canno*, be ascertained. Neither is the 
time of their marriage on record ; but as he was born in 1656, 
and she about 1664, it is not likely that they were married much, 
if any, before 1683 or 1684. It is improbable, therefore, that 
John Stone of Groton was a son of his. John married the 
widow of Matthias Farnsworth, Jr., Dec. 16, 1698, so that the 
assumption of Bond, in his History of Watcrtown, that he was a 
son of Deacon Simon is not tenable. Very likely the one whom 
Butler calls Simon Stone, Jr., was his son. The list of their 
children will then be as follows: 

1. Sarah, bom — (?) ; married Stephen Farr of Stow, Sept. 28, 1708. 

2. Simon, (?) bom — ; married Sarah ; lived at Groton ; had eight . 

children, of whom the oldest was bom Sept. 10, 1714. 

3. Abigail, born . 1691 ; married Nathaniel Holden, Dec. 11, 1718; 

had seven children, and died Sept. 29, 1757, " in the 66th year of her age." 

4. Susannah, born Oct. 23, 1694. 

5. Isaac, born May 4, 1697 ; died Sept. 30, 1723. 

6. Hannah, bom about 1698 ; died Sept. 27, 1723. 

7. Lydia, bom about 1707 ; died Sept. 30, 1723. 

8. Joseph, bom 170a ; married Mary Prescott, May 9, 1728 ; had 

twelve children, and died Sept. 10, 1777. 

9. Benjamin, bora Aug. 13, 1706 ; married Emma, daughter of James and 
Abigail [Prescott] Parker, May 13, 1736, and died Sept. 23, 1758. 

S/i M UEL yA RaXS 1 1 'OR T/f. 

The eighth child of Matthias was Samuel, born at Groton, 
Oct. 8, 1669. He married, Dec. 12, 1706, M.iry [Whitcomb] 
Willard, daughter of Josiah Whitcomb of Lancaster, and widow 
of Simon Willard, Jr., son of Major Simon Willard of the Nonacoi- 
cus farm. Samuel's mother lived with him after her husl)and's 
death through all the latter |Kirt of her life, and she left him by 
her will, as we have seen, the most of her property, including 
her "great Bible." He subsequently moved to the "Turkey 
Hills," now the town of Lunenburg, of which he was an early 
settler. The date of his death is unknown ; but, as his will is 
dated June g, 1727, and was proved Aug. 21, 1727, he must have 
died between those dates, aged 57 years. He was admitted to 
the church in Groton July 27, 17 18. He appears to have been 
the main stay and reliance of his mother during the twenty- 
eight years that she lived after the death of her husband. He 
had six children as follows : 

1. Mary Crew, born at Kingston, Sept. 13, 1707 ; married 
Jonathan Page of Turkey Hills (Lunenburg), Nov. 8, 1727. 

2. Samuel [Jr.], born at Groton, June 29, 1709. He was 
never marrieil. In 1740 he, with his two younger brothers, 
David and Stephen, together with some others mostly from 
Groton and its vicinity, having had a grant of land at the place 
since called Charlestown in New Hampshire, organized a settle- 
ment there ; and these sons of Samuel Senior were among the 
first to do so. The place was considered by the Massachusetts 
Bay Colony to be within its jurisdiction, and it was granted to 
them as one of a series, this being called " No. 4," which sin- 
gular name has adhered to it ever since, although the place was 
soon legally named Charlestown. Many people still speak of it 
as "Charlestown No. 4." The first actual settlement of the 
place, it is said, was made by these three brothers in 1740, their 
associates, however, following in a short time* Soon after 

* Saunderson'a History of Charlestown : 14, 335. 



moving there the dividing line between the Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire Colonies was somewhat unsatisfactorily deter- 
mined as it exists at the present day, and by this settlement of 
boundaries Charlestown came within the jurisdiction of the New 
Hampshire Colony. This transfer of jurisdiction and allegiance 
caused the original Charlestown grantees much trouble, for the 
New Hampshire Colony, under the lead of Governor Benning 
Wentworth, refused to recognize the validity of the Massachu- 
setts grants. But after considerable delay and long negotiation 
the matter was compromised by the issuance of a new grant 
partially satisfying the claims of the original grantees. The 
claims of the three Farnsworths were substantially recognized. 
Samuel Farnsworth was the recognized leader of the party. He 
was a man of energy, force, judgment and probity. One of the 
earliest things necessary to do was to build a fort, and the col- 
lection and expenditure of the means for the purpose was en- 
trusted to him, and he became treasurer of the organization. In 
an attack made by the Indians upon the settlement. May 4, 1746, 
he was accidentally shot and killed by some one in his own 

3. David, born at Groton, Aug. 4, 1711 ; married Hannah 
Hastings of Lunenburg, Aug. 15, 1735. He was, as has been 
stated, one of the original settlers of Charlestown, N. H., in 
1740. He shared with the rest of the settlers of that place in 
the hazards of the Indian raids that seem to have been incidental 
to all the settlements on the frontier. David was going to mill 
on horseback, April 20, 1757, when he was waylaid and attacked 
by Indians, Seeing that there was no chance for escape, he dis- 
mounted, twisted the stirrups over the horse's back and started 
him for home. The Indians tried to stop the horse, but without 
success. The animal reached home, by which means the family 
were notified of the attack. David himself was taken and car- 
ried to Canada, from whence some years later he was redeemed 
and returned home.f 

A short time after his return he removed with his family to 
Hollis, N. H., where he was living at the time of the Revolution- 
ary War. Still later in life, he removed :*gain, at that time under 

* Crosby's Annals of Charlestown. 

f Saunderson'i History of Charlestown, pp. 14 and 335. 


safer auspices, into the northern part of Vermont. David had 
six children, two sons and four dau>,diters. One of his dauj,'htcrs, 
Hannah, born in 1736, married John Tarbell of Clroton in 1758, 
ami hati nine children, one of whom, Colonel Abel 'J'arbell, was 
a distinj^uishcd citizen of tiiat town, and lived in the village of 
S<)uannacook. She died Au^r 5^ 1S29. Anotherdaujjliter, Relief, 
married Reuben Tucker, of Townsend, Mass., June 4, 177 i, and 
moved with her husband to Nova vScotia with Jonas and Amos 
Karnsworth, as has been stated, about 1762 or 1763, and lived at 
Difjby in that province. Many of her descendants are now 
resident there. 'I'he late Gilbert Rugjjles Tucker, a well-known 
merchant of Boston, born Jan. 9, 1807, was her grandson. 

David's fifth child, Samuel, born at Charlestown, N. H., about 
1750, was a drummer at the battle of Bunker Hill, and was 
a pensioner for services in the Revolutionary War. He was 
residing at that time with his father at Hollis, N. H. He moved 
to and lived some time at Stoddard, N. H.; and afterwards 
moveil with his family to Eaton, then in Lower Canada. He 
married Anna \\'assen. His eldest son, John, born May 15, 
17S3, at Stoddard, N. H., married Sally Patten of Surry, Han- 
cock County, Maine, in 1809. She was daughter of Colonel 
James Patten of Surry. He moved with his father to P'aton, 
L. C, in 1812 ; and afterwards he moved to Green Oak, Mich., 
in 1834, where he died in 1S44. His son John Franklin, born at 
Eaton, March 27, 1820, married Mary A. Clark, Oct. 12, 1846. 
He early moved to Michigan, and engaged with his father in 
surveying. He acquired an academic education, such as was 
accessible in that new country at that time, studied law and 
was admitted to the bar in Illinois. He settled for the practice 
of his profession at St. Charles, III., in 1842, and removed from 
that place to Chicago in 1852. Such were the generally recog- 
nized abilities which he displayed in his profession that in 1856 
he was elected to represent the district in which he lived in the 
Congress of the United States. That district then embraced 
Chicago on Lake Michigan and Rock Island on the Mississippi 
River, with the intervening counties. He was subsequently 
elected to the same oftice in 1856, and again in 1858. 

On the breaking out of the Rebellion John F. Farnsworth 
raised the Eighth Regiment of Illinois Cavalry, was appointed 
its colonel, and took it to the army of the Potomac in October 


1861. He commanded his regiment as its colonel until Nov. 29, 

1862, when he was promoted to be a brigadier-general while in 
the field. During his service he participated in the advance on 
Bull Run and the Rappahannock in March, 1862, and in the 
battles of the Peninsulacampaign in the succeeding summer. His 
regiment was in the advance from Williamsburg to Mechanics- 
villc under command of General Stoneman, who was then chief 
of cavalry for the army, and who in making up his brigade for 
the advance selected Colonel Farnsworth's regiment, the Eighth 
Illinois Cavalry, as one of this brigade, and placed it upon the 
right. In the change of base from the Chickahominy to James 
River, Colonel Farnsworth was assigned with his regiment to 
conduct a very large train of the most valuable property of the 
army to the " James," which he did safely by a night march, 
arriving near the river at Haxall's Landing at about 3 o'clock 
on the morning of June 30, 1862, and from thence sent the train 
the following day to Harrison's Landing. 

When the army of the Potomac returned to Washington about 
the last of August of that year, at the time of the second battle of 
Bull Run, and moved up into Maryland, as the Confederates were 
moving towards Harper's Ferry, Colonel Farnsworth's regiment 
formed part of the advance column of our army under General 
Pleasonton, who commanded the cavalry division. He was then 
put in command of a brigade consisting of his own regiment and 
the Third Indiana Cavalry ; and on the 7th September, 1862, he 
led the advance from Darnstown, Md., through Poolesville, 
where he had a lively skirmish with the enemy, driving them 
out of the town and occupying it for the night. The next day 
he pushed on to Barnesville, capturing en route some twenty-five 
or thirty prisoners, and a battle flag of the Eighth Virginia 
Cavalry. At Barnesville another engagement ensued, but the 
enemy was quickly driven from the place. 

On the nth September Colonel Farnsworth captured Sugar 

Loaf mountain from the enemy, which nad been used by them as 

a signal station. From there, marching through Frederick, Md., 

he had several lively encounters between that city and South 

Mountain, where the enemy was in force, and the memorable 

battle of the 14th of September was fought. On the 15th, early 

in the morning, Colonel Farnsworth was ordered to advance, 

which he did, galloping over the mountain with only eight com- 


panics of his regiment, and charging impetuously a brigade of 
rebel cavalry in and just outside the village of Roonesboro. 
Here, considering the numbers engaged, was one of the severest 
cavalry encounters of the war, eml)racing a succession of 
charges and counter charges, and hand-to-hand conflicts. The 
enemy was completely vancjuished, their commander, unhorsed, 
escaped through a cornfield, four pieces of artillery and over 
two hundred prisoners were taken, and many were killed and 
wounded, with a loss to Farnsworth's command of two prisoners, 
six or eight wounded, and none killctl. 'I'hc battle of Antictam 
followed, and the enemy was driven across the I'otomac in lull 
retreat. Later in the fall, upon our army crossing the I'otomac, 
the cavalry had active duty to perform, and Colonel Karnsworth 
was engaged in many sharp encounters with the enemy, notably 
at Purcelville, Philamont, Upperville, Barber's Cross-roads, 
Chester Gap, Amesville and Little Washington ; reaching Fal- 
mouth, opposite Fredericksburg, Va., Nov. 22, where that un- 
fortunate battle was fought which closed the campaign for that 
year. It was at the close of this movement, Nov. 29, 1862, while 
still in the field, and in recognition of his services, that he was 
raised to the rank of brigadier-general. 

General Farnsworth had had no military education nor mili- 
tary experience until he raised his first regiment as before stated. 
But good judgment and a keen pcrce()tion of the advantages of 
any position in which he was placed served him remarkably well 
in place of military training. About the close of the campaign 
just outlined he received severe injuries that disabled him from 
further service in the field, and in the following year, 1863, he 
resigned his commission, and devoted himself to the service of 
the country in ways in which he could be more efficient. In the 
fall of 1862 he was again elected to Congress, and entered that 
body in December, 1863, serving continuously thereafter for ten 

In the winter of 1863 he obtained orders from the War Depart- 
ment and raised another regiment for service in the field, the 
Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry, which enabled him to secure the 
promotion of many of the officers and men who had served 
under him in the Eighth Cavalry ; and his old regiment eventu- 
ally produced two brigadier-generals, five brigadier-generals by 
brevet, two colonels of other regiments, three of his officers were 


appointed majors of cavalry in the regular army, and several 
were appointed captains and lieutenants in other regiments. 

The transfer of General Farnsworth from the field to Congress 
was beneficial to the country, as his injuries were suck that he 
could no longer be useful in the field. His support of the 
rational cause in the House of Representatives and elsewhere 
was very able and effective and was highly appreciated. He 
was a fine and forcible speaker, a ready debater, a dangerous 
foe to attack, and a valuable advocate and friend. After leav- 
ing Congress he returned to the practice of his profession of the 

His nephew, General Elon John, son of his brother, James 
Patten Farnsworth, presents a most interesting and picturesque 
gleam of chivalry and heroism worthy of any age. He was 
born at Green Oak, Mich., July 30, 1837. In 1858, while a 
student in the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, he left his 
studies to participate in the expedition then fitting out by the 
United States army against the Mormons in Utah, and was 
assigned as forage master to the Quartermaster's Department. 
He was one of the police of the army at the Mountain Meadow 
massacre. He returned home in 1861, and immediately joined 
the Eighth Illinois Cavalry, then being organized by his uncle, 
Colonel John F. Farnsworth, and was appointed assistant- 
quartermaster. He was soon after elected captain of Company 
K in that regiment, and served with it in the Peninsula campaign 
in Virginia. He was in all the prominent places in which his 
regiment served, and was reported in all cases as rendering 
excellent service. Early in 1863 he was acting lieutenant-colonel 
and chief quartermaster of the Fourth Army Corps. Through- 
out the time he served he was under the chief command of 
General Pleasanton, who repeatedly commended him in his 
reports for gallant and meritorious services. 

In May, 1863, he was appointed an aide on the staff of Gen- 
eral Pleasanton, and the performance of his duties in that pos- 
ition was such as to earn the esteem of his commander and the 
admiration of his fellow officers. June 29, 1863, on the eve of 
the battle of Gettysburg, he was commissioned brigadier-general 
of cavalry. He was on detached service at the time, and the 
commission never reached him, but was carried among General 
Pleasanton's headquarters papers until after the battle, and his 

92 SAAfirrj. FARS'SWORTir 

own death. He was, however, immediately assijjncd to the com- 
maiul of a bri^jatlc in Kilpatrick's cavalry division, consisting of 
the First Vermont, First West Virginia, Fifth New York and 
Kighteenth Pennsylvania Regiments. A battle was coming on 
and it was impossible to procure the uniform of his new rank, 
rieasanton, however, generously placed his own wardrobe at his 
service, and on the field of Gettysburg (ieneral Farnsworth 
wore one of I'lcasanton's blue coats decorated with a single star. 

I, ate on tlie third day of the battle, July 3, 1863, after Pickett's 
charge had been repulsed, Farnsworth's brigade occupied a 
position on a wooded hill to the left of Round 'l"op. Im- 
mediately in front were the enemy's skirmish line and the First 
Texas Regiment, posted behind a railed fence that had been 
made impassable by cavalry. The First West Virginia Regi- 
ment was ordered to charge the Texas troops, with a battalion 
of the First Vermont as skirmishers. It charged in gallant 
style only to receive a volley from the Texas troops, secure 
behind the staked and withe-bound fence. Recoiling from the 
deadly fire, the regiment rallied and again dashed forward 
against that impregnable fence, the troopers madly but vainly 
hewing at the stakes with their sabres, and a second time it was 
hurled back by a pitiless storm of bullets, and returned to its 
position with ranks greatly thinned. 

It was then that Kilpatrick, angered by the failure 10 dislodge 
the Texas regiment, ordered the charge that has been the sub- 
ject of so much discussion and very general, although not uni- 
versal, condemnation. The ground to be traversed was the 
worst possible for cavalry movements. The objective point was 
the rear of Law's Confederate brigade, intrenched upon the 
sloping sides of Round Top. The intervening ground was hilly 
and uneven — here covered with massive boulders demoralizing 
to cavalry, there covered with timber even more disastrous to 
effective cavalry movements, while stone walls, rail fences and 
the picturesque worm fences of that section greatly enhanced 
the difficulties to be encountered. At various points of advant- 
age were posted Confederate regiments, infantry and artillery. 
It was, in fact, a charge by a shattered remnant of a brigade — 
a mere handful of men — over ground that might well have been 
deemed impracticable, into the midst of an army of well-posted 
infantry. It has been called by a Confederate witness " a mad 


charge led by a mad leader." However just the application to 
the fatal charge, it certainly is not applicable to the leader who 
obeyed orders with a heroism never surpassed. 

Astonished at an order that seemed to have little purpose 
other than the slaughter of his brave soldiers, Farnsworth, whose 
bravery no one could call in question, but who had the true 
soldier's regard for his men, asked Kilpatrick if he really meant 
that he should throw his handful of men over the broken ground 
before them against a brigade of infantry, remarking tenderly, 
" These are too good men to kill," The impetuous Kilpatrick 
hotly retorted : " Do you refuse ? If you are afraid to lead 
your men, I will lead them m3'self." Rising in his saddle, his 
face radiant with conscious strength and courage and burning 
with indignation, Farnsworth passionately yet calmly replied : 
" Take that back ! I ask no man to lead my men forward." 
There was a moment's silence, and then Kilpatrick, with a mag- 
nanimity that was manly and creditable, acknowledged his error, 
and the two commanders engaged in a conversation that was not 
heard by others. 

General Farnsworth soon rode to the head of the Third Bat- 
talion, consisting of about 200 troopers, the remnant of the 
First Vermont, and ordered the charge. With drawn sabres, 
they rode through the Confederate skirmish line, into the fields 
beyond, over the fences, and made as bold a dash for Lee's 
army as if they had been supported by the entire Union forces. 
While the First Battalion, in advance, was extricating itself from 
the Fourth Alabama, whose volley it received within a few 
paces, and which was the first intimation of the presence of the 
Confederates at that point. General Farnsworth, with the Third 
Battalion, circled to the right towards the enemy's line of battle, 
riding in as grand form as if on dress parade. Skirting a low 
hill to the rear of Law's* Confederate brigade, this few score of 
Vermont cavalrymen led by General Farnsworth literally entered 
the "jaws of death." Charging along a stone wall between the 
hill and Law's brigade, over rocks and through timber, they 
were exposed to the close enfilading fire of several Confederate 
regiments on the right and of the Fourth Alabama on the left. 
They emerged from this slaughter pen only to receive the close 

* General Law of the Confederate army tells the story of this charge, from 
his point of view, in the Century Magaxine for December, 1886. 


fire of a battery, and here the remnant of the devoted hand 
broke into three parties. General Farnsworth, still unscathed, 
rode some distance farther, until his horse fell under him. A 
trooper dismounted, Farnsworth spranjj into the saddle, wheeled 
and, followed by a few troopers — Confederate reports say there 
were not more than ten with him when he fell — at full j^allop 
charged back again into that terrible storm of death-dealing 
missiles. Again he charged along that stone wall, with three 
regiments of infantry and a battery of artillery pounding his 
little band with leaden hail at close range, and sharpshooters 
decimating the pitiful remnant from the shelter of the rocks on 
the hill rising above his head. It is not strange that the Con- 
federates looked upon him as the mad leader of madmen. 

Incredible as it seems, General Farnsworth, with Captain 
Cushman and about ten of the Vermont troopers, apparently 
impervious to the storm of bullets, on the return charge pene- 
trated in safety very nearly to the point where they first entered 
between the hill and the stone wall in the rear of the Confeder- 
ate column. A few more strides in that mad gallop and the 
remaining heroes of this charge would have been out of reach 
of rebel bullets, and the intrepid commander would have lived 
to attain greater rank and distinction but for one last rash act — 
the culmination of courageous consecration. 

On the extreme right of the enemy's line of battle was the 
Fifteenth Alabama. Dashing along the stone wall in their rear, 
General Farnsworth saw approaching a small detachment of the 
First Battalion of his brigade, from which he had long been separ- 
ated. Raising his sabre as a signal to follow, he cleared the stone 
wall and charged the Fifteenth Alabama with the sublime indiffer- 
ence of a commander with victcious thousands at his back 
Here he fell, ard his riderless horse tore through the enemy's 
lines. He fell with sabre raised as if still threatening the foe he 
could no longer face, and with five mortal wounds in his body.* 

* The Confederate reports of Farnsworth's charge coniain a curious error. 
They relate that he wore a linen coat, and that when he fell from his horse he 
fought with his revolver and finally blew out his brains rather than surrender. 
In these reports General Farnsworth is confounded with Captain Cushman, who 
did wear a linen coat that made him a conspicuous figure in the charge, and 
who fell by Farnsworth's side and fought with his revolver until he became 
insensible. Farnsworth's five mortal wounds showed that he died in the saddle. 
There was no wound in the head or face. 


Thus perished one of the finest specimens of the volunteer 
soldier that the civil war produced. Without previous military 
experience of consequence, he was a born trooper and with a 
genius for actual warfare that promised a glorious career. The 
order to the execution of which he gave his life has been com- 
mended by some, condemned by more, but to the impartial 
historian it must appear as foolish in its conception, criminal in 
its compulsion, and uselessly fatal in its execution. In defense 
of this order it is urged that the diversion in the enemy's rear 
exposed the Confederate front to an infantry attack that must 
have proved resistless. This is doubtless true, but its fatal 
weakness lies in the utter inability of the strong Union force 
facing Law's brigade to take advantage of a movement that, so 
far as is known, they knew nothing about. By the time the 
infantry commanders arrived at a just conception of the cause 
of the turmoil in the Confederate rear, the charge and its results 
were simply matters of record. It is undeniable that this charge 
offered glorious opportunities that were not improved, and 
simply because it was the impetuous order of an impetuous man, 
instead of a well-timed movement as part of a concerted plan. 
In its conception this charge recalls that of the Six Hundred at 
Balaclava, immortalized by Tennyson, but there the comparison 
ends. Armies witnessed the onslaught of the Light Brigade ; 
the applause of thousands of friends, the astonished admiration 
of brave foes, spurred on the Six Hundred to greater endeavor ; 
but the rash command their leader had received was obeyed 
with no more heroism, fidelity and devotion than was that 
which sent the brave Farnsworth to his death. 

" Forward, the Light Brigade !" 
Was there a man dismayed ? 
Not though the soldier knew 

Some one had blundered ; 
Theirs not to make reply, 
Theirs not to reason why,^ 
Theirs but to do and die. 
Into the valley of Death 

Rode the six hundred. 

Cannon to right of them, 
Cannon to left of them, 
Cannon behind them 

Volleyed and thundered ; 



Stormtd at with shot and thfll, 
While horse and hero fell, 
They that had fought so well. 
Came throu^jh the jaws of I)-ath, 
Back from the mouth of Hell, 
All that W.1S left of them. 
Left of six hundred. 

When can their piory fade ? 
O, the wild charge they made ! 

All the world wondered. 
Honor the charge they made ! 
Honor the light brigade. 

Noble six hundred. 

Geneml Elon John Farnsworth was never married, and so 
left no children ; but his kinsmen owe a duty to their country, 
as well as to him, to perpetuate his memory. P'uture ages are 
not likely to see any one more devoted to duty or more faithful 
in its execution. A few days after General Pleasanton learned 
of General Farnswurth's death, he wrote as follows to Elon's 
uncle, (General John F. P'arnsworth : 

My Dmr Goternl : In looking over my Gettysburg report, it has occurred you should know what I s.iid and what I thought of your laic nephew; 
and as it will not probably sec daylight for a long lime, I iicnU you the follow- 
ing quotation from that rcjiort : 

It wat in one of thfie brilliant engn|;ementr thtt the );all«nt Farntworth Tell heroically 
leading a charge of hii brif{u(le rk*'"*' the rebel infjuitry. Gifted in a hif^h drprec with 
a quick perception and a correct Judicnient, rrmkrknble for lii» darinff and cnolnenK, bit 
compr»hen»lTe graip of the iituntion on the field of battle and the rapidity of hii action*, 
had already diminffolrhed General Farntworth amnng hli comradcR in nrtni. In his 
death wat doted • career that mutt have won the hiKhett honora of hit profctnlon. 

These were no empty words. He realized more than they expressed. Nature 
made him a general, and he was just entering the proper field for an exhibition 
of hii high qualities when he was killed. Of our personal relations I will not 
speak ; there are certain things too sacred to be written of those we love. 

Yours as ever, 

To General J. F, Farnsworth, 

4. Abigail, born , 17 13. 

5. Stehien, born at Lunenburg in 1715, was Samuel's fifth 
child. He married Eunice Hastings of Lunenburg, sister to his 
brother David's wife, Dec. 2a, 1741. Although Stephen was one 
of the party that made the first settlement at Charlestown, N, 
H., yet he does not appear to have entirely abandoned Lunen- 


burg as his home ; for he became a member of the church there 
June 12, 1748, and he was one of the original members of the 
church in Charlestown. He afterwards moved to Woodstock, 
Vt., where he died Sept. 6, 1771. His wife died there June 9, 
181 1, aged 88 years. 

We have seen that after the settlement of Charlestown there 
was continual necessity to guard against the attacks of Indians 
for many years. In 1746, a short time before his brother 
Samuel's death, Stephen was engaged with a scouting party in 
locating the enemy, and appears to have fallen into their hands 
at Northfield, Vt.* But he seems to have escaped, or been dis- 
charged in some way, as he appeared at home soon afterwards. 
He was also taken prisoner by them again Aug. 29, 1754, when 
he was carried to Canada, from whence he was afterwards 
returned, after having been kept a prisoner for seventeen 
months. Stephen, with his brother David and his cousin James, 
was a grantee in the Benning Wentworth grant, made to some 
of the settlers at Charlestown in settlement of claims under the 
Massachusetts grant, which Governor Wentworth and his com- 
pany had repudiated, 

Stephen Farnsworth had a son Oliver who became a printer, 
probably the first of the family to learn that art. Oliver had a 
son Havilah, born May 31, 1769, and a son Oliver, Jr., born 
Dec 10, 1775, both of whom learned their father's trade, and 
June 14, 1797, they commenced the publication of a newspaper 
at Suftield, Conn., called The Impartial Herald. They con- 
tinued it for one year, when they sold out to other parties, and 
removed to Newport, R. I., where they opened a printing office, 
and the "schedules" of the General Assembly of that State 
for the year 1798 bear the imprint of " H. & O. Farnsworth." 
In the year 1799 Oliver Farnsworth, Jr., commenced the pub- 
lication of the Rhode Island Republican, and continued it about 
two years in the interest of the Jeffersonian party, and his 
brother, Havilah, appears to have given up the printing business 
and turned his attention to medicine, which he practiced at 
Newport. Oliver was attacked very violently for the policy 
pursued in the publication of the Rhode Island Republican by 
William Cobbett in the Porcupine Papers, in which Cobbett 

* Historic Genealojj^ical Resetter, Tol. 9, p. 163-4. 


availed himself of some of his most violent abuse. Oliver 
also published a life of Washinjjton, under the following; title : 
" A Memory of Washington ; Comprising a Sketch of His Life 
and Character and the National Testimonials of Respect. Also 
a Collection of Eulogies and Orations, with a Copious Appen- 
dix. Newport, R. I.: Printed by Oliver Farnsworth, 1800." It 
was the first attempt at a collection of the most important of 
Washington's papers, as well as an account of his life, that was 
made after his death. It is a creditable performance when the 
time is considered, and the author's facilities for procuring 

After leaving Newport Oliver Farnsworth went to Cincinnati, 
then the " far west," on the verge of the wilderness. There he 
opened the first printing office, and published the first newspaper 
in that region. In his old age he returned to Newport, R. I., 
and died there Sept. 23, 1859. His daughter Eliza Wheeler 
married Nathan Cluilf^rd of Cincinnati, and was mother to 
Nathan Guilford, the eminent civil engineer, and to the wife of 
Dan Stone, some time member of Congress, and an intimate 
friend of Lincoln. 

Elon Farnsworth, another grandson of Stephen, a cousin of the 
last-named Oliver, was born Feb. 2, 1799. Elon Farnsworth 
was a farmer's boy, and passed his early years on his father's 
farm in Woodstock, Vt., in the occupations usual to farmers' 
boys. Rut he early developed studious habits and acquired a 
taste for books that made him devour all that fell in his way. 
He dipped into the classics, and with very little assistance 
mastered the intricacies of classic lore, the love of which, and 
a fondness for the great writers of old, remained with him as 
a solace and a comfort all through his busy life. He went to 
Detroit in 1822, being then 23 years old, and began the study 
of law with the law firm of Whitney & Sibley, then among the 
most prominent practitioners at the Michigan bar. Michigan 
was then a territory, and Sibley was soon appointed a territorial 
judge, and the young man continued his studies with Mr. Whit- 
ney, and in due time was admitted to the bar at Detroit. His 
studious habits, clear head and retentive memory commended 
him so strongly to his instructor that young Farnsworth was 
retained in the business ; and as Mr. Whitney died not long 
after, the young lawyer succeeded to the business of his in- 


structors. This he managed with so much skill and judgment 
and with such success that his fame rose rapidly, his professional 
opinions were sought in all directions, and at an unusually early 
age he was recognized as one of the leading lawyers of the ter- 
ritory, and was generally conceded to stand at the head of the 
bar. The Detroit Free Press said of him : 

He had come to be looked upon as almost infallible in legal opinions. lit 
reached conclusions in the most complicated questions by a process which those 
who knew him only superficially were wont to call intuition ; but the fact is, he 
was an indomitable worker, and he never gave an opinion involving any difficult 
legal question until he had first exhausted all available sources of knowledge 
concerning the matter in issue. His extraordinary memory htre stood him in 
good stead, and his methodical habit of thought, which had been engrafted upon 
bim in early life, enabled him to draw upon his great resources of learning in 
such a manner as to accomplish a prodigious amount of work in a little time. 

May 7, 1830, he married Hannah Blake, of Keene, N. H., and 
took her to Detroit, where she became a beneficent influence of 
most persuasive force in that new and rapidly growing com- 
munity. Her great strength of character, developed by thorough 
training, united to exalted tastes, refinement and culture, made 
her a recognized pattern and guide for the new community. 
During the period of her residence at Detroit she endeared her- 
self to the people as the hospitable matron of the house of a 
man in whom hospitality was a marked characteristic. She was 
also a leader in the various charities of the new metropolis. 
Her excellent judgment, her broad and catholic views, and her 
effective management gave her a social power in t'nc community 
that was recognized by all. 

Elon Farnsworth's first official position was as a member of 
the Legislative Council of the Territory of Michigan, to which 
he was elected in 1834. Soon after this election he formed a 
copartnership with Daniel Goodwin, an eminent lawyer, after- 
wards a judge, and the firm was engaged in the most extensive 
law practice then known in the Northwest. On the organiza- 
tion of the State Government in 1836 the judiciary of the State 
of Michigan was organized with a Chancery Court, and he was 
appointed the first Chancellor. In this important judicial office 
he served with conspicuous ability until he resigned on account 
of ill health in 1843. As Chancellor of the State of Michigan it 
became necessary for him to adapt the rules and principles of 
Chancery practice, as they had grown up in England, in the 


older states, and in the United States' courts, to the wants and 
conditions of a new community ; and he did it with such con- 
summate skill and judjjmenl that no one of his decisions was 
ever reversed in the court of last resort, thouj,'h it was several 
times attempted by very able men. His opinions are published 
in Harrington's Chancery Reports, and they have led in the 
development of the law in the Stitc of Michigan, 

After his resignation of the oflice of Chancellor, and as soon 
as his health permitted he was appointed Attorney-General of 
the State, which office he held for two years. In 1839 he was 
the Democratic nommee for Governor of Michigan. Some idea 
of the high esteem in which he was held among his fellow 
citizens may be gained from the fact that even the opposition 
journals of that time paid him the highest tributes within the 
scope of language. Partisanship, nevertheless, was rampant 
then as in later c.impaigns, and though he made a gallant fight 
he lost the election by a small majority. 

Chancellor Farnsworth was, by virtue of his office as Chan- 
cellor, a Regent of the University of Michigan during his entire 
term of service. In 1846 he became Regent by appointment 
until 1850, and by reappointment until 1852, when he was 
chosen Regent by popular election, and he retained the office 
until 1858. He thus held the office of Regent of the University 
continuously from 1836 to 1858, except the interval from 1843 
to 1846, his term of actual service extending over nineteen years. 
He filled that important position well and faithfully. His learn- 
ing and high character dignified the office ; and it was through 
his influence that Dr. Tappan was called to the presidency of 
the University, and by which it was advanced on a path of 
progress that has made it the pride of the State, and caused it 
to be respected throughout the educated world for its promotion 
of knowledge. Chancellor Farnsworth was himself a lover of 
advanced education, applying all his leisure to study, and, in 
marked contrast to the world at large, continued and to the last 
extended his knowledge of the Latin and Greek authors that 
had been the tasks of his early school life. The Latin poets 
were his companions all his life. 

In 1U46, when the Michigan Central Railroad Company was 
organized. Chancellor Farnsworth was chosen director, resident 
at Detroit, with a salary, — he was the only director who was paid 


a salary, — which office he held for about twenty years. In 1849 
he was chosen president of the Detroit Savings Bank, and held 
che office until his death. He gave daily personal attention to 
its affairs all that time, except during short periods of absence 
from ihe State, until within a few months of his death, when the 
state of his health put an end to his active services. In 1855 
the Chancellor was sent to Europe in the interest of the Sault 
Ste. Marie Canal Company for the purpose of negotiating the 
sale of lands and bonds ; but the financial condition of Europe 
m consequence of the Crimean War was such that he was only 
partially successful. 

He was all his life a Democrat in politics ; but his service 
in early life as a member of the Territorial Legislature, and his 
candidacy for the office of Governor in 1839, were his only 
occasions of active participation in political life. His clear 
head and sound judgment were, however, of great use in the 
guidance of his party upon all occasions. 

He died March 24, 1877, and his wife survived him about two 

years, dying in , 1879, They had two children who lived 

to maturity. One, Mary Louise, born Dec. 15, 1832, married 
General Orlando B. Willcox, of the United States army ; the 
other, Carolyn Frances, born Aug. 10, 1834, married Jared 
Francis Harrison, an eminent lawyer of New York. Elon 
Farnsworth Willcox, a grandson of the Chancellor, son of 
General Orlando B. Willcox, is a graduate of West Point and 
a First Lieutenant in the Sixth Regiment of Cavalry in the 
United States army. 

The following very just tribute to Chancellor Farnsworth is 
from the Detroit Free Press : 

Personally Mr. Farnsworth was universally esteemed. By his own immediate 
circle of friends he was well beloved, and he will be as affectionately remembered 
as it is given any man to be. His manners were polished and courtly, and he 
invariably treated everybody with studied consideration. Politeness, real, 
genuine politeness, which springs from an honest regard for the rights of 
others, was a rule of his life ; and his suaviter in modo had for a generation 
been proverbial. He was neat almost to fastidiousness, always paying scrupu- 
lous care to his dress. This did not grow out of any vanity, for there was none 
of that element in bis nature. It was the result of a conscientious belief that 
neatness of person is a simple social duty. Reading was the passion of bis life. 
He read everything. Philosophy, science, law, fiction, politics, poetry, were 
all alike to him in regard to the attention he bestowed upon then. Until he 
became unable longer to enjoy his beloved books, which was aot until he 


approached Ycry near to the end of earth, they were hi* almost constant com- 
panioni. It is related of hiin that when seventy-five years of age he relished 
his V'irpil in the original text as keenly as when its beauties were first opened 
to his enquiring mind more than half a century before. He Icept steadily up 
with current literature of every desirable grade, and could tell more about the 
men and women of letters than almost any other man of his time. Hif)graphy 
was at his tongue's end, and he delighted in analyses of the characters found in 
Scott, Thackeray and Dickens, with which it was long his wont to regale visit- 
ors and friends who manifested any interest in those authors. It was impos- 
sible to resist the genial atmosphere of his home presence. At his own fireside 
he laid by all worldly care, and gave himself up completely to the sweet and 
gracious atmosphere of home. Ilij house was not to him a mere stopping 
place. In every room he had builded an altar, and he adorned his housciiold 
gods with a feeling of mingled love and veneration. The worth of such an 
example is incomparable, and if Klon Karnsworth had left no other beijuest, 
his exaltation of home would remain a lasting monument to his goodness and 
greatness of heart. 

On the morning of the funeral the Detroit Bar Association 
took action respecting the late Chancellor's decease. Judge 
Daniel Goodwin presided, all the prominent members were 
present, and the following resolutions were adopted : 

1. Elon P'arnsworth was appointed Chancellor of the State of Michigan in 
July, 1836. and continued in office until March, 1842. This was the introduc- 
tion of a new feature, the organization of a Court of Chancery as distinct from 
the law courts. On him devolved the creation of a Chancery system for this 
State. How he performed this duty is well shown by the words of Chancellor 
Kent in the fourth volume of his commentaries. Kent says : " The adminis- 
tration of justice in equity in Michigan under Chancellor Farnsworth was 
enlightened and correct, and docs distinguished honor to the State."* No one 
of his decisions was ever reversed. His service as Attorney General for the 
State was performed with distinction. 

2. Those who knew him here, to this recognition of his character a*" an 
equity judge will add their recollection of his character as a man. He had a 
rare union of firmness, courtesy and amiability. No one ever questioned his 
integrity or his fidelity. In all the relations of life, as a neighbor, friend and 
Christian, he could not be too highly spoken of. He was especially in esteem 
among the churchmen of Michigan as a life long member of St. Paul's Church. 

3. Great trusts were reposed in him as a member of the community, aside 
from his legal and judicial offices ; as the resident director of the Michigan 
Central Railroad, as a Regent of tht University. These important public 
enterprises received in their infancy from him the fostering care which well 
accounts for their subsequent success. Many private trusts in our mining com- 
panies, banks and asylums were bestowed u{>on him by reason of his prudence, 
wisdom aod uprightness. 

* 4 Kent's Commentaries, 163, note (d). 


4. In these manifold relations of life, leg^al, judicial, private and public, he 
performed his duty with distinguished ability and fidelity, and goes down to 
the grave at the great age of seventy-eight with the esteem and veneration of 
the whole State. It is therefore by this bar 

Resolved, That these resolutions be presented by the appropriate officers in 
the Federal and State Courts and leave be asked to have them spread upon the 
journals of such courts. 

Resolved, That as a body we will attend the funeral of the distinguished dead 
from St. Paul's Church this afternoon, and that a copy of these resolutions be 
presented in the name of the bar to his family. 

The most eminent members of the bar addressed the meeting 
and contributed from their recollections to a tribute to his mem- 
ory. Among others, Hon. G. V. N. Lothrop, since Minister to 
Russia, spoke. Among other things he said : " While we all 
knew and respected him, we looked upon him while living more 
as we look upon Lord Hardwicke or Lord Mansfield. He was 
the type of a good man." 

At a meeting of the Regents of the University of Michigan, 
held soon after his death, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan have 
heard with great regret of the death of the Hon. Elon Famsworth of Detroit. 
He was one of the founders of this now great university ; one of the very few 
men to whom this State owes more than it can appreciate or repay, from the 
wisdom and carefulness with which they laid broad and deep the foundations of 
the first successful State University of our country. He was an active and 
influential Regent, both ex officio, as Chancellor of the State, and for many 
years by appointment. His cool judgment, thorough culture and extensive 
reading were influential in the formative period of the institution. His monu- 
ment is about us to-day. 

Thus, and with such honors, passed away Elon Famsworth, in 
the fullness of years, with the duties of life well and faithfully 

Stephen Famsworth has a great-grandson, Jonathan Brewer 
Famsworth, a member of the Vermont bar, born April 20, 1825, 
who practices his profession at Chester, Vt. 

6. Joshua, born , 1721, was the youngest son of Samuel 

Famsworth. He went as a volunteer in the expedition sent by 
the Massachusetts Colony against Louisburg, and probably died 
in it. He left a will, dated March 3, 1746, which made his 
brother David his executor, and left legacies to " sister Mary 
Page," " sister Abigail," and to his brothers Samuel, David and 


Abigail was the ninth child of Matthias Farnsworth. She is 
named in her father's will, and that is the last certain informa- 
tion we have of her. She was born Jan. 17, 1671. It is .sup- 
posed that she married her cousin, John Hutchins, son of 
Nicholas Hutchins whose wife F^iizabeth Farr was sister to 
Abijjail's mother. The family of Nicholas Hutchins lived near 
the homestead of Matthias Farnsworth, and he, and probably 
his son John, formed part of the Farnsworth garrison in 1692. 
The marriage, it is probable, took place during those disturbed 
times, when no records could be kept. At all events, John 
Hutchins' wife's name appears to be Abigail, and their first child 
was born Oct. 13, 1693. If this conclusion is correct, she had by 
her husband John Hutchins children as follows : 

John, born Oct. 13, 1693. 

Joshua, bom Nov. 5, 1696 ; married Mary Shed, July 13, r/23. 

Abigail, born Sept. 14, i6g8. 

Elizabeth, bom Sept. 6, 1700. 

Benjamin, bom Aug. 17, 1705. 

They probably moved from the town early, as they disappear 
entirely from the town records, and I have no further trace of 


Matthias Farnsworth's sixth son and tenth child was Jonathan, 
the youngest of his children that reached maturity. He was 
born in an exceedingly troubled time. Within three weeks of 
His birth, which took place June i, 1675, King Philip's War 
broke out, in which the first battle was fought at Swanzey, in 
the County of Bristol, Mass., on the 20th of June, 1675, 
within nine months afterwards, — it was March 2, 1676, — the 
savages attacked Groton, burned nearly every dwelling house 
in the town, and all the inhabitants fled for shelter to Concord. 
There Jonathan spent two years of his infancy, the child of 
refugees, among strangers, where the family lived as it could. 
When those two terrible years were passed the family returned 
and rebuilt its homestead, taking the chance of further attacks 
from the Indians, who some years later again fell upon the 
exposed settlement. Thus all his early life was passed amid 
great perils and privations. His father died when he was but 
thirteen years old, and his later training was received from his 
mother, who appears to have guided him with intelligence and 
fidelity. He married Ruth, daughter of John and Ruth [Whit- 
ney] Shattuck, in 1698, and lived in the southerly part of 
Groton, as Groton then was, not far from Prescott's "Old Mill," 
perhaps on the land before described that was assigned to his 
father. That part of Groton was, on the incorporation of Har- 
vard, made part of that town. He " owned the covenant " 
with the church in Groton, Sept. 21, 1707, and Ruth, his wife, 
united with it Oct. 9, 17 15. He and his wife, with their son 
Jonathan, Jr., were dismissed from that church and "recom- 
mended to lie the foundation of the church in Harvard," Sept. 
i4» 1733- He led the quiet life of a farmer in that town all his 
mature years, and died there June 16, 1748, He had fifteen 
children, and their descendants are much more numerous than 
those of any other of the children of Matthias. They are as 
follows : 

I. Ruth, born April 3, 1699. 



2. Jonathan, liorn March 17, 1701 ; married (1) Mary Hurt, 
June 30, 1725, who (lied June 9, 1765, aged 64; (2) Hannah 
Farwell, May 5, 1767. lie lived in Harvard; united with the 
church in Groton, Nov. i, 172 i, and afterwards with his father 
and mother joined in founding the church in Harvard. He 
died Aug. I, 1775. having had eight chiUlren. His eldest son, 
Jonathan (jr.), was a volunteer in the expedition against Louis- 
burg, in 1745, and died June 26, 1759. 

A great-grandson of Jonathan, Jr., Jacob by name, was several 
years a clerk in the navy yard in Charlcstown, and afterwards 
engaged in mercantile business in IJoston, New York, New 
Orleans, and for some time at Manchester, England, and died 
at Pensacola, Fla., April 14, 1837, aged 46. He was an able 
man and much respected. 

Rufus, another great-grandson of the same Jonathan, Jr., 
born Dec. 15, 1791, married Lavinia Blanchard, Jul/ 7, 1821, 
lived in Albany, N. Y., and died about 1828. He had a son, 
Addison, born at Albany, July 9, 1825, who was a jiromincnt 
soldier in the service of the country. He resided at /Mbany 
until the breaking out of the Mexican War. Then he entered 
the volunteer service called out by President Polk for prosecut- 
ing that war, as a second lieutenant, and by his bravery and 
meritorious services won rapid advancement. He was soon pro- 
moted to be captain, and at the close of the war held the rank 
of major, On disbanding the volimtcers the Government 
offered him a commission in the regular army, but he declined 
it. Returning to civil life, he became a journalist and founded 
a paper called the Albauy DulcJiman. The paper was not suc- 
cessful, and he gave it up, whereupon he was appointed to an 
office in the Custom House in the city of New York, which he 
held until the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion. He at 
once engaged in the organization of a regiment of voluntcitrs, 
which was made the Thirty-eighth New York Regiment of 
Infantry, and he was appointed its lieutenant-colonel. Holding 
that rank, he was in the first battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. 
The colonel of the regiment, Colonel J. H. H. Ward, in his report 
of the action of his regiment in the Dattle, has this to say of 
him : 

Where all have done so well, it would be invidious to make co.r.parisons ; but 
in the case of Lieutenant-Colonel Farnsworth Thirty-eighth Regiment, lean- 


not find words to express my admiration of his conduct. He was confined to 
a sick bed for seven days previous to the engagement, and arrived on the scene 
of action in an ambulance, and the fact of his rising from a sicic bed and enter- 
ing on the field with his regiment, and his courage and coolness during the day 
entitle him to the highest consideration, (l, Reb. Rec. 29.) 

His ability and bravery were at once recognized, and he was 
promoted to be colonel of the Seventy-ninth Regiment of New 
York Volunteers. He was with his regiment in the second Hull 
Run battle, where he was wounded so severely that he was in- 
capacitated for active service in the field ; but after recovering 
partially from his wounds he was appointed colonel of the First 
Regiment of the Veteran Reserve Corps, with the rank of brevet 
brigadier-general ; and this office he held until the close of the 
war. After that he was again employed in the Custom House 
at New York in a position which he held until his death, 
April II, 1877, at Brooklyn, N. Y. He was buried at Albany 
with military honors befitting his rank and services. 

Abel Farnsworth, a son of Jonathan, Jr., born May 17, 1734, 
lived at Harvard, and served some time in Colonel Job Cush- 
ing's regiment in the Revolutionary War. 

Levi, a grandson of Jonathan, Jr., born Oct. 5, 1791, lived in 
Shirley, Mass., and served for some time in the army in the war 
of 1812. He was wounded in the arm. Samuel, another grand- 
son of Jonathan, Jr., born April 16, 1783, a brother of the I-cvi 
just named, studied law and was admitted to the bar. lie at 
once removed for the practice of his profession to Tuscaloosa, 
Alabama, where he died before he had an opportunity t^ display 
his capacity. 

Parker Elisha, a great-grandson of Jonathan, Jr., born Jan. i, 
1818, received a good academic education and devoted himself 
to teaching. He was teacher at Bloomfield, N. J., two years, in 
a private school in New York one year, at Washington Institute 
two years, at the Mechanic's and Tradesman's School. N. Y., 
eleven years, at the Brooklyn Collegiate and Polytechnic School, 
one year, and at the Trinity School, New York city, seven 
years. He married Harriet W. Batcheller, of Boxboro', Mass., 
April 12, 1842. 

Jonathan, brother to the last named Parker Elisha, had two 
sons, Edwin R. and Joseph Parker Farnsworth, who are engaged 

108 JOXAT//A.V FARySirOKT// 

in the clothinjj business at I'itclihurg, Mass., under the firm 
name of Parnsworth I'rothers. 

3. lOpuRAiM, born Jan. 2, 1703 ; married Deborah Heaman ; 
was a farmer, lived at Harvard and died there Feb. 18, 1737. 
He was a man of courajjc and cncrjjy, and was, with his brother 
Reuben, in Captain Novell's famous expedition throuj^di New 
Hampshire into Maine, ajjainst the Indians. He had but one 
sun, who died about 1756, unmarried. 

4. Rkuhkn, born April 28, 1705 ; married Mary Holden of 
Watertown, April 7, 1730, wiiere he lived some time. He was 
bving in Harvard in 1732, 1733 and 1734, as he is named in the 
Harvard records in those years. He died about 1755. He is 
said to have had seven children, but I have the names of only 
three of them. Two dau;,diters, Mary and Ruth, married and 
moveil to Sandy Hill, \. V. One son, Reuben, Jr., born June 
4, 1 75 I, married (i) Kcziali, daughter of William Kellogg ; she 
died and he married (2) Anna Kellogg, her cousin. He moved 
to Vermont, where he had a family of fourteen children, and 
ilicd at Burlington in 1813. The most of his family appear to 
have lived at Dorset, Vt., where nine of them were baptized 
June 29, 1794. Keziah, his first wife, had no children, but the 
second wife, Anna, was mother of all of them. She died in 1838, 
at 1 )<)rset. The descendants of this Reuben, Jr., are very numer- 
ous, and are scatteied through the country. They are especially 
numerous in the extreme west ; being found in considerable num- 
bers in Colorado, Utah, and in all the Pacific States. 

Anna, the sixth child of Reuben, Jr., married Gurdon Farwell 
of Dorset, Vt. Her son, Asa Farwell, graduated A. H. in 
Midillebury College in 183S and at Andover in 1842. He be- 
came a clergyman, and in 18S2 was giving instruction in Doane 
College, Crecte, Neb. He had a son Charles who graduated at 
Middlebury in 1S76. 

The eighth child of Reuben, Jr., Reuben, 3d, was married 
four times and had thirteen children. He moved to Ohio about 
1815. where some of his family came in contact with the Mormon 
organization, which several of them joined, followed its fortunes, 
and finally settled with that sect in Utah. 

Moses Franklin Farnsworth, a son of Reuben, 3d, was born 
at Edinburgh, Ind., Feb. 5, 1834. In the excitement of the 
Mormon troubles he united himself with them, and removed to 


St, George, Utah. He has interested himself in the history of 
the family, and has exerted himself to collect materials for it. 

Reuben Lafayette, a son of the same Reuben, 3d, but not a 
Mormon, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced 
his profession at St. Paul, Minn. He has also interested him- 
self in religious matters, and published a book entitled " The 
Real Man is a Spirit Only." He married Sylvia Parker and has 
eight children. 
^ 5. Phinehas, born Sept. 15, 1707 ; baptized Sept. 21, 1707; 
married Ezuba Burt. He lived in that part of Harvard that was 
set off to Shirley, where he died April 17, 1752. His wife died 
in 1812, aged too years. He had eight children. 

6. Priscilla, born Sept. 9, 1709; baptized Oct, 9, 1709; 
married Samuel Randall of Stow, Mass., Nov, 30, 1731. 

7. Nathaniel, born Sept. i, 171 1 ; married Eunice, daughter 
of Ephraim and Abigail [Farnsworth] Sawtell, who was born 
Oct, 7, 1720, and died Aug. 6, 1799. He died March 9, 1784, 
They had nine children, the youngest of whom, Lucy, was bap- 
tized Feb. 22, 1761, and married Deacon Joseph Sawtell, Jr., of 

8. John, born Feb. 8, 1714 ; died July 25, 1715. 

9. Hannah, born Aug. 10, 1716 ; married Josiah Butterfiekl, 
July 22, 1737. 

-.., 10. Simeon, born July 12, 17 18 ; married Martha Hall, May 
28, 1744. She died May 7, 1754, aged 34, and he married (2) 
Lucy Atherton, who survived him and died May 13, 1825, aged 
88 years, 7 months. He died at Washington, N. H., March 21, 
1805. He lived until March, 1781, in the part of Harvard that 
was set off to Shirley, and then he moved with his family to 
Washington, N. H,, wheic some of his sons had previously gone, 
and where he spent the rest of his life as a farmer. 

Simeon had a son Simeon, Jr., born Sept. — , 1746, who was 
an early adventurer into the northern part of New Hampshire, 
and who, in 1776, was a petitioner to the New Hampshire Legis- 
lature for the incorporation of the territory then known as Cam- 
den. The result was that the Legislature incorporated the town 
and gave it the name of Washington. This was, perhaps, the 
earliest town to be given the name of the "father of his country," 
who was then at the dawn of his glorious career as the leader of 
the armies of the recently revolted colonies. This son of 


Simeon, bearing his name, has been frequently confounded with 
the father, who probably did not move to Washington until 
several years after his son had prepared the way for him. He 
had seventeen children, six by his first and eleven by his second 
wife, all but one of whom were probably born in Harvard. The 
youngest of them was doubtless born at Washington. 

Stephen Farnsworth, a son of Simeon, Jr., and grandson of the 
first Simeon, who emigrated to and settled at Washington, 
N. H., had a family that deserves mention. His youngest son, 
Orrin, born May i6, 1831, was at the breaking out of the War of 
the Rebellion engaged in business in a hotel at New Orleans. 
He at once gave up his situation and returned to his native place 
in Vermont, where he enlisted in the Third Vermont Regiment 
of Infantry. He served in it until the battle of Fredericksburg, 
May 4, 1863, when he was wounded and died of his wounds four 
days after, May 8, 1863. 

Orrin Edward Farnsworth, a grandson of Stephen, served as 
a volunteer in th-; War of the Rebellion, and now resides, with 
his six children, at Hardman, Oregon. 

Calvin Farnsworth, another son of Stephen, had four sons, 
three of whom volunteered for service during the Rebellion. 
The eldest, Russell Underwood, enlisted in the Third Vermont 
Volunteers, but his health failed and he was necessarily dis- 
charged. The second, Silas Quimby, enlisted in the same regi- 
ment, served until Grant began his march on Richmond, and 
was killed in the battle of Spottsylvania Court House, May 
12, :864. The third of his sons, Robert William Carr, born at 
Haverhill, N. H., Feb. 20, 1844, enlisted in the Tenth Vermont 
Volunteers, and eventually was appointeJ captain of a company 
of the United States colored troops. He was with his regiment 
in a battle near Pascagoula, S. C, in which he was very severely 
wounded in his head and hip, and was, March, 1865, discharged 
on account of these disabilities. He thereupon engaged in 
study, preparatory to the ministry. In 187 1-2 he was teacher of 
Latin in the Fort Edward Collegiate Institute, N, Y, He after- 
wards studied theology at Boston University, and was ordained 
as a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the New 
England Southern Conference in 1874. In that year and the 
next he was stationed at the North Church in Fall River. In 
1876-7 he was stationed at the Fourth Street Church in New Bed- 


ford. In 1879-80 he served at the church in Danielsonville, 
Conn. In the following year it became necessary to seek a 
milder climate and he was transferred to Southern California, 
where he filled many important appointments in his church, 
besides holding the office of presiding elder. In 1884 he was 
delegate to the General Conference from the Southern Califor- 
nia Conference, and was elected at the head of the delegation 
to be sent to the next year's General Conference. In the mean- 
time he was appointed dean of the school of theology in the 
University of Southern California, which position he held at the 
time of his death, which took place Jan. 3, 1888, at Los Angeles, 
in the forty-fourth year of his age. He was a man of great 
natural ability that had been well developed by careful study. 
Had he lived the ordinary term of life, he might reasonably 
have attained an exalted position and reputation in his denom- 
ination. But his health was permanently injured by his services 
and the wounds he received in the war, which eventually led to 
his premature demise. 

Charles H. Farnsworth, the only other son of Calvin, born 
Jan. 19, 1846, studied theology and became a minister of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and is now serving in that capacity. 

Calvin's only remaining child, Ellen J., born April 7, 1854, 
married Sept. 25, 1872, Rev. O. D. Clapp, of Northfield, Vt., a 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

This family is remarkable both for its services to the country 
in war and to the church in peace. 

Jeremy Hoadley Farnsworth, born Oct. 22, 1822, a great- 
grandson of the same Simeon who settled at Washington 
N. H., is a clergyman of the Universalist Church, and in that 
capacity has served that denomination very efficiently at several 
places. He is now settled at Westfield, Mass. He has a son, 
Frederick Tudor, born July 25, 1852, who graduated at Tufts 
College in 1873, after which he passed a year in Europe in com- 
pleting his studies preparatory to teaching, to which he has 
devoted himself. He has been the principal of the Bristol 
Academy at Taunton, Mass., and he has recently been chosen 
principal of the High School of Brookline, Mass., which position 
he now holds. 

Elias D., son of Samuel and Nancy [Caswell] Farnsworth, 
another great-grandson of Simeon, Jr., lived for some time at 


New Orleans, where, April 21, 1842, he married Elizabeth Dunn, 
and siibseqiicntly removed to San Francisco, Cal., where he car- 
ries on business as a general insurance agent, with his son 
Edward Pearl. He has had six children. 

Simeon Dow Farnsworth, a great-grandson of Simeon, was born 
at Walden, Vt., April 30, 1828, graduated at Dartmouth College 
in 1854 ; was a teacher, editor, clerk of one branch of the New 
Hampshire l-cgislature in 1857 and 1858, was a paymaster in tlie 
army during the rebellion, and later a member of the New 
Hampshire Legislature. He was a man of ability, and died at 
Prairie du Chien, March 6, 1868. 

Isaac Danforth Farnsworth, a grandson of Simeon, born April 
22, 1810, at Washington, N. H., was a very successful merchant 
at Boston, where he went in early life. His "jreat abilities were 
very soon observed, and he found his natural and proper place 
in the management of the large commercial interests that were 
committed to his care. He was interested in the East India 
trade, was a long time treasurer of the Boston Wharf Corpora- 
tion, and was a large stockholder in many manufacturing com- 
panies. He acquired a fortune which he used in a very liberal 
but not ostentatious manner. He was never married, and at 
his death he gave large sums for useful charities. In 1873 he 
gave a fund to the Massachusetts Agricultural College to pro- 
vide medals for excellence in elocution, that are known as the 
•' Farnsworth medals." By his will he left $100,000 to build and 
maintain an art school in the Wellesley College, that is known 
as the " Farnsworth Art School." The building has been erected 
and it will be a permanent memorial to his taste and liberality. 
This devise is said to be the largest that has been given in New 
England for instruction in art and is certain to prove of great 
utdity. The following communication to the Boston Journal, 
written soon after his death, is so just and so accurately de- 
scriptive of his character that it is inserted here as it was written 
by an intimate friend : 

To the Editor of tht Boston Journal : 

The man whose n.ime is at the head of this communication died at the Hotel 
Windsor, in New York, where he was stopping on his way to Florida in search 
of milder tkiet to build up and recuperate, if possible, his physical strength, 


which for several years had been enfeebled by causes incident to his advancing 
years. His death deserves more than a mere passing notice. The writer of 
this article is ignorant of his birthplace or his exact age, nor has he taken the 
trouble to ascertain these facts, but for more than forty years he has known 
him intimately and well, and his familiar face and figure are well known to 
hundreds and thousands in Boston, where he has resided for more than half a 

Mr. Farnsworth was eminently an honest man, a just man, a good man, a 
kind-hearted man, a benevolent man. I do not remember that he ever filled 
any office in the city or the State, but this I do know, that his record as made 
up will show not a blemish upon his character. He was brave, honest, upright. 
But, in addition to all this, he was one of the most benevolent men in our 
community. Modest, retiring, unostentatious, few knew of his good deeds 
beyond those who were the recipients of his charities. 

Possessed of an ample fortune, he delighted to make others happy by bestow- 
ing it generously. The calls that were made upon his bounties were many, 
and I might say daily, but they never fretted or annoyed him, and rarely if 
ever was a needy applicant turned away or a worthy charity refused his aid. 
His name did not often appear in print among other donors, but many of our 
noblest charities will miss his generous annual contributions and many a poor 
man and woman will long cherish the name and memory of this good man. 

His religion was of that practical kind inculcated by the Saviour, to do all in 
his power to relieve human suffering, and he has heard the command from his 
Blessed Master, " Come up higher." P. 

A building has been erected for the art school at Wellesley 
that is not only admirably adapted to its purpose, but which is 
creditable to the architecture of New England, and especially 
to the college. It was completed and dedicated to the object 
for which it was designed, Oct. 23, 1889, at which time an oration 
worthy of the occasion was delivered by Martin Brimmer, and 
many admirable works of art, provided by the funds given by 
Mr. Farnsworth and by others stimulated by his example, were 
then shown. They will silently but eloquently teach the refme- 
ments of art, through the pupils of the Wellesley College, to the 
people of the country for many generations. 

Simeon [the elder] had a great-grandson Joseph S., born May 
28, 1822, who lives at Windsor, Vt. He has been greatly inter- 
ested in the preparation of these memoirs, and to him the author 
is indebted for the collection of material and invaluable infor- 
mation. He married Judith M. Stevens, and has three children. 

11. Susanna, born April 28, 1730; married Ebcnezer 
Houghton of Harvard, Jan. 9, 1753. 

12. EuAs, born May 30, 1723. 


13. John, born April 25, 1725 ; married Sarah, daughter of 
Ebenezcr Davis, May 14, 1746, and died Feb. 27, 1757. He had 
five daughters, four of whom died young, and one son, John, 
born in 1753, at Harvard, and baptized May 13, 1753, who mar- 
ried Hannah White. He moved and joined his cousins, the 
sons of Simeon, at Washington, N. H., where he was living, as 
appears by the town records, in 1786. He afterwards moved to 
Clarcmont, N. H., where he was chosen a deacon of the church, 
and al)out the year 1800 he moved to Westmoreland, N. H., 
where he died March 23, 1834, aged 81 years. He had a family 
of eleven children, whose descendants arc luimcrous. Two of 
Deacon John's grandsons, John and Loring, arc in business at 
Fort Scott, Kan. 

14. Sii-AS, born Nov. 2;?, 1727, married (i) Elizabeth . 

She died, and he married (2) Lydia Potts, Jan. 15, 1760. He 
moved to New Hampshire, and had six children, two of whom, 
Silas and Paul, served in New Hampshire regiments in the 
Revolutionary War. 

15. Hetty, born Oct. 13, 1729. 

The descendants of Jonathan Farnsworth are still numerous 
in Harvard and the towns adjacent, but they early spread into 
New Hampshire and Vermont, and they are now to be found in 
nearly every State in the Union from Maine in the East to the 
States bordering on the Pacific Ocean in the West. 


Matthias Farnsworth had probably a son Joseph, his eleventh 
and youngest child, as there is an entry in the town records as 
follows: "Joseph sonne of Matthias Farnworth Dyed Febru. 
20, 8^" If this was a son of Matthias, senior, as has been com- 
monly supposed, he must have been born after the death of his 
first son, Joseph, which occurred Oct. 31, 1674. But it is pos- 
sible that he mly have been a son of Matthias, Jr. 


[In the following index arc included only thoie bearing the nome of Farnn- 
worth who arc mentioned in the preceding pnirc*. In the erne of female* who 
have acquired the name by marriage, the original family name ii given and 
inclosed in parentheiis.] 

Aaron 77 

Abel 47 

Abel, 8.* Ezra, Jr 55 

Abel, s, Jonathan, Jr I07 

Abigail 96 

Abigail (Pierce) 55 

Abigail (Shed) 45 

Abigail (Stow) 48 

Addison 106 

Amos, s. Benjamin 59 

Amos, "Major" 63 

Amos, Dr 71 

Amos Henry 72 

Andrew 15 

Andrew A 15 

Andrew Jackson 50 

Anna (Green) 49 

Anna (Kellogg) . , loS 

Anna (Wassen) 88 

Annie (Wilson) 40 

Asa ' 59 

Asahel 39 

Asenath (Waters) 59 

Oenjamin 46, 48 

Benjamin, Jr 48 

Benjamin, s. Amos 63 

Benjamin Brown 80 

Benjamin Franklin 52 

Benjamin, s. Jonas 63, 67 

* Son of Ezra. 

Benjamin Stow , 49 

Betsy (Kitch) 51 

Betsy (Sheple) 55 

Betty 114 

V_>alvin 79 

Calvin E,.. .. , i6 

Calvin, Rev 37 

Calvin, s. Stephen no 

Carrie Isabel (Langdon) 51 

Cephas 80 

Chandler 37 

Charles H , 1 1 1 

Charles I lenry 5a 

Charles Lewis 38 

Chnrlcs, s. Ralph 75 

Charles, ». William 37 

Charlotte (Carter) 80 

Charlotte F. (Pinkham) 63 

Claude Joseph 70 

Claudius Buchanan 69 

Cordelia C. (Frye) 52 

Lyaniel 16 

Daniel D. T 17 

Daniel M 16 

Daniel, s. John 45 

David 87 

Davilla 15 

Deborah (Beaman) 108 



I )cborah (Rotjers) 36 

I )orcas (Whittcmore) 62 

I )rummond 80 

Clxrnczcr, s. Matthias, J r 35 

Ebenc/cr 3^ 

Kbenezcr, Jr 3^ 

Ebcncrcr, s. benjamin 40 

Ebentzcr, s. Ebcnezcr ,. . . . 40 

r.bcnczcr, s. Harbour 38 

Ebenczcr. s. Josiah 38 

Edward Harding 51 

Edward Miller 63 

Edward Miller, Jr 63 

Edward Fear! 1 12 

Eilmund 3^ 

Edwin K 107 

Elias, s. Jonathan.. . 113 

Elias n IM 

Eliza K. (Valentine) 49 

Eliza RclKcca (Dunham) 59 

Elizabeth 73 

Elizabeth ,\. (Totter) 52 

Elizabeth (Dunn) 112 

Elizabeth (I.akin) 55 

Elizabeth l.orinp (Young) 77 

Elizabeth (Parker) 77 

Elizabeth (Rutherford) 54 

Elizabeth ( Tuttic) 40 

Elizabeth (Whitney) 35 

Elon, Chancellor 98, 103 

Elon John, Gen 91, 9<j 


Ephraim lo3 

Esther Crafts (Moric) 63 

Eunice (Billings) 75 

Eunice (Brown) 80 

Eunice (Hastings) 96 

Eunice (Sawtell) 109 

Ezra, s. Benjamin 55 

Kzra, Jr 55 

Ezra, 3d 55 

Ezra, s. Ab€l 55i 57 

Ezra, s. Ezra 57 

Ezuba (Burt).. 109 

1* rank B 59 

Frank Hickey 38 

Franklin 16 

Frederick F-'ugcnc 38 

Frederick Tudor 1 1 1 

VJeorjje Bourne 72 

George Shattuck 52 

rlannah (Aldis) 44 

Hannah (Barron) 77 

Hannah (Blake) 99 

Hannah (Farwell) 106 

Hannah ( Hastings) 87 

Hannah (White) 114 

Harbour 38 

Harriet Beck (Lester) 76 

Harriet W. (Batcheller) I07 

Havilah 97 

Henry Fitch 53 

Henry Joseph, Gen 59 

Henry S 39 

Hcpzibah (Chandler) 36 

1 saac, s. Benjamin 49 

Isaac, s. Daniel I<J 

Isaac, s. Isaac 49 

Isaac, s. Jonas 79 

Isaac Danforth 112 

Isa.ic P 16 

Isaac Barker 58 

Jacob 106 

James, Capt 4° 

James Dclap, Rev 62 

James Jackson i^ 

James Patlcn 9' 

James S '<J 

Jane (Delap) 61 

Jay Palmer 40 

Jeremiah 45 

Jeremy Hoadley m 

Joanna B. (Gosman) 3<^ 

John, s. Isaac 50 

John, s. John 50 

John, s. John 45 

John, s. Jonathan 114 

John, Jr 114 



ohn, s. Matthias 44 

ohn, s. Samuel 88 

ohn, s. Thomas i6 

ohn Augiistus 50 

ohn Franklin, Gen 88, 91 

ohn Prescott. 70 

ohn Prescott, Jr 70 

ohn S 16 

ohn Wilson 41 

onas, s. Amos 61 

onas, s. Benjamin 78 

onas, s. Jonas 79 

onas, s. Peter 80 

onathan, s. Matthias 105 

onathan, Jr 106 

onathan, 3d I06 

onathan, s. Thomas 41 

onathan Brewer 103 

onathan Gosman, Gen 36, 37 

oseph, Gen 58 

oseph, s. Ebenezer 48 

oseph, s. John 45 

oseph, s. Gen. Joseph 59 

oseph, s. Matthias 81 

oseph, s. Matthias 114 

oseph of Dorchester 13, 15 

oseph, -Jr 15 

oseph D 15 

oseph Parker 107 

oseph S 113 

oshua i03 

osiah 38 

udith M. (Stevens) 113 

ulia A, (Whittemore) 80 

ulia Ann (Gushing) 52 

ulia P. (Cushman) 72 


eziab (Kellogg) 108 

L«aura (Abell) 59 

Lavinia (Blanchard) 106 

Leander Lewis. . . . , 38 

Leonard S. S 16 

Levi 79 

Levi, s. Ebenezer 39 

Levi, g. s. Jonathan, Jr 107 

Loring 140 

Lucy 48 

Lucy (Atherton) log 

Lucy (Hale) 38 

Lucy Holmes (Burgess) 58 

Luke 6g 

Lydia (Longley) 59 

Lydia (Moors) 49 

Lydia j(Potts) 114 

iVlargaret Cochrane (Barbour). . 70 

Margaret (Loach)... 50 

Margaret (Marshall) 80 

Maria C. (Ripley) 52 

Marianna (Mclntire) 69 

Marion S. (True) 73 

Marshall Look 36 

Martha 48 

Martha (Barth) 79 

Martha (Hall) 109 

Mary A. (Clark) 88 

Mary B. (Hollis) 51 

Mary Bourne (Webber), ....... 71 

Mary (Burt) 106 

Mary (Farr) 20 

Mary (Green) 38 

Mary (Holden) 108 

Mary Jane (Osgood) 50 

Mary K. (Taylor) 55 

Mary (Pierce) 38 

Mary (Prescott) 46 

Mary Stevens (Finney) 59 

Mary (Whitcomb-Willard) 81 

Matthias 19-32 

Matthias, Jr 34 

Matthias, 3d 41 

Matthias, s. Ebenezer 35 

Meroe (Sylvester) 80 

Moses 40 

Moses Franklin 108 

Moses W 16 

IN ancy A. (Jacobs) 41 

Nancy (Baker) 50 

Nancy (Caswell) iii 

Nancy (Mussey) 53 

Nathan 45 

Nathaniel 16 



Nathaniel s. Jonathan iw; 

L/live (Haydcn) 40 

Olive (Kinjjsbury) 41 

Oliver, s. Ucnjamin 48 

Oliver, s. Stephen 97 

Oliver, Jr 97 

Orrin no 

Orrin Kdward no 

Parker *=:iisha 107 

Paul 114 

Feter 79 

Philo J udson 39 

Phinchas 109 

Polly (Goodcll) 55 

Ralph 74 

Rebecca 42 

Kcbccca (r'libson) 45 

Rebecca Miller Thayer (Fogg). . 63 

Rebecca ( Pratt) 48 

Rebecca (Wright) 50 

Reuben, s. Jonathan loS 

KeulH.n, Jr 108 

Reuben. 3d loS 

Reuben Lafayette 1 109 

Robert 54 

Robert William Carr no 

Rosaline (Currier) 50 

Rufus 106 

Russell Underwood no 

Ruth 105 

Ruth(Hobart) 35 

Ruth (Shattuck) 105 

Oally (Patten) 88 

Samuel 86 

Samuel, Jr 86 

Samuel, Dr 51 

Samuel, Jr., Dr 51 

Samuel, s. David 88 

Samuel, g. s. Jonathan 107 

S.nmuel, 8. Joseph of Dorchester. 14 (Mcnnclt) .... 77 

Sar.ih (Davis) 114 

.^arah ( I )elap) 79 

.Sarah (Gilson) 45 

.Sarah (llartwcll) 69 

Sarah .Melville (Parker) 55 

Sarah (Nichols) 48 

Sarah (Nutting), 34 

Sar.nh (Page) 49 

Sarah ('larbell) 48 

Sarah (Walker) 38 

Scth 40 

•, s. Jonathan n4 

Silas, Jr \\ % 

Silas Huimby no 

Simeon, s. Jonathan io<; 

Simeon, Jr 109 

Simeon Don n 3 

Solomon 48 

Stephen 96 

Stephen, s. Simeon, Jr no 

Sylvia (Parker) 109 

Thankful (Ward) 78 

Thomas 40 

Thomas G 16 

Thomas Green 51 

Thomas Jefferson 16 

Thomas Swift 37 

Thomas of Bordentown i6-i3 

Thomas of Staten Island 16 

Walter 77 

William, s, Ebenezer 35 

William, Jr 3O 

William, 3d 3^ 

William, s. Ezra 58 

William, 5. Isaac 54 

William A 54 

William D 16 

William H 79 

Wilson Amos, Rev 40 


[In the following index the letter F in parenthesis following the name of a 
woman denotes that she was born Famsworth.] 

Adams, Sarah (F) 36 

Aldis, John 44 

Andrews, George P 53 

Andrews, Solomon 53 

Andrews, Sybil Anna (F) 53 


aker. Dr. Isaac. 
Baker, Jonathan. . . 
Baker, Mary (F).. . 
Baker, Osman, Jr., 





Barbour, William 70 

Billings, Coddington 75 

Blood, Abigail (F) 38 

Blood, David 38 

Bordentown, N. J., settled by 

Thomas Famsworth 16 

Bowers, Deborah (F) 80 

Bowers, Samuel, Jr 80 

Bowers' Tavern at Groton 80 

Brewer, John Lewis 57 

Brewer, Mary Rice (F) 57 

Bunker Hill, Col, Prescott and 

General Putnam at 66 

Bunker Hill, Major Amos Fams- 

worth's account of 65 

Butterfield, Hannah (F) 109 

Butterfield, Josiah 109 

(chancery Conrt of Michigan, 
Elon Famsworth first Chan- 

cellor of 99 

Charlestown, N. H., settlement 
by Samuel, David and Stephen 

Famsworth 86 

Clapp, Ellen J. (F) ni 

Clapp, Rev, O. D in 

Collamer, Jacob 41 

LJ avis, Ebenezer 114 

Delap, James 61 

Farnet (Famsworth), Matthias 

Claude 42 

Farnet, Catherine C. Charpentier 42 
Famsworth Art School, Wellesley 112 
Famsworth, Canadian variations 

of the name of 42 

Famsworth, Chancellor Elon, 

tribute to 102 

Famsworth, Gen. Elon John, at 

Gettysburg 92-96 

Famsworth Hall at Bridgton 

(Me.) Academy 52 

Famsworth Hall at Vermont 

Academy 5° 

Famsworth, Origin of the name 

of 9-" 

Famsworth, Revolutionary Com- 
mission of Lieut. Amos 68 

Famsworth. Settlement in 

Charlestown, N. H 3* 

Famsworth, Settlement in Nova 

Scotia , 61 



Farnsworth, Will of Mary 31 

Farnsworth, Will of Matthias.., 29 

Farnworth in Dean, Fn^jland... 10 

Farnworth in I'rcscott, Kngland. 12 

Fair, GcorRC 20 

Fan-, Mary 20 

r'arr, Sarah (Stone) ft 5 

Farr, Stephen 85 

Fanvell. Anna (F) io3 

Farwell, Asa io3 

Farweli, Capt. Henry 77 

Farwell. Charles 108 

?'arvvell, (iurdon I<j9 

Farwell, Lydia (Tarbcll) 77 

Finney, Erastus 59 

Fitch, Zachariah 5 ' 

FoKR, Haniel ^3 

Fowle, Carrie Palmer (F) 40 

Fowle, Rev. James 1 4' 

Cjarrison. William I.loyd; letter 

to P^lizabcth Farnsworth 73 

Gettysburg, (Jen. El on John 
Farnsworth's charge and death 

at 92-96 

Gibson, Thomas 45 

GofT. Thomas 35. ^'<> 

Green, John 3S 

(Jroton, Settlement of 19 

Groton, Destroyed by Indians... 26 
Groton, Matthias Farnsworth's 

land at 24 

Guilford, Eliza Wheeler (F) 98 

Guilford, Nathan 96 

Hall, Mary Elizabeth (F) 72 

Hall, Prescott Farnsworth 72 

Hall, Samuel 72 

Harrison, Carolyn Frances (F).. 101 

Harrison, Jared Francis 101 

Hartwell, Ebcnezer 45 

Hartwell, Oliver fw; 

Hartwell, Rachel (F) 45 

Hartwell, Samuel 45 

Hartwell. Sarah (F) 45 

Hoban, Gershom 35 

I loidrn. Abigail (Stone) 85 

Holdcn. Jane (F) 63 

Moidcn, 38 

Moldcn. Nathaniel 85 

Holdcn. Samuel 62 

n oil is, Jesse 51 

Houghton, Ebene/er 113 

Houghton, Susanna (F) 113 

llutthins, y\bigail (F) 104 

Ilutchins, Hcnjamin 104 

Hutchins, F.lizal>cth 104 

I lutchins, John . 104 

Iluttliins, Joshua 104 

Hutchins. Nicholas 20. 104 

Impartial Herald. The; estab- 
lished at SufTicId, Conn., 1797. 

by H. & O. F"arnsworth 97 

Jacques, Aildison B 51 

Jacques, Emily Rebecca (F). ... 51 

Johnson. Mrs. James 39 

Ixellogg. William 108 

Kilbourn, .Mphcus 41 

Kiiboum. Hallctt 41 

Kilbourn. Josiah Hurrage 72 

Killxnirn, Mary Elizabeth (F)... 72 

Kilbourn. Phiiana (F) 41 

Knox, Gen. Henry 82 

Lakin. Henjamin 55 

I, akin, Hannah 33 

I.akin, Isaac 33 

I. akin. John 33 

I«ikin, William 33 

Lawrence, Asa 48 

Lawrence, Asa Farnsworth 48 

I jwrence. Lydia (F) 48 

I^wrcnce, Nathaniel 30 

Locke, Hannah (F) 77 

Locke, James. Jr 77 

Ix)kcr, John 47 

l-ong, John 13 

Long, Thomas 13 



Longley, James 35 

Longley, Joanna (Goffe) 35, 60 

Longley, John 47. 59 

Longley, William 35 

McDonald, Joseph E 59 

McDonald, Josephine (F) 59 

Mclntire, Joseph ^. . . . 69 

Mansfield, Elizabeth (F) 13 

Mansfield, John 13 

Moors, Abraham 44 

Moors, Benjamin 44 

Moors, Timothy 49 

Morse, John C 63 

INutting, John 34 

Wlis, Amos. . , 62 

Otis, Amos, Jr 62 

Otis, Nancy (F) 62 

Otis, Sally (F) 62 

A age, Jonnthan 86 

I'agc, Mary Crew (F) 86 

Page, Samuel 49 

Parker, Isaac 55 

Parker, James 44, 85 

Parker, Josiah 44 

Patten, Col. James 88 

Peck, Hannah (F) 13 

Peck, Joseph 13 

Perlcy, Petsey (F) 53 

Perlcy, Thomas 53 

Perlcy, Thomas Flint 53 

Pierce, Ephraim 38, 55 

Pinkham, Vincent 63 

Potter, William 52 

Prcscott, Col. William 47 

Prcscott, Ebenczcr 45 

Prescott, Hannah (F) 45 

Prescott, John 46 

Prescott, John 25 

Prescott, Jonas.... 25, 28, 30, 44, 46 

Puffer, Matthias 14 

Puffer, Rachel (F) 14 


Puffer, Ruth (F) 14 

Puffer, William 14 

rVamczay, Claude de 42 

Randall, Priscilla (F) lof^ 

Randall, Samuel 109 

Reed, Henry L 41 

Reed, Hopkins A 41 

Reed, Mary Jane (F) 41 

Rhode Island Republican, pub- 
lished by H. & O. Farnsworth, 

1799 97 

Richards, Edmund 78 

Richards, Edward 20 

Richards, Eunice (Locke) 77 

Richards, Eunice ; her story of 

the Revolution 78 

Richardson, Harriet Mussey (F) 52 

Richardson, M. C 52 

Ripley, Abraham 13 

Ripley, Esther (F) 13 

Ripley, John 52 

Robinson, Elizabeth 33 

Robinson, Elizabeth (F) 33 

Robinson, James 33 

Ruggles, John . . .' 14 

Ruggles, Rebcccah (F) 14 

Rutherford, Rev. Robert 54 

Oawtell, Abigail (P') 45, 109 

Sawtell, Capt. Ephraim 45, 109 

Sawtell, Deacon Joseph lo<_) 

Sawtell, Lucy (F) 109 

Shattuck, Job 45, 69 

Shattuck, John 105 

.Shattuck, Jonatiian 38 

Shattuck, Keziah (F) 38 

Shattuck, Ruth (Whitney) 105 

Shattuck, Sarah 45 

Shay's Rebellion 69 

Shed, Jonathan 42 

Shcple, Capt. Jonathan 33 

Sheple, Capf . Joseph 55 

Sheple, Lydia (Lakin) 33 

Stevens, Capt. John 78 

Stevens, Martha {F> 78 

1 M*< 


Stone, Abijah 4« 

Stone, Itcnjamin ^5 

Stone. Pan, M. C 99 

Stone, Hannah "5 

Stone, Hannah (F) 4J 

Stone, Isaac ^'> 

Stone, James 3 

Stone, John 28. 35. 84 

Stone, Joseph 85 

Stone. I ydia 85 

Stone, Sarah (1") 84 

Stone, Simon 28, 35. 84 

Stone. Simon, Jr 85 

Stone. Su-iannah 85 

Stow, Henjamin 48 

Tarbcll.Col. Al-el 48. 88 

'rarl.cll. Hannah (i') 88 

Tarl.cll. John 88 

Tarbcll. (.len. John 48 

Tarbell. Jonathan 3^ 

Tarbeli. i.yJia (K) 38. 77 

Tarbell. Mary (K) 48 

Tarbell. Saniicl 77 

Tarbell. William 43 

Thatcher, Abigail 82 

Thatcher. Anna 82 

Thatcher, Kb^nezer 82 

Thatcher, Hannah 83 

Thatcher, Henry Knox 83 

Thatcher, John 82 

Thatcher, l.ucy (Knox) 82 

Thatcher, Mary (F) 82 

Thatcher, Samuel 82 

Thatcher, Col. Sanuel 8a 

True. Dr. N. H 73 

Tinker, (iilbert Kui;>,'le« 8» 

Tntkrr. kelicf (F) 88 

Tuiket. Kcul)cn 88 

V alcnline. Samuel 40 

VV asliin>.'tnn. I.ifc of; printed 

by Oliver I aniNWorlh. iHo-j... 98 
WashinRton. N. 11 . settled by 

Simeon 1 arnswf)rth If*1 

Webber. Capt. Seth 7« 

Wentworth's. (•ov. Henning. re- 
fusal to recoyjnize the Farn*- 
worth grant at Charlrstown, 

N. H 87 

Wlu-eloik, I tcborah V) 

Whi-eloik, Joseph /'} 

Whilcomb. Josi.ih 86 

Wilcock. John >3 

Willard, Hannah (K) 4S 

Willard, Isaac 45 

WiUard, Simon 86 

Willard, Simon, Jr 86 

I Willcox, Klon Farnsworth loi 

Wilicox, Mary Louise (K) loi 

! Willcox, Gen. O-lando H loi 

j Wilson, Kev. Edwin P 5^ 

I Wilson, Virginia Han-ii (F). ... S2 


1 oung, Alexander 77